What Is A Urinary Tract Infection
If you have ever experienced the frequent urge to go the bathroom with painful and burning urination, you have probably experienced a urinary tract infection . UTIs are one of the most common types of infections, accounting for over 10 million visits to health care providers each year. Roughly 40% of women experience a UTI at some time, and in women, it is the most common infection. Healthcare costs related to UTIs exceed $1.6 billion per year.
A urinary tract infection can happen anywhere along your urinary tract, which includes the kidneys , the ureters , the bladder , or the urethra . Most UTIs occur in the bladder and urethra. Common symptoms include frequent need to urinate, burning while urinating, and pain in lower abdomen area.
There are different types of UTIs based on where the bacteria goes. A lower urinary tract infection occurs when bacteria gets into the urethra and is deposited up into the bladder this is called cystitis. Infections that get past the bladder and up into the kidneys are called pyelonephritis.
Urinary tract infection symptoms may include:
- Pain or burning upon urination
- A frequent or urgent need to urinate
- Passing small amounts of urine
- Blood in the urine or or pink-stained urine
- Urines that looks cloudy
- Strong-smelling urine
- Pain, cramping in the pelvis or pubic bone area, especially in women
Upper UTIs which include the kidney may also present with symptoms of fever, chills, back or side pain, and nausea or vomiting.
How Should This Medicine Be Used
Topical oxybutynin comes as a gel to apply to the skin. It is usually applied once a day. Apply oxybutynin gel at around the same time every day. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Apply oxybutynin gel exactly as directed. Do not apply more or less of it or apply it more often than prescribed by your doctor.
Oxybutynin gel may help control your symptoms but will not cure your condition. Continue to use oxybutynin gel even if you feel well. Do not stop using oxybutynin gel without talking to your doctor.
Oxybutynin gel is only for use on the skin. Do not swallow oxybutynin gel and be careful not to get the medication in your eyes. If you get oxybutynin gel in your eyes, wash them with warm, clean water right away. Call your doctor if your eyes become irritated.
You can apply oxybutynin gel anywhere on your shoulders, upper arms, stomach, or thighs. Choose a different area to apply your medication every day, and apply the entire dose to the place you choose. Do not apply oxybutynin gel to your breasts or your genital area. Do not apply the medication to skin that has recently been shaved or that has open sores, rashes, or tattoos.
Keep the area where you applied oxybutynin gel dry for at least 1 hour after you apply the medication. Do not swim, bathe, shower, exercise, or get the area wet during this time. You may apply sunscreen during your treatment with oxybutynin gel.
First Otc Drug Approved For Overactive Bladder
HealthDay News The FDA has approved oxybutynin as the first over-the-counter treatment for women 18 and older with overactive bladder.
Oxybutynin belongs to a class of drugs called anticholinergics that are designed to relax the bladder muscle. No agent in this class has been available over-the-counter before, the FDA said in a press release.
Oxybutnin will be sold as a patch to be applied to the skin every four days. Overactive bladder is characterized by symptoms including leakage, frequent urination, and feeling the sudden and urgent need to urinate. The condition affects some 33 million Americans, mostly older women.
Approval of the OTC formulation was based on results from nine studies involving more than 5,000 patients. Overall, results from these studies showed that consumers can understand the information on the label, properly select whether the product is right for them, and use the drug appropriately, the FDA said.
Side effects reported during clinical testing included skin irritation at the patch site, dry mouth and constipation.
The drug will remain available for adult men by prescription only, due to concerns that incorrect self-diagnosis could delay treatment for prostate cancer. Study findings showed men were relatively poor at correctly determining whether oxybutynin was the appropriate treatment for their urination problems.
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What If I Forget To Take It
If you forget to take your medicine, take it as soon as you remember unless the next dose is due in less than 6 hours. In this case skip the missed dose and take your next one at the usual time.
Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed dose.
If you forget doses often, it may help to set an alarm to remind you. You could also ask your pharmacist for advice on other ways to help you remember to take your medicine.
Who Does Overactive Bladder Affect
Overactive bladder is most common in people 65 and older. Women may have OAB at a younger age, usually around 45.
How common is overactive bladder?
Overactive bladder is common. It affects up to 33 million adults in the U.S., including as many as 30% of men and 40% of women. However, that number may be higher because many people may feel embarrassed and wont get help.
How does overactive bladder affect my body?
Overactive bladder symptoms can cause stress and affect your quality of life.
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Bladder Spasms And The Risk Factors
Anyone can experience bladder cramps, no matter the sex or the age of the person. Even children can have this condition , and it is the number one daytime incontinence cause.
However, some people are at increased risk of developing this condition. For instance, you may have a boosted risk of experiencing bladder cramps if you:
- Are pregnant, or you recently gave birth
- Have a UTI or a urinary tract infection
- Have recently undergone pelvic or lower abdominal surgery
- Have bladder muscle damage due to injury or disease
- Have a neurologic illness such as spinal cord injury or stroke
If you are experiencing pain, irritation, or other uncomfortable symptoms, it is best to consult with your doctor for bladder spasm treatment. By receiving the proper treatment early, you will increase your chances of a speedy recovery.
A New Nonprescription Product For Overactive Bladder In Women
W. Steven Pray, PhD, DPhBernhardt Professor, Nonprescription Products and DevicesCollege of Pharmacy
Gabriel E. Pray, PharmD CandidateCollege of PharmacyWeatherford, Oklahoma
Occasionally, the nonprescription product market undergoesa significant change. There is no greater change than the debut of anew product labeled to treat a medical condition that has never beforebeen judged amenable to self-care. The September 2013 introduction ofOxytrol For Women to the nonprescriptionproduct market is a perfect example of an Rx-to-OTC switch that couldalter the health care habits of countless women.1,2
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How To Take Slow
Slow-release tablets release oxybutynin slowly and evenly throughout the day.
Swallow these tablets whole with a drink of water. Do not break, crush or chew them.
Try to take your tablet at the same time each day. This will help you to remember to take them.
Part of the tablet can pass through your body and you might see it in your poo. Do not worry, this is normal and does not affect the way the medicine works.
What Is Azo Urinary Pain Relief
AZO Urinary Pain Relief is a pain reliever that affects the lower part of your urinary tract .
AZO Urinary Pain Relief is used to treat urinary symptoms such as pain or burning, increased urination, and increased urge to urinate. These symptoms can be caused by infection, injury, surgery, catheter, or other conditions that irritate the bladder.
AZO Urinary Pain Relief will treat urinary symptoms, but this medication will not treat a urinary tract infection.. Take any antibiotic that your doctor prescribes to treat an infection.
AZO Urinary Pain Relief may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
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Types Of Urinary Incontinence
Urgency incontinence, also known as overactive bladder, is involuntary urination or a very strong desire or urgency to urinate.
Stress incontinence is a weakness of the bladder or sphincter muscles.
Overflow incontinence, also known as after-dribble, is a consequence of not emptying the bladder properly.
Functional incontinence happens when you know you need to urinate, but due to mental or physical reasons, such as dementia or impaired mobility, cannot make it to the bathroom in time.
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Bladder Spasms: Appropriate Medications And Treatments
Living with bladder spasms can be challenging, so learning about the different management techniques is crucial for improved life quality. The reality is that you do not need to live in a constant state of fear that you are going to wet yourself accidentally. By learning about the different ways that you can treat an overactive bladder, you will boost your health, improve your self-esteem, and become the best version of yourself. Of course, before opting for any of these treatment methods and medications, it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional for expert advice. If you are located in the area or just searching for the best experts in the industry, consult with an internal medicine specialist in Hialeah, FL.
What is the best way to treat this uncomfortable, often life-debilitating symptom? What are bladder spasms anyway? Find out below.
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Common Questions About Oxybutynin
Oxybutynin is a type of medicine called an antimuscarinic muscle relaxant.
It works by relaxing the muscle that is found in the wall of the bladder. This helps to increase the volume of pee your bladder can hold and control the release of pee.
Oxybutynin starts to work after about 3 to 4 hours to relax the muscle surrounding your bladder.
However it may take up to 4 weeks before it works fully.
If your symptoms do not start to get better after 7 days talk to your doctor.
Talk to your doctor if your symptoms get worse at any time.
Usually, you’ll need to take oxybutynin for a long time.
After 4 weeks your doctor will check that oxybutynin is helping your symptoms. They’ll also do a review every 6 to 12 months after that to check it’s still working for you.
Take oxybutynin until your doctor tells you to stop. Do not stop taking it just because you feel better.
There may be an increased risk of confusion and possibly dementia in people taking oxybutynin, but more study needs to be done. If you’re worried about this, talk to your doctor.
Do not take oxybutynin for longer than you need to. Your doctor will check every 6 to 12 months that your treatment is still needed.
If you’ve been taking oxybutynin for at least 6 months your doctor may suggest that you stop taking the medicine for up to 4 weeks to see how your symptoms change without it.
What Causes Interstitial Cystitis
In some people with the condition, the bladder is inflamed, ulcerated, scarred or stiff.
There are several theories about the possible cause of the condition.
- damage to the bladder lining, which may mean pee can irritate the bladder and surrounding muscles and nerves
- a problem with the pelvic floor muscles used to control peeing
- your immune system mistakenly attacking your bladder
- an allergic reaction
Its also been suggested that interstitial cystitis may be a symptom of a more widespread problem, as its been associated with conditions such as fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome , irritable bowel syndrome and lupus.
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What If I Take Too Much
If you take too much mirabegron, it is unlikely to harm you.
If you take an extra dose by mistake, you might get some of the common side effects, such as increased heart rate, or headache and dizziness.
Urgent advice: Contact 111 now for advice if:
Youâve taken more than your usual dose of mirabegron and:
- youâre having side effects
Call or go to 111.nhs.uk
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Flotrol Bladder Control Formula
Flotrol Bladder Control Formula is an all natural dietary supplement created for the relief and cure of the problems of bladder control. It is a 100% natural dietary supplement composed of specifically targeted herbal ingredients renowned for bladder health improvement. It helps in the strengthening of the muscles around the bladder and the calming of the bladder for the complete elimination of the sense of urgency.
There is no worry or concern when it comes to side effects as Flotrol is an all natural product and its consumption alongside other medications normally causes no adverse reaction. It is of course still advised that a doctor be consulted before attempting to take Flotrol together with other medications.
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How To Cope With Side Effects
What to do about:
- feeling sick â try taking mirabegron with a meal or snack. It may also help if you stick to simple meals and avoid rich or spicy food.
- constipation â eat more high-fibre foodsâ¯such as fresh fruit, vegetables and cereals, and drink plenty of water.â¯Try to exercise more regularly, for example, by going for a daily walk or run. If this does not help, talk to your pharmacist or doctor.â¯Watch this short video about how to treat constipation.
- diarrhoea â drink lots of fluids, such as water or squash, to avoid dehydration. Signs of dehydration include peeing less than usual or having dark strong-smelling pee. Do not take any other medicines to treat diarrhoea without speaking to a pharmacist or doctor.
- urinary tract infection â if you think you have a UTI, ask a pharmacist or doctor to recommend a treatment. Tell them that you are taking mirabegron.
- headache â make sure you rest and drink plenty of fluids. Do not drink too much alcohol. Ask a pharmacist to recommend a painkiller. Talk to your doctor if the headaches continue or are severe.
- feeling dizzy â stop what you’re doing and sit or lie down until you feel better. Do not drive, ride a bike or operate machinery until it passes. If you are still having dizzy spells after a week, speak to your doctor.
- fast heart rate â lie down and try to relax. This is usually nothing to worry about and will pass. Contact 111 if your heart beat does not slow down after resting, or if you have chest pain.
Complementary And Alternative Medicine
Naturopathic doctors and others also use herbal remedies to treat OAB, but few of these are strongly supported by research. Among those that have some evidence of a positive effect are:
- Gosha-jinki-gan : This traditional Chinese medicine remedy is composed of 10 herbs. Animal studies suggest GJC can mute bladder sensations that contribute to urinary urgency. Small studies in women and men have shown positive results, albeit with side effects in 1 in 10 users .
- Saw palmetto: Saw palmetto is a popular herbal remedy said to increase testosterone levels and alleviate prostate enlargement that can contribute to OAB symptoms in men. A 12-week study involving 44 men with OAB reported improved bladder control and decreased prostate size compared to men who didnt take it.
Always speak with your healthcare provider before using a herbal remedy to treat OAB. The overuse of herbal remedies, especially imported ones, can expose you to substances that may be toxic to your liver and kidneys or interact with drugs you are taking.
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The 7 Best Prostate Health Supplements
We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Heres our process.
As a result, enlargement or inflammation of the prostate can negatively affect sexual function and urination.
In general, three main problems can occur in the prostate (
- Prostatitis: inflammation or infection of the prostate
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia : age-related enlargement of the prostate
- Prostate cancer: a form of cancer that occurs in the prostate. Its the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men worldwide and fourth leading cause of cancer deaths in men.
While supplements cannot treat or cure these conditions, limited research suggests that some may help ease symptoms that are associated with prostate inflammation (
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Selecting Medications For The Treatment Of Urinary Incontinence
BARRY D. WEISS, M.D., University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona
Am Fam Physician. 2005 Jan 15 71:315-322.
In response to the growing population of older patients with incontinence, pharmaceutical companies are developing new drugs to treat the condition. Before prescribing medications for incontinence, however, physicians should determine the nature and cause of the patients incontinence. The evaluation should rule out reversible conditions, conditions requiring special evaluation, and overflow bladder. The best treatment for urge incontinence is behavior therapy in the form of pelvic floor muscle exercises. Medications, used as an adjunct to behavior therapy, can provide additional benefit. Many therapies are available for patients with stress incontinence, including pelvic floor muscle exercise, surgery, intravaginal support devices, pessaries, periurethral injections, magnetic chairs, and intraurethral inserts. No medication has been approved for the treatment of stress incontinence, although medications are under development.
Urinary incontinence is one of the most common chronic medical conditions seen in primary care practice. It is more prevalent than diabetes, Alzheimers disease, and many other conditions that receive considerably more attention. Incontinence is an expensive problem, generating more costs each year than coronary artery bypass surgery and renal dialysis combined.1,2
Strength of Recommendations
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