Most Common Bacteria That Cause Utis
Based on a study by The National Center for Biotechnology Information, the bacteria most commonly associated with causing UTIs are:
- Escherichia coli
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Based on the symptoms the patient is experiencing and before any testing is done to officially determine the infection type, the doctor prescribes first line antibiotics. For most UTIs, the prescribed antibiotic will cure the infection and not require any further testing.
Treatment Of Uti In Children
Your childs UTI will require prompt antibiotic treatment to prevent kidney damage. The type of bacteria causing your childs UTI and the severity of your childs infection will determine the type of antibiotic used and the length of treatment.
The most common antibiotics used for treatment of UTIs in children are:
If your child has a UTI thats diagnosed as a simple bladder infection, its likely that treatment will consist of oral antibiotics at home. However, more severe infections may require hospitalization and IV fluids or antibiotics.
Hospitalization may be necessary in cases where your child:
- is younger than 6 months old
- has a high fever that isnt improving
- likely has a kidney infection, especially if the child is very ill or young
- has a blood infection from the bacteria, as in sepsis
- is dehydrated, vomiting, or unable to take oral medications for any other reason
Pain medication to alleviate severe discomfort during urination also may be prescribed.
If your child is receiving antibiotic treatment at home, you can help ensure a positive outcome by taking certain steps.
During your childs treatment, contact their doctor if symptoms worsen or persist for more than three days. Also call their doctor if your child has:
- a fever higher than 101F
- for infants, a new or persisting fever higher than 100.4F
You should also seek medical advice if your child develops new symptoms, including:
How Is A Uti Diagnosed
To diagnose a UTI, your GP will examine you and ask you questions about your general health. Sometimes that might be enough to diagnose a UTI. Your doctor may want you to provide a urine sample to identify what bacteria is causing the infection. Your doctor may also do a blood test and check your temperature and heart rate.
Don’t Miss: Capri Plus Bladder Control Pad
Can I Become Immune To The Antibiotics Used To Treat A Uti
Your body can actually get used to the antibiotics typically used to treat a urinary tract infection . This happens in people who have very frequent infections. With each UTI and use of antibiotics to treat it, the infection adapts and becomes harder to fight. This is called an antibiotic-resistant infection. Because of this, your healthcare provider may suggest alternative treatments if you have frequent UTIs. These could include:
- Waiting: Your provider may suggest that you watch your symptoms and wait. During this time, you may be encouraged to drink plenty of fluids in an effort to flush out your system.
- Intravenous treatment: In some very complicated cases, where the UTI is resistant to antibiotics or the infection has moved to your kidneys, you may need to be treated in the hospital. The medicine will be given to you directly in your vein . Once youre home, you will be prescribed antibiotics for a period of time to fully get rid of the infection.
Unusual Bleeding Or Bruising
Bleeding under the skin can occur from broken blood vessels that form tiny pinpoint red dots . Blood can also collect under the tissue in larger flat areas , or in a very large bruised area .
Amoxicillin can increase the risk of bleeding. If youre experiencing either unusual bleeding or bruising, see a doctor immediately. Internal bleeding may be occurring, which could lead to bleeding in the digestive system, or, in rare cases, the brain.
To prevent this, make sure your doctor knows if youre on anticoagulants or blood thinners before you start taking amoxicillin.
If you experience this side effect of amoxicillin, its considered a rare but serious side effect. Seek medical attention as soon as possible.
Also Check: Reasons For Bladder Control Loss
What Happens If You Leave Your Uti Untreated
If left untreated, your UTI could get worse. With proper treatment prescribed by a healthcare provider, a bladder infection could go away in as little as three days. Infection progression time varies from person to person.
According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases , kidney infections are serious and can leave permanent scarring and damage that affects kidney function. The disease damages the renal cells, making it harder for your kidneys to filter efficiently. In even more severe cases, an infection could trigger an inflammatory response called sepsis that can cause multi-organ failure .
Things You Can Do Yourself
To help ease symptoms of a urinary tract infection :
- takeparacetamolup to 4 times a day to reduce pain and a high temperature for people with a UTI, paracetamol is usually recommended over NSAIDs such as ibuprofen or aspirin
- you can give childrenliquid paracetamol
- rest and drink enough fluids so you pass pale urine regularly during the day
- avoid having sex
Some people take cystitis sachets or cranberry drinks and products every day to prevent UTIs from happening, which may help. However, theres no evidence they help ease symptoms or treat a UTI if the infection has already started.
Recommended Reading: How To Help Overactive Bladder
Recommended Reading: Medicine To Help Empty Bladder
How Is A Urinary Tract Infection Diagnosed How Do Healthcare Providers Test For A Uti In Toddlers
After interviewing you about your childs history and performing a physical examination, the healthcare provider may order the following tests:
- Urine tests like the leukocyte esterase and a urine culture to test for the presence of bacteria or white blood cells.
- Blood tests looking for infection or kidney function.
- Ultrasound or CT of the kidneys and bladder.
- Voiding cystourethrogram , which evaluates the bladder and urethra to detect vesicoureteral reflux .
Whats Next When Uti Symptoms Linger After Antibiotics
If you have a UTI that isnt responding to antibiotic treatment, further testing will likely begin with a urine culture to analyze the bacteria causing the infection.
If another type of bacteria, fungi, or virus is responsible for your UTI, your doctor will prescribe a more appropriate treatment.
There are also some lifestyle changes that can help reduce the frequency of UTIs, as well as the severity of your symptoms.
Its important to note that these recommendations work best for UTIs, bladder infections, and kidney infections, as these three conditions are treated similarly.
If youve been diagnosed with another underlying condition thats causing your symptoms, your treatment will likely be different.
research has suggested that UTI frequency may be linked to an increase in bladder cancer risk. However, the research on this is sparse.
But that doesnt mean there isnt a link between UTI-like symptoms and cancer. In fact, there are two types of cancer that can cause UTI-like symptoms: bladder cancer and prostate cancer.
If youre experiencing any of the symptoms listed below, talk to your doctor so a proper diagnosis can be made.
Recommended Reading: Does Pumpkin Seed Oil Help Overactive Bladder
Are There Any Over
Over-the-counter antibiotics for a UTI are not available. You should see your doctor to have your symptoms evaluated.
Your provider may recommend an OTC product called Uristat to numb your bladder and urethra to ease the burning pain during urination. Uristat can be bought without a prescription at the pharmacy. A similar phenazopyridine product called Pyridium is also available.
Take phenazopyridine for only 48 hours, and be aware it may cause your urine to turn a brown, orange or red color which may stain fabrics or contact lenses. It may be best to not wear contact lenses while being treated with phenazopyridine.
Phenazopyridine is not an antibiotic and will not cure a UTI.
See also: Ratings of Urinary Anti-Infectives
What Does It Mean If You Have Recurring Utis
Recurrent urinary tract infections are widespread. One study found that 44% of women who experience acute uncomplicated cystitis will have a recurrence later that year, usually within three months from the initial episode. Most providers define recurrent UTIs as two or more infections in six months or three episodes or more over a year .
Recurrent UTIs usually do not indicate a failure of the first treatment, though the same strain of germs may have reinfected you. If your last infection happened recently, your healthcare provider might ask for a urine culture to see if the drug was active. A UTI is considered a relapse of the same infection if the recurrence happens within two weeks of a previous episode .
You May Like: Over The Counter Meds For Overactive Bladder
What Others Say About Treating Uti With Amoxicillin
Jessica: I have suffered frequent UTIs and am generally recommended amoxicillin, which for me works astonishingly well. If I capture it early I discover the ache in my bladder, a percentage of blood in the urine and the urgency to pee disappears enough to be comfy within 6 hours, and I feel 100% normal again in 24-48 hours. Does the trick each time.
NightFly: Works fantastic! Pain disappears in less than 24 hours, and I feel myself once again! Very recommended medication to deal with urinary tract infections!
Sam: I have utilized continuously amoxicillin it for my regular urinary tract infections. It operates in 4 or 5 days, although I take it for a 10-day run. I take two 250mg caps two times a day. I have never had any issues. Works fantastic, if you arent adverse any of the penicillin-type drugs.
Ann: Amox 875mg 3 times a day. No more pain, urgency, and frequency incontinence no more blood in my urine. Also, THAT is precisely what I wanted. I am back to my sassy self.
If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission.
You must be logged in to post a comment.
You May Like: Over The Counter Yeast Infection Male
Why Should I Take The Full Dose
Antibiotics work well against UTIs. You might start to feel better after being on the medicine for just a few days.
But even so, keep taking your medicine. If you stop your antibiotics too soon, you wonât kill all the bacteria in your urinary tract.
These germs can become resistant to antibiotics. That means the meds will no longer kill these bugs in the future. So if you get another UTI, the medication you take might not treat it. Take the full course of your medicine to make sure all the bacteria are dead.
You May Like: Home Antibiotics For Tooth Infection
Recommended Reading: Botox For Overactive Bladder Cost
What Are Some Risk Factors For Utis
However, people with penises can develop a UTI 3 in 25 men develop UTIs over their lifetime, according to the AUA . Other factors that make someone more prone to developing a complicated UTI include older age, being in the hospital , diabetes, kidney stones, pregnancy, and poor immune system health .
Certain behaviors increase your risk of developing a UTI. Using certain forms of birth control, such as spermicides or diaphragms, can increase your chances of a UTI. Poor hygiene, such as wiping from back to front , or other methods of moving germ-troublemakers to the entrance of your urinary tract, can increase your risk for a UTI.
Lastly, sexual intercourse can expose your urinary tract to UTI-causing germs. Other risk factors include menopause, previous UTIs, and urinary tract obstructions like kidney stones or an enlarged prostate .
Does Amoxicillin Treat Urinary Tract Infections
A urinary tract infection is an infection of the urinary system. This type of infection can involve your urethra , kidneys , or bladder, .
Your urine typically doesnât contain bacteria . Urine is a byproduct of our filtration systemâthe kidneys. When waste products and excess water is removed from your blood by the kidneys, urine is created. Normally, urine moves through your urinary system without any contamination. However, bacteria can get into the urinary system from outside of the body, causing problems like infection and inflammation. This is a urinary tract infection .
Urinary tract infections are very common, occurring in 1 out of 5 women sometime in their lifetime. Though UTIs are common in women, they can also happen to men, older adults, and children. One to 2% of children develops urinary tract infections. Each year, 8 million to 10 million visits to doctors are for urinary tract infections.
What is Amoxicillin?
Amoxicillin is an antibiotic. Itâs used to treat infections caused by certain types of bacteria. This antibiotic belongs to a specific class of drugs called beta-lactams. Beta-lactam antibiotics such as amoxicillin work by binding proteins and inhibiting certain processes in bacterial cells. This causes the cell walls to break down and destroys the bacteria, a process called bactericidal killing.
Can amoxicillin treat UTIs?
Also Check: What Can I Do To Strengthen My Bladder
Care For Pregnant Women
The hormonal and anatomical changes of pregnancy mean that being pregnant increases the risk for both urinary tract infections and yeast infections. Not only this but pregnant people and their unborn babies may experience more health complications with even simple infections. UTIs and yeast infections during pregnancy can lead to a higher risk of preeclampsia, premature labor, and low birth weight.
Pregnant women who think they have a UTI or a yeast infection should see their healthcare provider without delay, as these infections should be treated right away to prevent serious complications to both the mother and the child. Your healthcare provider can also help you pick the safest treatments, since some antibiotics and antifungals are not suitable for pregnant women.
What Is A Uti Anyway
A UTI, or urinary tract infection, happens when bacteria enters into any part of your urinary system, which includes the urethra, the bladder, the kidneys or the uterus. If not flushed out of the system, the bacteria can lead to an infection, or a UTI.
If youve ever had a UTI , you probably havent forgotten the symptoms. UTIs are very unpleasant, to say the least, and are often accompanied with one or more of the following:
A burning sensation when urinating
A strong urge to urinate often, usually passing only small amounts of urine at a time.
Cloudy and/or strong smelling urine
Donât Miss: Treatment After Bladder Tumor Removal
Also Check: Malignant Neoplasm Of Bladder Definition
When To Contact A Doctor
If a person suspects that they might have a UTI, they should speak with a doctor for advice on the best way to treat the possible infection.
Antibiotics may not always be necessary to treat UTIs, but it is still important to seek medical attention for any suspected infection. This will reduce the risk of a more severe infection developing that is harder to treat.
The signs and symptoms of UTIs include:
Below are answers to some frequently asked questions about treating UTIs.
How Are Utis Diagnosed
Only a health care provider can treat urinary tract infections. The first thing a doctor will do is confirm that a person has a UTI by taking a clean-catch urine specimen. At the doctors office, youll be asked to clean your genital area with disposable wipes and then pee into a sterile cup.
The sample may be used for a urinalysis or a urine culture . Knowing what bacteria are causing the infection can help your doctor choose the best treatment.
Also Check: How To Strengthen Bladder Control Muscles
Antibiotics For Uti: Will A Uti Go Away On Its Own
While the body can resolve minor infections without the assistance of medicine, for any serious UTIs, antibiotics are highly recommended.
If a UTI goes untreated the infection can spread from the urethra and bladder up into the kidneys.
Here, it becomes a much more serious infection as the risk of bacteria spreading into the bloodstream increases.
UTIs in the kidneys are dangerous and in some cases considered a medical emergency. If the infection reaches the bloodstream, your condition can become fatal and you should seek medical attention immediately.
Its for this reason that antibiotics for UTI are highly recommended.
Who Can And Cannot Take Nitrofurantoin
Nitrofurantoin can be taken by adults including pregnant and breastfeeding women.
Nitrofurantoin is not suitable for everyone. To make sure itâs safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:
- ever had an allergic reaction to nitrofurantoin or any other medicines in the past
- either of the rare inherited conditions: porphyria or glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency
- severe kidney disease
- any illness causing severe weakness
- anaemia or vitamin B deficiency
Also Check: Medicine For Bladder Control At Night
What Causes A Urinary Tract Infection
The most common causes of UTI infections are E. colibacterial strains that usually inhabit the colon. However, many other bacteria can occasionally cause an infection. In addition, yeasts and some parasites may cause UTIs. In the U.S., most infections are due to Gram-negative bacteria with E. coli causing the majority of infections.
Read Also: Infected Sweat Gland Home Remedy
What Is The Prognosis For A Urinary Tract Infection
A good prognosis is usual for spontaneously resolved and quickly treated UTIs. Even patients that have rapidly developed symptoms and early pyelonephritis can have a good prognosis if quickly and adequately treated. The prognosis begins to decline if the UTI is not quickly recognized or treated.
Elderly and immunosuppressed patients may not have the UTI recognized early their prognosis may range from fair to poor, depending on how much damage is done to the urinary tract or if complications like sepsis occur.
Like adults, most adequately treated children will have a good prognosis. Children and adults with recurrent UTIs may develop complications and a worse prognosis recurrent UTIs may be a symptom of an underlying problem with the urinary tract structure. These patients should be referred to a specialist for further evaluation.
Also Check: Will Clindamycin Treat A Bladder Infection