Monday, January 30, 2023

Can Kidney Stones Cause Bladder Cancer

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Everyday Foods That Can Cause Kidney Stones

NCLEX Questions for Kidney Stones, Bladder Cancer, Prostate Issues

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Your kidneys play a vital role when it comes to filtering waste out of the body. Each day, these organs on either side of the spine, filter more than 200 quarts of blood and 2 quarts of waste products before its flushed out of the body via urination.

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Obviously, healthy kidneys are essential for proper detoxification. However, certain foods can cause kidney stones and keep these organs from functioning optimally. Here are 15 foods that encourage kidney stone development

How Is Bladder Cancer Diagnosed

Frequently, a doctor will diagnose bladder cancer after an individual tells them about blood in their urine. When there’s enough blood in the urine to see it with the naked eye, it’s called “gross hematuria.” If you have small traces of blood in your urine you can’t see, it’s “microhematuria.” As mentioned previously, only a urine test can detect microscopic hematuria.

Procedures and tests your doctor may use to diagnose your bladder cancer include the following.

1. Cystoscopy

During cystoscopy, your doctor will insert a cystoscope through your urethra. This tool has a lens that allows them to see inside your bladder and urethra to examine their structures for signs of cancer.

2. Urine Cytology

The doctor analyzes a sample of your urine under a microscope, checking for cancer cells.

3. Genomic Urine Test

This is a lab test that measures several biomarker genes in your urine to accurately assess the probability that you have cancer.

4. Biopsy

During a cystoscopy procedure, your doctor might pass a specific tool into your bladder through the scope to biopsy for testing.

5. Imaging Tests

Imaging tests like retrograde pyelogram or computerized tomography allow your doctor to view and examine your urinary tract structures.

Bladder Cancer: Men At Risk

Genitourinary malignancies are a worry for men. In adolescents and young adults, testicular cancer is the main concern. One of the unappreciated benefits of growing older is that cancer of the testicles becomes rare but as men outgrow that risk, they face the problem of prostate cancer. With these well-publicized diseases to head their worry list, it’s easy for men to overlook bladder cancer but that would be a mistake. In fact, about 53,000 American men will be diagnosed with the disease this year alone, and over 10,000 will die from it.

Bladder cancer is the fourth most common internal malignancy in American men it is also one of the 10 deadliest cancers, and it saps our strapped economy of almost $3 billion a year. But there’s good news, too. Early diagnosis can nip the disease in the bud, and new treatments are improving the outlook for patients with advanced disease. And when it comes to good news, you’ll also be glad to know that you can take simple steps to reduce your risk of getting bladder cancer.

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What Is The Outlook For People Who Have Bladder Stones

Some small bladder stones may pass out of the body without treatment. But for the majority that dont pass on their own, providers can remove them with minimally invasive procedures or surgery. With proper treatment, bladder stones dont cause long-term health problems.

Untreated bladder stones can lead to pain, difficulty urinating, bleeding and infection. Talk to your provider if you have a health condition that can lead to bladder stones. If you dont treat the cause, bladder stones may form again.

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What Is Bladder Cancer

Kidney Stone Vs Bladder Cancer Symptoms

The bladder, a hollow organ in the lower part of the abdomen, serves as a reservoir for urine until it is discharged out of the body through the urethra.

There are different types of bladder cancer. The cancer cell type can be transitional cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinomaeach named for the types of cells that line the wall of the bladder where the cancer originates.

  • Most bladder cancers start from the transitional cells, which occupy the innermost lining of the bladder wall. The cancers, which originate in these cells lining the bladder can, in some instances, invade into the deeper layers of the bladder , the thick muscle layer of the bladder, or through the bladder wall into the fatty tissues that surround the bladder.
  • Squamous cells are thin flat cells that line the urethra and can form in the bladder after long bouts of bladder inflammation or irritation. Squamous cell carcinoma makes up about 5 percent of bladder cancers.
  • Adenocarcinoma is a very rare type of bladder cancer that begins in glandular cells in the lining of the bladder. Only 1 percent to 2 percent of bladder cancers are adenocarcinoma.

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Living With Bladder Stones

After surgery, your doctor will check to make sure all stones are gone. They may repeat tests to confirm. Your doctor also might prescribe medicine to prevent infection.

Your doctor may need to treat the cause of your bladder stones. For example, if your doctor finds a tumor in your bladder, they will check for cancer. The current clinical recommendation from the American Academy of Family Physicians does not include routine preventive screening for bladder cancer. Left untreated, bladder stones can cause lasting damage. This includes repeat UTIs or injury to your bladder, kidney, or urethra.

How Are Bladder Stones Diagnosed

If you have symptoms, see your doctor. Your doctor will do a physical exam. They will press on your stomach to see if you are in pain. For men, your doctor may do a rectal exam to check your prostate. Additional tests include:

  • A urine test
  • Pelvic imaging
  • Urinary tract imaging , which might include a special dye injected into your veins to highlights the stones
  • Cystoscopy

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You Have An Underlying Condition

Sometimes, a problem is affecting your bladders ability to hold and pass urine. The most common conditions that can result in bladder stone formation include untreated infections, an enlarged prostate, kidney stones, medical devices used to drain the urethra, and damage to nerves involved in bladder function.

As a result, certain factors can increase your chances of developing bladder stones.

Ibs And Other Functional Gi Disorders

Common Urological Problems : BPH,Erectile Dysfunction(ED),Kidney Stones,prostate cancer and others

Functional gastrointestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome , functional abdominal bloating and distention, functional constipation, and functional dyspepsia may cause problems with gas symptoms.

Functional GI disorders are related to problems with how your brain and your gut work together. These problems can cause you to feel more bloating or abdominal pain or can affect how gas moves through your intestines.

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What Is A Urinary Tract Infection

A UTI, or urinary tract infection, occurs when bacteria get into the urinary tract and begin to grow and spread, causing an infection. Most UTIs are caused by bacteria entering the urethra. Often, this is E. Coli that spreads from the anus. Though E. Coli is thought to be responsible for up to 90 percent of all UTIs, other bacteriacan induce urinary tract infections as well.

Commonly, the bacteria travel up through the urethra, and the infection likely occurs here or in the bladder. However, in some cases, the infection reaches the ureters or the kidneys, which can cause additional complications. There are other causes of UTIs as well, including anything that could be blocking the flow of urine and causing it to build up and stay in the bladder.

Since urinary tract infections are incredibly common, you are probably familiar with the symptoms. Just in case youâre not, hereâs a refresher:

  • Needing to urinate more often than usual
  • Not being able to empty the bladder, or only producing small amounts of urine, even when you feel the strong urge to go
  • Discomfort or pain when peeing, which can also include a burning sensation
  • Feelings of fatigue and general unwellness, and fever is also possible
  • Urine may smell odd or look cloudy
  • Older people who develop urinary tract infections can become severely confused and disoriented, mimicking the symptoms of dementia

Diagnosis Of Kidney Stones

Many kidney stones are discovered by chance during examinations for other conditions. Urine and blood tests can help with finding out the cause of the stone. Further tests may include:

  • ultrasound
  • CT scans
  • x-rays, including an intravenous pyelogram , where dye is injected into the bloodstream before the x-rays are taken.

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What Is The Survival Rate Of Bladder Cancer

According to estimates from the American Cancer Society, the numbers related to bladder cancer cases in America, in 2018, will be:

  • About 81,190 new diagnosed cases of bladder cancer, of which 76% will be diagnosed in men and 24% of them in women
  • About 17,240 deaths from bladder cancer, of which 72% will occur in men and 28% in women.

Bladder cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancers in men, while women tend to have a much rarer incidence of developing the disease. Statistics indicate that 1 in 27 men will develop this type of cancer during their life, while only 1 in 89 women will be diagnosed with it. In terms of age of diagnosis, the average is 73. 9 out of 10 people that are diagnosed are over the age of 55.

White people are more likely to be diagnosed with bladder cancer that African American or Hispanic Americans.

The overall survival rate for bladder cancer is:

  • The 5-year relative survival rate is about 77% for people diagnosed and treated over 5 years ago
  • The 10-year relative survival rate is about 70% for people diagnosed and treated over 10 years ago
  • The 15-year relative survival rate is about 65% for people diagnosed and treated over 15 years ago.

Taking the staging of the disease into consideration, the survival rates are encouraging for cancers that are discovered as early as possible. Data collected by the National Cancer Institute from patients diagnosed with bladder cancer between 1988 and 2001 reveal the following:

Medication For Kidney Stones

Kidney Cancer

For most people with recurrent calcium stones, a combination of drinking enough fluids, avoiding urinary infections, and specific treatment with medications will significantly reduce or stop new stone formation.

Certain medications such as thiazide diuretics or indapamide reduce calcium excretion and decrease the chance of another calcium stone. Potassium citrate or citric juices are used to supplement thiazide treatment and are used by themselves for some conditions where the urine is too acidic.

For people who have a high level of uric acid in their urine, or who make uric acid stones, the medication allopurinol will usually stop the formation of new stones.

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Chronic Bladder Problems And Urinary Tract Infections

Long-term bladder irritation and inflammation, such as that caused by infections and bladder or kidney stones, make it more likely for someone to develop bladder cancer. People with spinal cord injuries are at risk of both chronic infections and kidney stones. A parasitic infection called schistosomiasis increases the risk of squamous cell carcinoma. This infection is rare in the United States but common in the Middle East.

Symptoms Of Kidney Stones

Many people with kidney stones have no symptoms. However, some people do get symptoms, which may include:

  • a gripping pain in the back usually just below the ribs on one side, radiating around to the front and sometimes towards the groin. The pain may be severe enough to cause nausea and vomiting
  • blood in the urine
  • cloudy or bad smelling urine
  • shivers, sweating and fever if the urine becomes infected
  • small stones, like gravel, passing out in the urine, often caused by uric acid stones
  • an urgent feeling of needing to urinate, due to a stone at the bladder outlet.

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How Do You Detect Kidney Cancer

Diagnosis begins with detailed family history and a complete physical examination. Part of the exam has us press on your abdomen to feel for any unusual solid masses. Urine is tested for blood and the presence of cancer cells. An X-ray of the kidney is taken, as well as ultrasound, CT scans, and an MRI. The point of these imaging tests is to determine the nature of the abnormality of the kidney and to see the extent of cancer. Chest X-rays and bone scans may be ordered to check for distant cancer sites.

Increased Risk Of Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma

Bladder Stones | Fairbanks Urology

Upper tract urothelial carcinoma refers to cancers in the lining of the kidney or the ureter. Just like other types of cancer, it can also spread to other body organs. Upper tract urothelial carcinoma puts you at the risk of losing your kidney or ureter and in severe cases, it may lead to death as well.

Data from the same study has revealed that kidney stones are associated with a 1.7 fold increase in the risk of upper tract urothelial cancers.

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Treating Renal Colic And Pain Management

See your doctor if you have symptoms of renal colic or urinary stones. Your doctor can do tests to look for increased levels of substances that form stones in your blood or urine. A CT scan can look for stones in your kidneys and other urinary organs.

If you have a large stone, your doctor can do one of these procedures to remove it and relieve renal colic:

  • Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy : This procedure uses shock waves aimed at your kidneys to break up the stones into very small pieces. You then pass the stone fragments in your urine.
  • Ureteroscopy: Your doctor inserts a thin, lighted scope up through your urethra and bladder to remove the stone.
  • Percutaneous nephrolithotomy: This procedure uses tiny instruments inserted through a small cut in your back to remove a stone. You will be asleep during this procedure.

In the short term, your doctor will give you medicines to relieve the pain of renal colic. Options include:

  • nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen
  • drugs to prevent muscle spasms
  • opioid medicines

What Is Upper Urinary Tract Cancer

Cancer is when cells in the body grow out of control, often forming a mass or tumor. In upper urinary tract cancer, abnormal cells are found in the:

  • Renal pelvis
  • Renal calyces
  • Ureters

Cancers of the upper urinary tract are relatively rare. The most common of all upper urinary tract cancers are those found in the renal pelvis and renal calyces. Cancer in the ureters makes up about a quarter of all upper urinary tract cancers.

Tumors of the renal calyces, renal pelvis and ureters start in the layer of tissue that lines the bladder and the upper urinary tract, called the urothelium. Cancer that starts in the urothelium is called urothelial cancer. This is the most common type of cancer found in the bladder, as well. Because many of the organs in the urinary system share common cells, cancers found in these organs often look and act alike.

The urothelium is special in the way that it swells and shrinks to push urine through the urinary tract. Because it is in direct contact with the urine, this lining is exposed to chemicals filtered out of the blood by the kidneys. These chemicals can cause cells to change and grow out of control as cancer.

Because the bladder stores urine, it may be at greater risk for cancer than other parts of the upper tract. Its cells are exposed to harmful substances for a longer time. When urine has a high percent of harmful chemicals, cancer may also grow in the kidney or ureters.

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Do Kidney Stones Cause Bladder Cancer

Blood alone does not mean that you have bladder cancer. There could be many reasons for blood in the urine, such as a urinary tract infection or kidney stones.

urethra the tube urine passes through on its way out of the body. A blockage can cause severe pain in the abdomen or groin and sometimes.

Common causes of end-stage.

is another type of living kidney donation if you have a willing kidney donor whose organ is not compatible with you or does not match well for other reasons.

May 13, 2021.

He or she will ask about any history of kidney stones or urinary tract infections. These conditions can also cause blood in the urine.

There are several health problems that affect the kidneys and can lead to kidney disease: Cardiovascular disease. Diabetes. High blood pressure. These health problems can cause kidney damage over.

While any breed of dog can develop bladder cancer,

disease mimic those of other urinary tract conditions such as stones or infections.

Has your grandma, friend, or aunt told you not to wear a bra because bras cause cancer? We have good news.

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Recurrent infections of the urinary system, bladder stones, impaired kidney function and other conditions.

act as diuretics .

Do you suffer from low or decreased urine output from past few months? Are you experiencing loss of appetite coupled with constant tiredness? If yes, it could indicate a renal problem and in the.

Frequent Or Urgent Urination

Bladder Cancer Image

A person with bladder cancer may feel the need to urinate frequently or urgently. The frequency of normal urination depends on several factors, particularly the amount of daily water intake. Most healthy adults urinate between four to eight times a day. More frequent urination may indicate a disease of the bladder, including cancer. The need to urinate suddenly and immediately can be another sign and can cause leaking or involuntary urinating.

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What Are The Symptoms Of Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer, also known as renal cell carcinoma , is one of the 10 most common cancers in people. Doctors most commonly diagnose this cancer in people over 60 years old, often after finding it by accident during routine imaging tests.

The kidneys are two bean-shaped, fist-sized organs under the back of your rib cage. They help:

  • filter waste from your blood
  • create urine
  • control blood pressure
  • create red blood cells

Your body can function normally with only one kidney. But a tumor growing in one of your kidneys can disrupt its normal functions.

Most symptoms of kidney cancer have to do with kidney function and tumor growth, but these symptoms often dont appear in the early stages.

When symptoms do appear, they tend to show up in places like your urine or lower back.

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