Location Of Female Bladder
Some aspects of its location are similar in both men and women, but it does manifest certain differences in the opposite genders. In the adult females, the organ lies anterior to the vagina and inferior to the uterus . Owing to the relative shift in location, it also reduces in size as it cannot store as much the volume of urine as in males.
Vascular Supply Of The Bladder
Branches of the internal iliac artery: A. iliolumbalis , A. sacralis mediana , A. rectalis media of the contralateral side , A. iliaca externa , A. epigastrica inferior , A. obturatoria , A. vesicalis superior , A. vesicalis inferior , A. rectalis media , A. pudenda interna , A. glutealis inferior , A. glutealis superior , A. umbilicalis und Lig. umbilicale . Fig. from Grays Anatomy, Lea and Febinger 1918, Philadelphia, USA.
Arteries of the bladder
from the non-obliterated portion of umbilical artery
Inferior vesical artery:
directly from the internal iliac artery.
Bladder Conditions And Symptoms
The first and most important point to remember is that everyone with a bladder problem can be helped and many can be completely cured.
If you have been diagnosed with incontinence problems, you can use the bladder menu to find out more information about your specific bladder condition or problem. If you have not been diagnosed by a health professional, the following questions about your symptoms should help you find the information you are looking for.
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Changes In Bladder Habits Or Symptoms Of Irritation
Bladder cancer can sometimes cause changes in urination, such as:
- Having to urinate more often than usual
- Pain or burning during urination
- Feeling as if you need to go right away, even when your bladder isn’t full
- Having trouble urinating or having a weak urine stream
- Having to get up to urinate many times during the night
These symptoms are more likely to be caused by a urinary tract infection , bladder stones, an overactive bladder, or an enlarged prostate . Still, its important to have them checked by a doctor so that the cause can be found and treated, if needed.
The Rectum And Muscles
Once the bowel has done its work and absorbed nutrients from food, the waste travels to the rectum which stretches, triggering a message to the brain to say that the bowel is full and needs to be emptied. The pelvic floor muscles, when well-toned, ensure the anus remains closed until its time to go to the toilet.
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What Exams And Tests Diagnose A Prolapsed Bladder
An exam of the female genitalia and pelvis is usually required in diagnosing a prolapsed bladder. Seeing the bladder bulging into the vagina on examination is diagnostic. In addition, you will be asked to strain/cough/bear down to determine the extent of the bladder prolapse, as well as determine if you have urinary leakage with increased pressure .
For less obvious cases, the doctor may use a voiding cystourethrogram to help with the diagnosis. During the voiding cystourethrogram, a catheter is placed into the bladder through the urethra. The bladder is emptied and then a sterile contrast is passed through the catheter into the bladder until the bladder is full enough to void. A series of X-ray films then are taken during bladder filling and during urination. These X-ray films help the doctor determine the shape of the bladder and the cause of urinary difficulty. The doctor may also test or take X-ray films of different parts in the abdomen to rule out other possible causes of discomfort or urinary difficulty.
After diagnosis, the doctor may test the nerves, muscles, and the intensity of the urine stream to help decide what type of treatment is appropriate.
A test called urodynamics or video urodynamics may be performed at the doctor’s discretion. Urodynamics measures pressure and volume relationships in the bladder and can also assess the function of the urethra and may be crucial in the decision-making of the urologist/urogynecologist.
What Are The Kidneys And Urinary Tract
The urinary tract is one of the systems that our bodies use to get rid of waste products. The kidneys are the part of the urinary tract that makes urine . Urine has salts, toxins, and water that need to be filtered out of the blood. After the kidneys make urine, it leaves the body using the rest of the urinary tract as a pathway.
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What Side Is A Dog’s Bladder On
. Similarly, where is the bladder located in a female dog?
The bladder is an expandable sac, like a balloon, that lies toward the back of the abdomen. Urine flows from the kidneys, through the tube-shaped ureters, and into the bladder, where it is stored before being eliminated from the body through a tube called the urethra.
what does a dog bladder infection look like? Symptoms Of Bladder Infections In DogsPassing small amounts of urine tinged with blood. Cloudy or strong-smelling urine. Frequent squatting or straining to urinate. Pain when urinating, indicated by shivering, whimpering, or aches.
Accordingly, how do you know if your dog had a stroke?
Symptoms of strokes in dogs can include: Inability to walk or walking with an uncoordinated gait. Head tilt. Abnormal eye movements, side to side or rotary
How long can a dog hold their bladder?
Establish a routineGenerally speaking, a puppy can control their bladder one hour for every month of age. So if your puppy is two months old, they can hold it for about two hours. Don’t go longer than this between bathroom breaks or they’re guaranteed to have an accident.
When Should I See A Health Care Professional
See a health care professional if you have symptoms of a bladder problem, such as trouble urinating, a loss of bladder control, waking to use the bathroom, pelvic pain, or leaking urine.
Bladder problems can affect your quality of life and cause other health problems. Your health care professional may be able to treat your UI by recommending lifestyle changes or a change in medicine.
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What Affects The Amount Of Urine You Produce
The amount of urine you produce depends on many factors, such as the amount of liquid and food you consume and the amount of fluid you lose through sweating and breathing. Certain medicines, medical conditions, and types of food can also affect the amount of urine you produce. Children produce less urine than adults.
When Should Someone Seek Medical Care For A Prolapsed Bladder
- Any woman who notices symptoms of a prolapsed bladder should contact her doctor.
- A prolapsed bladder is commonly associated with prolapses of other organs within in a woman’s pelvis. Thus, timely medical care is recommended to evaluate for and to prevent problematic symptoms and complications caused by weakening tissue and muscle in the vagina.
- Prolapsed organs cannot heal themselves, and may worsen over time.
- Several treatments are available to correct a prolapsed bladder.
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Urinary Tract Infections : More Common In Women
Urinary tract infections, sometimes called bladder infections, strike women more often than men, and simple anatomy is the cause.
The female urethra is closer to areas that have natural bacteria, such as the anus and vagina. Its also shorter than a mans urethra, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases .
Bladder pain from UTIs can happen at any age. In young women, it is a common symptom of urinary tract infections, along with frequent and painful urination. Symptoms in older women can vary but typically include muscle aches, abdominal pain, fatigue, and weakness.
Its important to see your doctor because treatment with antibiotics like Macrobid or Bactrim can usually clear up a urinary tract infection, the NIDDK notes.
And though the infection may go away without treatment, antibiotics can speed healing and quickly eliminate uncomfortable symptoms. Drinking extra fluids and urinating frequently will also help treat the infection and your discomfort.
Urinary Bladder Cancer And Other Problems
As an accessory structure, the medical conditions of the organ are actually the disorders of excretory system. The urinary bladder infection can be of various kinds and complexities. They include the urinary bladder cancer and the stones. The bladder stones, for example, may partially or completely block the passage of urine.
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Understanding Bladder Infection Signs
It is crucial to always listen to the bladder infection signs that your body is giving you. Leaving an infection untreated is dangerous and could be deadly.
If you feel that you could be experiencing an infection, the best course of action is to contact a healthcare professional as soon as symptoms arise.
For more information on how you can get the healthcare, you need .
Can Eating Certain Foods Or Drinks Make My Bladder Pain Symptoms Worse
Maybe. Some people report that their symptoms start or get worse after eating certain foods or drinks, such as:16
- Citrus fruits, such as oranges
- Drinks with caffeine, such as coffee or soda
Keep a food diary to track your symptoms after eating certain foods or drinks. You can also stop eating foods or drinks one at a time for at least one week to see if your symptoms go away. If not, stop eating other trigger foods or drinks one at a time for one week to see which ones may be causing some of your symptoms.
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What Are The Side Effects Of Interstim Implants
InterStim may cause patients to experience unpleasant side effects, including: 1 Pain at the implant site 2 New pain 3 Infection 4 Skin irritation 5 Interactions with other devices or diagnostic equipment 6 Undesirable changes in urinary or bowel function 7 Lead movement/migration 8 Device problems 9 Uncomfortable stimulation
What Is Bladder Control
Bladder Control Is All Thanks To Your Brain What The Link Can Do To Treat Chronic Pelvic Pain. Its known as the medial wall of the precentral gyrus, or the part of the primary motor cortex which helps with planning and executing certain movements. We hope that this vein of research will help us to find the causes of chronic pelvic floor pain,
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What Does It Mean If Your Bladder Hurts When You Pee
As the bladder empties during urination, the muscles contract to squeeze the urine out through the urethra. Several different bladder problems can cause pain. The three most common causes of bladder pain are interstitial cystitis, urinary tract infection, and bladder cancer.
Layers Of The Bladder Wall
The wall of the bladder wall has three principal tissue layers or coats:
Lies beneath the epithelial layer single layer of cells separating the epithelial layer from the lamina propria a sheet of extracellular material serving as a filtration barrier and supporting structure for the mucosal layer
Submucous coat Areolar connective tissue interlaced with the muscular coat. This layer contains blood vessels, nerves, and in some regions, glands. A tumor, which has spread to this layer, can metastasize to the rest of the body via the lymphatics and blood vessels.
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What Are The Symptoms Of A Bladder Infection Vs A Uti
Symptoms can offer clues about whether you’ve got a bladder infection specifically or a UTI somewhere else in your system. Regardless of which type you have, you’re likely to have some or all of the most common UTI symptoms, which MedlinePlus says includes:
- Pain or burning when you urinate
- Fever, tiredness, or shakiness
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What You Can Do
Lifestyle changes can help keep your gallbladder shipshape.
Load up on fiber and cut back on sugar and carbs. Problems with your gallbladder often can be traced back to too much cholesterol — a fat from meat, dairy, and other animal sources. But donât be afraid of good unsaturated fats from foods like olive and canola oil, salmon and other fatty fish, and nuts.
Exercise regularly. Aim for 30 minutes of brisk walking and other moderate workouts every day.
Keep a healthy weight. If youâre heavy, aim to lose pounds slowly and avoid fasting. Otherwise, it can make the level of cholesterol in your gallbladder go up.
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How Do The Kidneys And Urinary Tract Work
Blood travels to each kidney through the renal artery. The artery enters the kidney at the hilus , the indentation in middle of the kidney that gives it its bean shape. The artery then branches so blood can get to the nephrons 1 million tiny filtering units in each kidney that remove the harmful substances from the blood.
Each of the nephrons contain a filter called the glomerulus . The fluid that is filtered out from the blood then travels down a tiny tube-like structure called a tubule . The tubule adjusts the level of salts, water, and wastes that will leave the body in pee. Filtered blood leaves the kidney through the renal vein and flows back to the heart.
Pee leaves the kidneys and travels through the ureters to the bladder. The bladder expands as it fills. When the bladder is full, nerve endings in its wall send messages to the brain. When a person needs to pee, the bladder walls tighten and a ring-like muscle that guards the exit from the bladder to the urethra, called the sphincter , relaxes. This lets pee go into the urethra and out of the body.
What Are The Stages Of Bladder Cancer
Bladder cancer can be either early stage or invasive .
The stages range from TA to IV . In the earliest stages , the cancer is confined to the lining of the bladder or in the connective tissue just below the lining, but has not invaded into the main muscle wall of the bladder.
Stages II to IV denote invasive cancer:
- In Stage II, cancer has spread to the muscle wall of the bladder.
- In Stage III, the cancer has spread to the fatty tissue outside the bladder muscle.
- In Stage IV, the cancer has metastasized from the bladder to the lymph nodes or to other organs or bones.
A more sophisticated and preferred staging system is known as TNM, which stands for tumor, node involvement and metastases. In this system:
- Invasive bladder tumors can range from T2 all the way to T4 .
- Lymph node involvement ranges from N0 to N3 .
- M0 means that there is no metastasis outside of the pelvis. M1 means that it has metastasized outside of the pelvis.
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Interstitial Cystitis: A Severe Form Of Bladder Pain Syndrome
More than three million American women live with pelvic pain related to interstitial cystitis, a condition in which the bladder wall becomes irritated and inflamed, according to the NIDDK. Interstitial cystitis is a severe form of bladder pain syndrome, Siddiqui says.
Bladder discomfort from interstitial cystitis may range from tenderness to severe pain, according to the institute. Another clue that interstitial cystitis is the culprit: Menstruation tends to worsen bladder pain.
Interstitial cystitis is not caused by a urinary tract infection, although the symptoms may worsen if you have interstitial cystitis and get a UTI. While the cause is not understood, according to the NIDDK, certain events or factors seem to trigger flares in symptoms. These include stress, changes in diet, allergies, and taking certain drugs, among other things.
Treatment options for interstitial cystitis include distending the bladder, taking oral medication, physical therapy, and using electrical nerve stimulation to alleviate pain, but there is no known cure. In severe cases, where other treatments havent worked, sometimes surgery is an option.
How Is Bladder Pain Syndrome Diagnosed
There is no one test to tell whether you have bladder pain syndrome. Your doctor or nurse will do a physical exam to look at your lower abdomen and lower back and ask you questions about your symptoms. Your doctor may give you tests to rule out other health problems, such as urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted infections , bladder cancer, or kidney stones.
Some tests your doctor may do include:
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What Other Therapies Treat A Prolapsed Bladder
Physical therapy such as electrical stimulation and biofeedback may be used to help identify and strengthen the muscles in the pelvis, particularly in those individuals who fail to respond to pelvic floor muscle exercises on their own.
- Electrical stimulation: A doctor can apply a probe to targeted muscles within the vagina or on the pelvic floor. The probe is attached to a device that measures and delivers small electrical currents that contract the muscles. These contractions help strengthen the muscles. A less intrusive type of electrical stimulation is available that magnetically stimulates the pudendal nerve from outside the body. This activates the muscles of the pelvic floor and may help treat incontinence.
- Biofeedback: A sensor is used to monitor muscle activity in the vagina and on the pelvic floor. The doctor can recommend exercises that can strengthen these muscles. These exercises may help strengthen the muscles to reverse or relieve some symptoms related to a prolapsed bladder. The sensor can monitor the muscular contractions during the exercises, and the doctor may be able to determine if the targeted muscles would benefit from the exercises.