Blood In Urine Treatment
The treatment will obviously depend on the underlying cause for the blood in your urine. More information can be found in the separate individual leaflets on the various conditions that can cause blood in your urine.
If no cause can be found then you should still report any further bleeding to your GP who may want to you to undergo more tests. You should not ignore any blood in your urine even if you have had normal tests in the past.
Further reading and references
Can Dog Uti Go Away On Its Own
It is not likely for a dogs UTI to go away on its own.
It is always recommended that if your dog exhibits signs of a UTI such as straining to urinate, increased frequency in urination, licking of the genital area, and fever, then you should seek veterinary care.
Urinary tract infections are not only unlikely to go away on their own. Without a dog UTI treatment, they can worsen or even lead to complications.
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What Happens When A Uti Goes Untreated
Thanks to early diagnosis and proper treatment, the vast majority of lower urinary tract infections result in no complications. However, if left untreated, a UTI can have serious ramifications notes the Mayo Clinic, including:
- Premature birth and low birth weight
- Kidney damage, which can occur is an untreated UTI spreads from the bladder to the kidneys.
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What Is The Most Common Cause Of Bladder Infection
According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases , most bladder infections are caused by Escherichia coli . This type of bacteria is naturally present in the large intestines. An infection can occur when bacteria from the stool get onto the skin and enter the urethra.
When Should I Contact My Doctor
You shouldnt ever ignore blood in your urine. Its important to contact a healthcare provider if you see blood in your urine or if you have other symptoms related to hematuria.
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Theres no need to panic if you see blood in your urine, especially if you have your period or youve just eaten something like beets. However, its a good idea to give your healthcare provider a call. Its better to catch any kind of condition early, even if its just a UTI. Your provider will work with you to find out whats causing blood in your urine and a successful treatment.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 08/16/2022.
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Causes Of Blood In Urine
Blood in your pee could come from anywhere in the urinary tract the bladder, kidneys or urethra .
If you have other symptoms, this might give you an idea of the cause. But do not self-diagnose. See a GP if you think its blood in your pee.
|Other symptoms||Possible cause|
|Burning pain when peeing, need to pee often, smelly or cloudy pee, high temperature, pain in sides or lower back|
What Is The Urinary Tract
The urinary tract is the bodys drainage system for removing wastes and extra fluid. The urinary tract includes
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist. They are located just below the rib cage, one on each side of the spine. Every day, the kidneys filter about 120 to 150 quarts of blood to produce about 1 to 2 quarts of urine, composed of wastes and extra fluid. Children produce less urine than adults. The urine flows from the kidneys to the bladder through tubes called ureters. The bladder stores urine until releasing it through urination. When the bladder empties, urine flows out of the body through a tube called the urethra at the bottom of the bladder.
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Other Symptoms To Watch For
While they are very good at hiding their illnesses, most cats with blood in their urine understandably do not feel very well. Pet parents may notice behavioral changes in their cats, such as hiding or refusing affection. Cats who are usually warm and friendly may suddenly seem agitated or aggressive due to their discomfort. They may not want to eat, drink, or play like normal.
Pet parents may also notice changes specific to urination. Cats will often cry out in pain or strain while urinating. They may also exhibit inappropriate urination, which means pet parents may find puddles on the floor, on rugs, or on bedding materials. Urinating small amounts frequently is also a common sign to watch for.
Male cats with bladder inflammation may only pass very small amounts of urine or none at all. Pet parents may also notice their male cats straining to pee, which is a medical emergency that requires immediate veterinary attention.
Causes Of Blood In Urine For Men And Women
You may experience blood in your urine for a variety of reasons:
Kidney or bladder stones
A kidney stone is produced through chemicals in your urine. There are four types of hard kidney stones: uric acid, cystine, calcium oxalate, and struvite. By contrast, bladder stones consist of hard minerals lumped together.
Medically, bladder stones are called bladder calculi. Either kidney or bladder stones could cause the blood you see.
Infection of the kidney or bladder
An infection in your kidneys or bladder may cause blood in your urine. If the blood comes from an infection, you may experience other symptoms. For instance, kidney infections may produce fever and chills, or pain in your lower back.
For bladder infections , you could experience fever, burning when you urinate, or belly pain.
If you have blood in your urine from exercise, it is usually harmless. It occurs more often after strenuous exercise in men than in women.
In more serious cases, blood, when you urinate may indicate cancer. Blood is one of the early warning signs of bladder cancer, but it could also indicate kidney cancer. A benign tumor may also cause blood in the urine.
A medical condition, such as sickle cell anemia , is another possible cause for blood in the urine.
Alport syndrome could also cause it. Alport syndrome affects the filtering membranes in the small blood vessels of the kidneys.
Urinary tract infections
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Common Causes Of Blood In Urine
After determining whether or not the coloring in your urine is actually blood, your doctor will likely recommend tests to determine the cause of your hematuria. Many medical conditions and other physical factors can contribute to hematuria, including:
- Bladder Cancer: As discussed, hematuria is the most common symptom of bladder cancer.
- Bladder or Kidney Stones: Bladder and kidney stones are composed of crystals that accumulate on the walls of the bladder and kidneys. Passing these stones can lead to severe pain, as well as gross and microscopic hematuria.
- Urinary Tract Infections: Usual symptoms of urinary tract infections include burning pain and a frequent urge to urinate. However, they can also cause microscopic hematuria.
- Kidney Infections: Like urinary tract infections, kidney infections can lead to hematuria, as well as other symptoms. Kidney infections can also cause fever and pain in the upper abdomen, back and sides.
- Kidney Injuries: If youve recently suffered an impact to one of your kidneys, either through sports or an accident, this injury could cause visible blood in your urine.
- Other Factors: Monthly periods, sexual activity, vigorous exercise and viral illness can all sometimes cause blood to appear in urine.
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Urinalysis Testing For Blood In Urine
Urinalysis can be used to test a patients urine sample for the presence of blood in the urine.1-3 The medical term for the symptom of blood in the urine is hematuria. Many patients diagnosed with bladder cancer have the symptom of blood in the urine that is easily visible, but in some patients the amount of blood is so small that it is not visible to the naked eye. Urinalysis can detect very small amounts of blood in the urine, which can sometimes help to diagnose bladder cancer at an earlier stage, if bladder cancer is present. Urinalysis can also be used to check the levels of other substances, such as sugar, protein, and white blood cells, in a patients urine.
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Possible Complications Of Obstructive Uropathy
What are possible obstructive uropathy complications? Urinary tract obstruction can lead to severe and permanent damage to the kidneys and kidney failure. Pyelonephritis, an infection of one or both kidneys, is common.
Long-term bladder damage may also result when obstructive uropathy is caused by bladder blockage. This is what leads to urine leakage and problems emptying the bladder.
A higher likelihood of recurrent urinary tract infections or cystitis is also common with obstructive uropathy, as well as acute or chronic renal failure and new-onset or poorly controlled hypertension.
People with UTIs may have blood or pus in their urine, fever, and kidney or bladder pain.
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What To Expect At Your Providers Office
When you are seen by a provider, there are several different tests that can help figure out what is going on. These include:
Urine tests: These tests can help confirm the presence of blood, as well as check for things like infection.
Blood tests: These can include a complete blood count, as well as an electrolyte panel, which tests kidney function.
Imaging: Tests like ultrasounds and CT scans can take a closer look at the urinary tract and kidneys. But these are not always necessary to determine the cause of blood in the urine.
In some cases, your provider may suggest you see a medical specialist called a urologist. They can run even more tests if the diagnosis is unclear. This often includes a cystoscopy, which is when they use a tiny camera to look at the bladder.
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You Dont Drink Enough Water
Guzzling H2O will make you go pretty often. And thats a good thing. When you do this, the bacteria gets flushed out before they have a chance to grab hold, Minkin says.
Consider that your cue to make a giant water bottle your BFF. Hooton TM, et al. . Effect of increased daily water intake in premenopausal women with recurrent urinary tract infections: A randomized clinical trial. DOI: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4204
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Can Frequent Urination Be Controlled Or Stopped
Frequent urination can be controlled, and often, stopped over time and with treatment. Your healthcare provider will usually start by determining the cause of your symptom. If the condition can be treated, you should see a decrease in how often you need to urinate. Treatment depends completely on the condition. In cases like a UTI, you may need an antibiotic medication. This may be prescribed by your healthcare provider and you should feel better once you have finished the medication. Other conditions like diabetes or prostate problems will require a trip to see a specialist. The specialist will work with you to manage your symptoms and improve your daily routine. If your healthcare provider has diagnosed you with overactive bladder syndrome, pelvic floor physical therapy may help and there are actually several medications that can be used to calm your bladder. Talk to your healthcare provider about whether or not these might be good options for you.
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When To See A Doctor
Get medical help as soon as you notice any UTI symptoms.
This is especially important if you have blood in your urine. Even if it only happened once or its a small amount, you should still visit a doctor.
When treated promptly, a UTI is easier to clear. Early treatment will help you avoid other complications.
How To Treat A Urinary Tract Bleed:
- If the blood appears after you have been hit, call your doctor. Your doctor will check to see if you have an injury inside your body. You may need an x-ray to be sure that your kidneys are not damaged.
- If the bleeding starts for no known reason, drink more water to flush out your kidneys and bladder. This helps prevent clots which could damage your kidneys or ureters . To flush your system, drink an eight ounce glass of water each hour during the day and one glass every couple of hours at night.
- If you still have symptoms after drinking the water or you think you may need to take factor, call your doctor.
- Rest flat on your back for 24 hours or as your doctor tells you. Get up only to go to the bathroom.
- Dont lift, pull, or push anything heavy for one to two weeks.
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What Natural Supplements Can I Take To Prevent Another Uti
There is little evidence that natural supplements can prevent UTIs, but you can try cranberry supplements or probiotics. Cranberries contain antioxidants that may help prevent bacteria in the urinary tract from sticking to the walls of the urinary tract. Drinking 10 to 30 oz of cranberry juice per day may be beneficial. Probiotics may help prevent UTIs by supporting the bodys natural microorganisms in the flora.
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When To Call A Doctor
Get medical help at once if it hurts to pee and you also have any of these symptoms:
- Belly or back pain
This may mean potentially life-threatening kidney disease, a prostate infection, a bladder or kidney tumor, or a urinary tract stone.
You should also call your doctor if:
- Symptoms return after youâve finished treatment.
- You also have discharge from your or . This may be a sign of a sexually transmitted disease , pelvic inflammatory disease , or other serious infections.
- You have ongoing pain or a hard time peeing. This may also be a sign of an STD, a vaginal infection, a kidney stone, enlargement of the prostate, or a bladder or prostate tumor. Or it could be that the infection is resistant to the antibiotic your doctor prescribed.
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What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Hematuria
Many times, there are no symptoms except blood in your urine. When this happens, your providers may say that youre asymptomatic. If you’re having symptoms, this may include frequent or painful urination or urination that is urgent or needs to happen right away. There can also be associated nausea, vomiting, fevers, chills or pain in your back or lower abdomen.
Although blood in your urine doesnt always mean you have a disease, it can be an important warning sign to a possible health problem.
Dont ever ignore bloody urine. Contact a healthcare provider as soon as you find blood in your urine, as earlier detection for any problem is helpful.
Treatment Options For Uti
UTIs dont go away on their own. In fact, they may get worse, and the infection could spread elsewhere in your body without proper care. Seeking prompt medical care is the best way to stop the infection and prevent UTI complications like kidney infection.
If you notice signs of a UTI, our Advanced Urology team is equipped to diagnose and treat it so you start feeling better. Most acute UTIs resolve with a course of prescription antibiotic medication.
If youre dealing with chronic UTIs or ongoing bladder pain, you may benefit from a longer course of low-dose antibiotics. Our team may recommend at-home urine tests throughout treatment or prescribe medication to take when you have sexual intercourse to help prevent recurrent UTIs.
Be sure to take all of your medication, even if your UTI symptoms disappear during the course of treatment. Finishing your antibiotic is the only way to ensure the infection is gone and avoid UTI complications.
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Who Is At Risk For Blood In Their Urine
People who are most likely to have blood in their urine are those with existing diseases known to cause hematuria, such as infections of the urinary system, urological anatomical abnormalities, family histories of urologic diseases and certain genetic conditions. For instance, you may be more at risk if you have a kidney disease or kidney stones or a family history of kidney disease.
You may also be more at risk if you take certain types of medications, such as blood thinners and some types of pain relievers. This shouldnt delay the same workup if you do see blood in your urine.
However, certain actions may increase your chances of having blood in your urine. These include:
- History of radiation exposure and certain chemicals.
- Occupational risks .
- Exposure to certain chemicals and/or radiation.
- Running or jogging for long distances.
- Vigorous sexual activity.
You may decrease your chances of having blood in your urine by avoiding some of these behaviors. Its true that staying properly hydrated by drinking enough fluids preferably, water is good for your urinary tract and your body. If youre dehydrated, your pee is darker in color. If youre extremely dehydrated, you could possibly have bloody urine.
How Is The Cause Of Hematuria Diagnosed
If youre seeing your doctor for hematuria, theyll ask you about the amount of blood and when you see it during urination. Theyll want to know how often you urinate, any pain youre experiencing, if you see blood clots, and what medications youre taking.
Your doctor will then give you a physical examination and collect a sample of your urine for testing. The analysis of your urine can confirm the presence of blood and detect bacteria if an infection is the cause.
Your doctor may order imaging tests such as a CT scan, which uses radiation to create an image of your body.
Another possible test your doctor may want to do is a cystoscopy. This involves using a small tube to send a camera up your urethra and into your bladder. With the camera, your doctor can examine the interior of your bladder and urethra to determine the cause of your hematuria.
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