What Are The Causes Of Bladder Infections In Men
A bladder infection is also called a UTI or urinary tract infection. This infection occurs due to the retention of urine in the urethral tract which causes irritation and the formation of a narrow track. This blockage leads to an infection.
The cause of Bladder infection is the obstruction of the urinary tract, which can be caused due to various reasons like enlarged prostate gland, injury, or a stone in the kidney.
Some other causes of bladder infections include:
- Frequent sexual intercourse with same or new partners.
- Not urinating immediately after sexual intercourse.
- Chronic diabetes.
- Changes in the urinary system.
- Diagnosed with bladder or kidney infection within the past year.
The problems associated with bladder infection are irritation in the urethra, which leads to painful urination, frequent urge to urinate, nausea, and vomiting.
Botox Injection For Bladder Problems
Botox injection has recently been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of overactive bladder for patients who have failed to respond to standard therapy with anticholinergic medications.
Overactive bladder is a type of urinary incontinence caused by overactivity of the muscles in the bladder, causing frequent squeezing of the bladder and, thus, frequent urge to urinate. Botox can be injected into the bladder directly through a cystoscope .
What Are The Symptoms Of Utis In Men
The UTI can occur in both men and women but men are more prone to this infection. The infections may affect any age group but those who are most vulnerable to bladder infection are children under 5 years of age, pregnant women, and elderly senior people.
Urinary tract infection is a relatively common problem and millions of people are affected by this every year. The urinary tract consists of kidneys and bladder, with both the kidneys and bladder holding urine.
The most common symptom of UTI is an intense urge to urinate even when the bladder is not full.
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Other Types Of Urinary Incontinence
- Overflow incontinence This occurs when a person is unable to empty their bladder completely and it overflows as new urine is produced. It’s often found in people with diabetes or spinal cord injuries.
- Mixed incontinence You show evidence of more than one type.
- Functional incontinence This type of incontinence has less to do with a bladder disorder and more to do with the logistics of getting to a bathroom in time. It’s usually found in elderly or disabled people who have normal or near normal bladder control but cannot get to the toilet in time because of mobility limitations or confusion.
- Nocturia The need to urinate twice or more during the night, usually affecting men and women over the age of 60. In men, nocturia can be a symptom of an enlarged prostate.
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What Is Urinary Incontinence Symptoms Causes Diagnosis Treatment And Prevention
Urinary incontinence , the involuntary loss of urine, is a very common condition that no one wants to talk about. Because of the stigma that surrounds it, many people are too humiliated to seek help. But most conditions that cause UI can be corrected with medical or alternative interventions.
Occurring much more often in women than men, UI happens when the muscles in the bladder that control the flow of urine contract or relax involuntarily, resulting in leaks or uncontrolled urination. UI itself is not a disease, but it can be a symptom of an underlying medical issue.
What Are The Symptoms Of Bladder Infections In Men
Bladder infections are a common problem in men that is highly misunderstood. There are many varieties of bladder infections, and each one has a different cause and effect. The most common variety is due to acute bacterial infection which occurs when there is an imbalance of bacteria in the urinary tract. Once the balance of healthy bacteria is disturbed, it allows for the multiplication of the infection-causing bacteria. Below are some of the common symptoms of bladder infections:
- Frequent urination.
- Cloudy urine with a strong odor.
- Blood in the urine .
- Trouble urinating, especially if you have a problem with your prostate.
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Cholinergic Drugs For Bladder Problems
This class of drugs includes bethanechol . Cholinergic refers to nerve cells or fibers that use a certain type of chemical to send signals within the body. Cholinergic drugs are used when the bladder is not emptied completely following urination. This problem is known as residual urine in the bladder.
- How cholinergic drugs work: These drugs contract the bladder, thus allowing complete emptying.
- Who should not use these medications: Individuals with the following conditions should not use cholinergic drugs:
- Parkinson’s disease
- Bladder or bowel obstruction
Behavioral Modification For The Treatment Of Overactive Bladder
Various types of behavioral modifications may also be recommended for the treatment of overactive bladder. Examples include:
- Dietary Changes: Decreasing water consumption throughout the day can help reduce leakage, as can avoiding substances that irritate the bladder, such as caffeine, fruit juices, and spicy foods.
- Bladder Retraining: This method uses a set schedule for urination throughout the day. Between these times, no urination is allowed, even if leaks occur. The goal is to increase the time between bathroom visits to three to four hours.
- Electrical Stimulation and Biofeedback: This technique provides information about when a patient is squeezing the muscles of her pelvic floor. A sensor is placed in the vagina or anus so that pelvic floor muscle contractions can be recorded. Exercises can help strengthen weak pelvic floor muscles, and if they don’t respond, electrical stimulation can activate the appropriate muscles.
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What Else Causes Bladder Control Problems In Women
- pregnancy and childbirth
Weak pelvic floor muscles can make it hard for your bladder to hold urine in during stress incontinence. Stress incontinence occurs when an actioncoughing, sneezing, laughing, or physical activityputs pressure on your bladder and causes urine to leak. A weak pelvic floor can also cause fecal incontinence, or bowel control problems.
Who Is At Risk For Urinary Incontinence
In adults, you are at higher risk of developing UI if you:
- Are female, especially after going through pregnancy, childbirth, and/or menopause
- Are older. As you age, your urinary tract muscles weaken, making it harder to hold in urine.
- Are a man with prostate problems
- Have certain health problems, such as diabetes, obesity, or long-lasting constipation
- Are a smoker
- Have a birth defect that affects the structure of your urinary tract
In children, bedwetting is more common in younger children, boys, and those whose parents wet the bed when they were children.
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Common Causes Of Urinary Incontinence In Men:
The following are common causes of urinary incontinence:
Risk Factors For Urinary Incontinence
The following factors may put you at higher risk for developing UI.
Being female Women experience stress incontinence twice as often as men. Men, on the other hand, are at greater risk for urge and overflow incontinence.
Advancing age As we get older, our bladder and urinary sphincter muscles often weaken, which may result in frequent and unexpected urges to urinate. Even though incontinence is more common in older people, it is not considered a normal part of aging.
Excess body fat Extra body fat increases the pressure on the bladder and can lead to urine leakage during exercise or when coughing or sneezing.
Other chronic diseases Vascular disease, kidney disease, diabetes, prostate cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and other conditions may increase the risk of urinary incontinence
Smoking A chronic smoker’s cough can trigger or aggravate stress incontinence by putting pressure on the urinary sphincter.
High-impact sports While sports don’t cause incontinence, running, jumping, and other activities that create sudden pressure on the bladder can lead to occasional episodes of incontinence during sports activities.
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How Successful Is Treatment For Urinary Incontinence
The outlook is promising for urinary incontinence treatment. About 80% of people with urinary incontinence can improve or even be cured. The best outcome depends, of course, on getting the correct diagnosis and following your doctor’s advice to help improve your condition.
American Academy of Family Physicians: “Urinary Incontinence: Embarrassing but Treatable.”
Jennifer Anger, MD, MPH, urologist, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles.
Amy Rosenman, MD, co-author, The Incontinence Solution, urogynecologist, Santa Monica, CA, associate clinical professor, UCLA.
National Library of Medicine MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: “Urge Incontinence.”
Halina Zynczynski, MD, director, division of Urogynecology and Reconstructive Pelvic Surgery, Magee-Women’s Hospital, associate professor of obstetrics and gynecology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA.
American Family Physician: “Selecting Medications for the Treatment of Urinary Incontinence.”
National Association for Continence: “Treatment Options for Incontinence.”
American Urological Association: “Diagnosis and Treatment of Overactive Bladder in Adults: AUA/SUFU Guideline.”
Global Library of Women’s Medicine.
Rovner, E. Rev Urol., 2004
How To Manage Incontinence
There are a number of incontinence products on the market, which can help you manage your incontinence while waiting for treatment to take effect, or if waiting for surgery. Such products include:
Absorbent products, including incontinence pads or pants
Handheld urinals, for use with urge incontinence when you have no access to a toilet
The urinal funnel, a device that fits over the end of the penis and drains into a bag that’s worn under your clothing
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How Is Urinary Incontinence Diagnosed
Your health care provider may use many tools to make a diagnosis:
- A medical history, which includes asking about your symptoms. Your provider may ask you to keep a bladder diary for a few days before your appointment. The bladder diary includes how much and when you drink liquids, when and how much you urinate, and whether you leak urine.
- A physical exam, which can include a rectal exam. Women may also get a pelvic exam.
- Urine and/or blood tests
- Imaging tests
Treatments For Male Urinary Incontinence
There are a number of treatment approaches for urinary incontinence to improve bladder control for men, depending on how severe it is and its underlying cause. A combination of treatments might be necessary. There are several categories of medications to treat overactive bladder and relax the bladder muscles and medications for men with incontinence caused by an enlarged prostate. Neuromodulation techniques include percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation, Botox injections in the bladder, and Interstim implantation. When indicated, surgical procedures are available to help alleviate incontinence issues.
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Do Bladder Control Products Help To Strengthen A Weak Bladder
Bladder control products are natural dietary supplements that help strengthen your bladder without synthetic ingredients and potentially harmful chemicals. These products contain herbs, plants, and other compounds that have been used for centuries to address these problems.
Not only they alleviate incontinence, but they also support urinary tract health and provide more strength to bladder muscles. At the same time, these products stimulate the excretion of fluids from the body while alleviating pain, discomfort, and other symptoms you experience. Potent herbs remove toxins that would otherwise damage your bladder, urinary tract, and overall health.
There is no simple yes or no answer to the question of whether these products work. Not all bladder control supplements are equal. Some of them work, others do not. It all depends on the product you buy, so you need to pay extra attention when choosing these items.
Top Rated Bladder Control Products Of 2021
Now that you know more about weak bladder control and how to tackle it, youre ready to buy a product that will help you avoid these issues. Before you get to see top-rated products, its important to learn how to avoid scams and find a supplement that truly works.
All you need to do is to take some factors into consideration. They are:
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Medicines For Urinary Incontinence In Men
If other options don’t pan out, you may decide to try medicine. There are several medications available to discuss with your doctor. Some pills can relax your bladder. Your doctor may relax your bladder by injecting it with Botox. Other medicines can strengthen the muscles of your urethra that control when you go. Some drugs help your kidneys produce less urine at night.
Urinary Incontinence In Men
Adjunct Instructor of Pharmacy PracticeUniversity of Southern California School of PharmacyLos Angeles, California
US Pharm. 2021 46:4-9.
ABSTRACT: Urinary incontinence is an involuntary leakage of urine, and various types of male UI differ in their etiologies, clinical manifestations, and treatments. While working with patients, pharmacists should be aware that men may be reluctant to bring incontinence to the attention of their clinician. The work-up of transient UI typically involves identifying possible reversible causes and often implicates drug classes that impair urine flow, bladder contractions, or cognition. Adjunctive and nonpharmacologic care may be used initially, but more severe symptoms require medications and/or surgery, depending on the patients preference and predominating symptomology.
Urinary incontinence is the loss of bladder control. It affects many men and impacts their quality of life.1 One in five men with symptoms of UI were likely to seek care, and men were only half as likely as women to seek care .2,3 Pharmacists are in ideal positions to engage with male patients about their health and wellbeing. They can discuss medications and provide guidance on an earlier referral.
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Evaluation Of Men With Frequent Urination At Night
A comprehensive evaluation of men includes urine testing, ultrasound of the bladder and kidneys, urodynamic testing, and cystoscopy. PSA test is also typically ordered.
Treatment of men with excessive urination at night.
Treatment is guided by the findings of diagnostic testing. The most common cause of frequent urination at night in men is urinary tract obstruction from an enlarged prostate. Many men also experience overactive bladder as a result of an enlarged prostate.
Medical, minimally invasive, as well as surgical treatment of enlarged prostate, is effective at treating the causes of frequent urination at night.
Use Of Myrbetriq And Important Safety Information
Do not take MYRBETRIQ® if you are allergic to mirabegron or any ingredients in MYRBETRIQ. MYRBETRIQ may cause your blood pressure to increase or make your blood pressure worse if you have a history of high blood pressure. You and your doctor should check your blood pressure while you are taking MYRBETRIQ.
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Treating Urinary Incontinence In Men
Find out more about the different types of male incontinence & what can help
Urinary incontinence can be a distressing problem for some people, but it’s very common and there are various ways to help treat it. Read on for more about the types and causes of urinary incontinence as well as information on available treatments.