Who Is More Likely To Develop Prostatitis
The factors that affect a mans chances of developing prostatitis differ depending on the type.
Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Men with nerve damage in the lower urinary tract due to surgery or trauma may be more likely to develop chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Psychological stress may also increase a mans chances of developing the condition.
Acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis. Men with lower UTIs may be more likely to develop bacterial prostatitis. UTIs that recur or are difficult to treat may lead to chronic bacterial prostatitis.
Warning Signs & Symptoms Of Bladder Cancer
Bladder cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in males. It is actually the most recurrent diagnosis of urologic cancer, and it is widespread in countries of North and South America, Asia, and Europe.
The bladder is a structure from the urinary tract that collects the urine that initially comes from the kidneys and is transported into the bladder by the ureters. When the storage capacity of the bladder is met, we feel the urge to pass urine.
Bladder cancer develops when the linings of the bladder start to grow without any control. It mostly affects males, and when such growth is aggressive, it may spread quickly to other organs and cause metastasis. Therefore, it is vital to be able to identify bladder cancer from the start to be able to look for professional help if needed.
For that purpose, heres a list of the 10 most important warning signs and symptoms of bladder cancer.
What Are The Symptoms
These vary from person to person with IC. They can change every day or week or linger for months or years. They might even go away without any treatment.
- Bladder pressure and pain that gets worse as your bladder fills up.
- Pain in your lower tummy, lower back, pelvis, or urethra
- For women, pain in the vulva, , or the area behind the
- For men, pain in the scrotum, testicles, , or the area behind the scrotum
- The need to pee often
- The feeling you need to pee right now, even right after you go
- For women, pain during sex
- For men, pain during or after sex
The bladder pain people feel with IC can range from a dull ache to piercing pain. Peeing may feel like just a little sting, or it can feel like serious burning.
About 5% to 10% of people with the condition get ulcers in their bladder.
Things that might make symptoms worse:
- Some foods or drinks
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Why Does Bladder Cancer Happen
Most cases of bladder cancer appear to be caused by exposure to harmful substances, which lead to abnormal changes in the bladderâs cells over many years.
Tobacco smoke is a common cause and itâs estimated that half of all cases of bladder cancer are caused by smoking.
Contact with certain chemicals previously used in manufacturing is also known to cause bladder cancer. However, these substances have since been banned.
How Doctors Diagnose The Cause Of Bladder Pressure
If you have bladder pressure and feel like you need to urinate frequently, its a good idea to make an appointment with your doctor. In some cases, these symptoms may be signs of a UTI. If you truly have IC, your doctor should still be able to help.
Your doctor may ask you to start keeping a log of your symptoms to bring to your appointment. You should write down how much you drink, how much you urinate, and any pain or pressure you experience.
At your appointment, you will first assess your medical history. Theyll also perform a pelvic exam and test a urine sample to rule out infection.
Other tests include:
Cystoscopy: Your doctor will insert a thin tube into your urethra to look at the inside of your bladder. Youll be numbed beforehand, so this procedure shouldnt hurt.
Biopsy: Your doctor will put you under anesthesia. Then, theyll take some tissue from your bladder and urethra for examination. Your doctor will check the tissue for symptoms of bladder cancer and other causes of pain.
Urine cytology: This urine sample test allows your doctor to examine the cells for cancer.
Potassium sensitivity test: After placing water and potassium chloride into your bladder, your doctor will ask you to rate your pain and need to urinate on a scale from 0 to 5. People with normal bladders usually cant tell a difference between the two solutions. If youre more sensitive to the potassium chloride, it may indicate IC.
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Symptoms Of Kidney Stones
Kidney stones do not constantly cause symptoms. When theyre small, they may pass on their own without pain. However, big stones might obstruct urine circulation, which can cause a number of painful symptoms that can be severe.
This can happen when a kidney stone ends up being stuck in the ureter, which is the tube that connects your bladder to your kidneys. However, the size of the stone does not constantly represent the intensity of the pain.
In some cases, a kidney can lodge in a specific area in your kidney and cause discomfort. The pain a kidney stone causes can differ as it moves around in your kidney and down the ureter.
Health Check Certified By: Dr. Gerald Morris
A nasty and uncomfortable kidney infection results when bacteria enter via the bladder and ascend to invade one or both kidneys. A kidney infection, medically known as pyelonephritis, wont cause serious kidney damage if treated early.
Here are the 11 most telling signs that youve fallen victim to a kidney infection
Determining The Stage And Extent Of Your Cancer
Once your physician confirms you have cancer of the bladder, they might recommend additional testing to determine if the cancer has spread to other areas of your body, like your lymph nodes.
Testing might include:
The doctor will use the information from this testing to determine the stage of your cancer. The bladder cancer stages are indicated by a 0 to IV range of Roman numerals. The lowest cancer stages indicate itâs confined to your bladderâs inner layers and hasnât begun affecting your muscular bladder wall. Stage IV, the highest stage, indicates the cancer has begun spreading to distant organs and lymph nodes of your body.
The cancer stages system is continually evolving and becoming more complex with the improvement of cancer diagnosis and treatment. The stage of cancer you have will also determine which treatment will serve you best.
For more information on bladder cancer stages, please refer to the American Cancer Society website.
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How We Treat Bladder Pain
At Urology Center of Florida, we provide you with the most innovative and effective methods for treating your urological problems. When it comes to bladder pain, we perform a comprehensive exam, with imaging and testing, to determine the root cause.
Treatment for bladder pain doesnt follow one prescribed path, and a variety of treatment options can be combined to get the best outcome for you, including:
- Nerve stimulation through electrical devices
- Surgery to relieve pain and expand your bladders capacity
- Distention, meaning to stretch your bladders capacity with water
- Physical therapy
If youre suffering from unexplained bladder pain, it could be interstitial cystitis. For a diagnosis or to learn more about your treatment options, call us to schedule an exam or book your appointment on our website today.
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Oh My Aching Bladder: Is It A Uti Or Ic
OH MY ACHING BLADDER: IS IT A UTI OR IC?
One in five women will have at least one urinary tract infection in her lifetime, according to the National Kidney Foundation. And, if youve ever had a urinary tract infection, you are all too familiar with the burning urination and constant feeling of needing to go to the bathroom. But, did you know that some of the symptoms of a UTI are similar or the same as symptoms women experience when they have interstitial cystitis or painful bladder syndrome? How is a woman to know if its a UTI or painful bladder syndrome?
What is a Urinary Tract Infection ?
A UTI is an infection of the urinary tract, most commonly affecting the bladder and the urethra . When bacteria gets into the urethra and travels to the bladder, a UTI is often the result. With a UTI, the bladder lining also becomes red, swollen and inflamed.
Common symptoms of a UTI include:
- Urinary urgency or the feeling that you need to urinate often. You may have to run to the bathroom several times per hour only to find you urinate only a few drops.
- A burning sensation when urinating.
- Abdominal pain, pelvic pressure and/or lower back pain. You may experience lower abdominal discomfort, bloating and/or feel pressure in the lower pelvic area, especially when urinating.
- Blood in the urine. Urine can appear to have a reddish or dark orange tiny, which signifies blood in the urine from the infection.
- Cloudy urine that has an odor
- Fever and/or chills
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When To Make An Appointment With Your Urologist
Bladder cancer may be overlooked in women because its easy to chalk up symptoms to a stubborn UTI or normal vaginal spotting. Unfortunately, this means women are often diagnosed after the cancer has spread and become harder to treat. So if youre worried, dont just write off your symptoms. Call your doctor to determine if its a minor infection or something more serious. If it is bladder cancer, its easier to treat if you catch it early.
If you would like to talk to a urologist, you can see if we have a location near you or you can contact us to ask a question or make an appointment.
Not Being Able To Empty Your Bladder
If you’re unable to empty your bladder fully, any bacteria that get inside may not be flushed out when you go to the toilet and can multiply more easily.
You may not be able to empty your bladder fully if:
- you have a blockage in your urinary system, such as a bladder stone
- you’re pregnant, as the baby may be pressing on your bladder
- you have an enlarged prostate gland that presses on the urethra
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Is It Safe To Take Antibiotics Long
While there are some common side effects and risk for creating antibiotic-resistant bacteria, it is safe to take antibiotics preventively under the guidance of your physician.
If you have recurring UTIs , you may benefit from a low-dose prophylactic antibiotic, Dr. Sussman said. Some may require intermittent treatment at the sign of symptoms, while others may require a single dose after sexual intercourse or when symptoms occur. However, its important you discuss the underlying causes with your doctor before being prescribed antibiotics prophylactically.
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Can People Diagnose It Themselves
A person cannot officially diagnose themselves with a bladder prolapse, though they may be able to determine and feel that the bladder has dropped, particularly if it is severe. It is a good idea to consult a doctor if they suspect a prolapse or notice any signs or symptoms that may indicate a prolapsed bladder.
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How Is Prostatitis Treated
Treatment depends on the type of prostatitis.
Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Treatment for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome aims to decrease pain, discomfort, and inflammation. A wide range of symptoms exists and no single treatment works for every man. Although antibiotics will not help treat nonbacterial prostatitis, a urologist may prescribe them, at least initially, until the urologist can rule out a bacterial infection. A urologist may prescribe other medications:
- 5-alpha reductase inhibitors such as finasteride and dutasteride
- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugsalso called NSAIDssuch as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen sodium
- CANS such as chondroitin sulfate
- muscle relaxants such as cyclobenzaprine and clonazepam
- neuromodulators such as amitriptyline, nortriptyline , and pregabalin
Alternative treatments may include
- warm baths, called sitz baths
- local heat therapy with hot water bottles or heating pads
- physical therapy, such as
- Kegel exercisestightening and relaxing the muscles that hold urine in the bladder and hold the bladder in its proper position. Also called pelvic muscle exercises.
- myofascial releasepressing and stretching, sometimes with cooling and warming, of the muscles and soft tissues in the lower back, pelvic region, and upper legs. Also known as myofascial trigger point release.
Pressure On Bladder: Remedies And Treatment
In addition to medical treatments needed for infections and cancer, there are lots of home treatments for pressure on the bladder. Some of these treatments consist of:
1. Usage prescription antibiotics for infection
If you have think you have an infection , see your healthcare provider who will recommend an antibiotic for the infection. In addition, make use of some of the home treatments to assist the pressure on the bladder.
2. Take analgesic
Over-the-counter pain medications such as acetaminophen, aspirin and ibuprofen can assist alleviate the pain and inflammation which will assist with the bladder pressure.
3. Consume cranberry juice
Cranberry juice is believed to fight urinary system infections that are a leading reason for pressure on the bladder. The active ingredients in cranberry juice are not destroyed by the digestive process so can fight versus bacteria in the urine.
4. Drink water
Consume lots of water each day. Unless you have a medical condition that restricts you from drinking water, attempt to take in a minimum of 8 glasses of water each day. This will help flush dangerous bacteria from your bladder.
5. Prevent bladder-irritating drinks
On the other hand, attempt to avoid or restrict your intake of alcohol, caffeine and other citrus juices that may irritate your bladder.
6. Use heat pads
A heating pad or wet warm compress on your lower abdominal areas might assist to ease spasms that may be triggering the pressure on your bladder.
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Bladder Pain Diagnosis And Screening
Diagnosis of interstitial cystitis can be challenging. Many people with interstitial cystitis present with complaints of chronic pelvic pain as well. Due to the many potential causes of pain in the lower pelvis, the diagnosis may be harder to determine in these cases.
To properly identify the cause of your bladder pain, your doctor may use one or several diagnostic tools:
- A urine test to check for an underlying infection
- Biopsy to examine a small tissue sample taken from the bladder wall
- Complete medical history
- Cystoscopy, a brief procedure performed commonly in the office to examine the bladder and urethra using a camera
- Physical evaluation, including a pelvic exam
- Potassium sensitivity test to measure whether pain response is higher to potassium compared to regular water
Your doctor may also ask you to keep a bladder diary to track your fluid intake and urine volume.
What You Can Do
Lifestyle changes can help keep your gallbladder shipshape.
Load up on fiber and cut back on sugar and carbs. Problems with your gallbladder often can be traced back to too much cholesterol — a fat from meat, dairy, and other animal sources. But donât be afraid of good unsaturated fats from foods like olive and canola oil, salmon and other fatty fish, and nuts.
Exercise regularly. Aim for 30 minutes of brisk walking and other moderate workouts every day.
Keep a healthy weight. If youâre heavy, aim to lose pounds slowly and avoid fasting. Otherwise, it can make the level of cholesterol in your gallbladder go up.
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Discomfort In The Sides
This is due to inflammation, Dr. Mohan says. The kidneys are covered with a capsule and it becomes engorged if there is an infection. The nerves of the capsule become activated and cause pain, Dr. Mohan adds. Some patients have complained of sharp pain just below the ribs where the kidneys sit. Sometime that uncomfortable feeling moves to the lower abdomen. That kind of pain is sometimes followed by tenderness.
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Treatments For Kidney Infections
Kidney infections in men or women will typically require antibiotics. Donât rely on home remedies alone to take care of kidney infections.
Usually, doctors will prescribe empiric antibiotics to cover all the bases of potential bacteria that initially caused the infection until they can target the specific bacteria causing the infection.
A variety of available antibiotics are usually prescribed for at least a full week. Normally, you wonât require a stay at a hospital for a kidney infection if you can move around and consistently keep down oral antibiotics.
If you exhibit severe symptoms, including kidney infection symptoms or back pain, or cannot keep down the medication due to constant vomiting, you may be hospitalized so that your doctor may administer antibiotics and fluids intravenously.
Pregnant women are most at risk of needing such additional care and may be recommended to stay in the hospital for careful monitoring.
Other people that may require hospital stays as a result of kidney infections include those with sickle cell anemia, people aged 60 or over, patients in severe pain, and those experiencing severe vomiting.
If the kidney infection progresses enough to create an abscess in the kidney, you may require more serious treatment.
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Causes Of Pain In Liver Area That Comes And Goes
Our content is not intended nor recommended as a substitute for medical advice by your doctor. Use for informational purposes only.
Pain in the liver area is not often due to liver diseases. Most liver diseases such as fatty liver disease, chronic hepatitis, and liver cirrhosis are painless.
Pain in the liver area can arise from other closely related organs such as:
- The gallbladder: as with gallstones, acute cholecystitis.
- The bile ducts include bile duct obstructions, acute cholangitis, and sphincter of Oddi dysfunction.
- The right colon, as with Irritable bowel syndrome, IBS, infections, etc.
- And rarely the liver as with acute hepatitis, liver congestion, portal vein thrombosis, Budd-Chiari syndrome, etc.
Today, We will discuss the common possible causes of pain in the liver area that comes and goes.