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What Causes An Overactive Bladder In Females

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Should I Drink Less Water Or Other Fluids If I Have Urinary Incontinence

What is Overactive Bladder Syndrome?

No. Many people with urinary incontinence think they need to drink less to reduce how much urine leaks out. But you need fluids, especially water, for good health.

Women need 91 ounces of fluids a day from food and drinks.11 Getting enough fluids helps keep your kidneys and bladder healthy, prevents urinary tract infections, and prevents constipation, which may make urinary incontinence worse.

After age 60, people are less likely to get enough water, putting them at risk for dehydration and conditions that make urinary incontinence worse.12

Can Nerve Stimulation Help Overactive Bladder

Yes, nerve stimulation can help improve OAB. Your nerves help tell your brain that your bladder is full. By treating your nerves, you can improve your bladder control.

Nerve stimulation is a reversible treatment. Healthcare providers only recommend it if other treatments dont work.

There are several types of nerve stimulation treatments. These include:

Sacral nerve stimulation

Sacral nerve stimulation is a therapy that electrically stimulates the nerves that control your bladder.

A healthcare provider will implant a small device called a neurotransmitter under the skin near your upper buttock area. The neurotransmitter sends mild electrical impulses through a wire near your sacral nerve. Your sacral nerve is a nerve in your lower back. The impulses help you control your bladder.

Sacral nerve stimulation can reduce the number of times you have to use the bathroom or the number of times you accidentally leak pee. Its overall very effective. Its also an outpatient procedure, so you can go home afterward.

Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation

Percutaneous tibial stimulation sends small nerve impulses to a nerve branch near your ankle. It helps stimulate bladder control.

Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation is an outpatient procedure. Many people need 12 weekly sessions and then monthly maintenance sessions afterward.

Botulinum toxin injections

Botox® is the most well-known botulinum toxin brand. A healthcare provider injects Botox into your bladder wall using a cystoscope.

Urinary Incontinence In Women: What You Need To Know

  • Urinary incontinence is the accidental loss of urine.

  • Over 25 million adult Americans experience temporary or chronic urinary incontinence.

  • This condition can occur at any age, but it is more common in women over the age of 50.

  • There are four types of urinary incontinence: urgency, stress, functional and overflow incontinence.

  • Behavioral therapies, medications, nerve stimulation and surgery are some of the treatments available for managing urinary incontinence.

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What Is Frequent Urination And How Many Times Should You Pee In A Day

Frequent urination means needing to urinate more times than usual in a typical day. Every woman goes on her own schedule, but generally, peeing 6-8 times in 24 hours is considered normal for someone who is healthy, and isnt pregnant. If youre going more often than that, you may be experiencing frequent urination.

Frequent urination can happen on its own and isnt always a sign of a health problem. But if it appears along with other symptoms, like fever or a burning sensation when you pee, your doctor will want to consider possible links to other pelvic health conditions. Either way, understanding why you have to pee so much is the first step toward getting relief. And often, personalized treatment can help stop frequent urination and let you get back to life on your own schedule.

What Are The Treatments For An Overactive Bladder

Overactive bladder

Once tests have been done to determine the cause your overactive bladder, your doctor will suggest a solution that will alleviate your symptoms and minimise any side effects. And while the goal is obviously to find a simple, effective solution, it could be one or a combination of treatments including lifestyle changes, medications and/or surgery.

Lifestyle changes

  • Bladder Training and Scheduled Voiding This method teaches the bladder to steadily hold urine over time, which can help build a tolerance to the urgency that comes with an overactive bladder.
  • Double Voiding This involves urinating twice within a few minutes in between to void any residual urine in the bladder.
  • Kegel exercises These are pelvic exercises to help manage urge incontinence in an overactive bladder by helping strengthen the muscles of the pelvic floor and urinary sphincter.
  • Fluid and Diet Management including:
  • maintaining a schedule of the timing and amount of daily fluid intake
  • limiting caffeine and acidic drinks such as coffee, cranberry and citrus juices
  • limiting alcohol
  • eating foods high in fibre, such as flaxseed, or taking fibre supplements.
  • maintaining a healthy weight and a healthy body mass index
  • Intermittent Catheterisation This can be done at home and involves inserting a thin tube into the urethra each time you need to urinate. This procedure is quite invasive, so we recommend you speak with your doctor first to see if this procedure right for you.
  • Medications

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    Causes Of Total Incontinence

    Total incontinence is when your bladder cannot store any urine at all. It can mean you either pass large amounts of urine constantly, or you pass urine occasionally with frequent leaking in between.

    Total incontinence can be caused by:

    • a problem with your bladder from birth
    • injury to your spinal cord this can disrupt the nerve signals between your brain and your bladder

    Causes Of Urge Incontinence

    The urgent and frequent need to pass urine can be caused by a problem with the detrusor muscles in the walls of your bladder.

    The detrusor muscles relax to allow the bladder to fill with urine, then contract when you go to the toilet to let the urine out.

    Sometimes the detrusor muscles contract too often, creating an urgent need to go to the toilet. This is known as having an overactive bladder.

    The reason your detrusor muscles contract too often may not be clear, but possible causes include:

    • drinking too much alcohol or caffeine
    • not drinking enough fluids this can cause strong, concentrated urine to collect in your bladder, which can irritate the bladder and cause symptoms of overactivity

    Overflow incontinence may also be caused by your detrusor muscles not fully contracting, which means your bladder does not completely empty when you urinate. As a result, the bladder becomes stretched.

    Your detrusor muscles may not fully contract if:

    • theres damage to your nerves for example, as a result of surgery to part of your bowel or a spinal cord injury
    • youre taking certain medicines

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    What Causes An Overactive Bladder

    The exact cause of an overactive bladder is a mystery. However, several factors are known to contribute to the involuntary contraction of the bladder muscle, improper bladder function, and other symptoms associated with an overactive bladder.

    Some nervous system abnormalities that can cause an overactive bladder include:

    • Spinal cord injury

    Other causes of overactive bladder can include:

    • Nerve damage or trauma caused by surgery or certain therapies
    • Trauma to the pelvis or abdomen
    • Urinary Tract Infection
    • Bladder cancer/tumours
    • Enlarged prostate

    There are also several risk factors that can increase the chances of an overactive bladder. These include:

    • Age the risk of overactive bladder increases as you age
    • Gender women tend to be more susceptible than men because menstruation, pregnancy and menopause all lead to a rise in oestrogen levels and weaker pelvic floor muscles. For men, an enlarged prostate or damage from prostate surgery can cause an overactive bladder.
    • Obesity increased weight puts additional pressure on the bladder.
    • Diabetes can affect the nerves that control bladder function.
    • Pregnancy causes excess pressure on the bladder.
    • Spinal injury damage to the spinal cord can disrupt signals sent to the bladder, causing involuntary contract of bladder muscles.

    How Bad Is It

    5 Tips to Treat Urinary Urgency|Best Treatment Overactive Bladder-Dr.Girish Nelivigi|Doctors’ Circle

    Your doctor may ask you questions to help figure out how much OAB is affecting your life. For example, you could rate on a scale of 1 to 5 how much you’ve been bothered by things like accidental leaks, lots of daytime bathroom breaks, and waking up at night to go. Your doctor might also ask you to keep a voiding diary of your bathroom trips.

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    How Can I Reduce My Risk Of Developing Overactive Bladder

    Lifestyle adjustments can help reduce your risk of developing an overactive bladder. These may include:

    • Maintaining a weight thats healthy for you.
    • Drinking caffeine and alcohol in moderation.
    • Drinking the proper amount of fluids each day. Too many fluids can worsen your symptoms, while not drinking enough can irritate your bladder lining and increase the severity of your urges.
    • Exercising regularly.
    • Performing Kegels or other pelvic floor exercises.
    • Managing conditions that may cause OAB, such as diabetes or UTIs.

    Can Overactive Bladder Be Controlled

    Overactive bladder therapy can be challenging to manage. However, many people are very satisfied with the treatment they receive and they often see a dramatic improvement in their quality of life. Your doctor will guide you to the best steps to begin with and give you options for any additional treatments you may need over time.

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    Consuming Alcohol Caffeine Or Other Diuretics

    A diuretic is something that makes you urinate more frequently than normal. Youre probably familiar with common diuretics like alcohol and caffeine . Artificial sweeteners can also act as diuretics. So can acidic foods and drinks, like those that contain citrus fruits or tomatoes.

    If you consume any of these regularly, youll likely make more trips to the bathroom. In addition, frequent urination can be a side effect of taking certain medications to treat other conditions like those to control high blood pressure.

    How Soon After Starting Kegel Exercises Will Urinary Incontinence Get Better

    Overactive bladder

    It may take 4 to 6 weeks before you notice any improvement in your symptoms.10

    Kegel exercises work differently for each person. Your symptoms may go away totally, you may notice an improvement in your symptoms but still have some leakage, or you may not see any improvement at all. But even if your symptoms dont get better, Kegel exercises can help prevent your incontinence from getting worse.

    You may need to continue doing Kegel exercises for the rest of your life. Even if your symptoms improve, urinary incontinence can come back if you stop doing the exercises.

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    Another Oab Surgical Option

    When nothing else has worked, bladder augmentation uses a patch of your own tissue to make your bladder bigger. But this is considered major surgery, and the procedure is rarely performed. Most people find a combination of lifestyle changes and other treatments that control their OAB.

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    Weakened Pelvic Floor Muscles

    Your pelvic floor muscles hold up many of the organs in your urinary system, including your bladder. If these muscles weaken, organs can slip slightly out of place and lead to more frequent urination. Vaginal childbirth is one way the pelvic floor muscles can become strained and start to lose their strength. Aging may also lead to pelvic floor muscles weakening.

    If weakened pelvic floor muscles are causing your frequent urination, your primary care doctor or OB-GYN can work with you to understand your symptoms, make treatment recommendations and, if needed, connect you with a urogynecologist .

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    Symptoms Of Overactive Bladder And Diagnosis

    The most common symptoms of overactive bladder are urinary frequency and the sudden urge to urinate. If a woman is urinating more than eight times a day, this might be a symptom of OAB. Waking up in the middle of the night to urinate often indicates OAB, as well.

    A urologist or urogynecologist may perform a number of tests to diagnosis OAB. These may include:

    • Physical exam, medical history review and symptom questionnaire.
    • Bladder stress test, performed by filling up the bladder and having the patient cough to ascertain how much urine leaks.
    • Postvoid residual volume test checks if the bladder is actually fully emptying by inserting a catheter through the urethra and into the bladder after urination. The catheter measures any remaining urine.
    • Urodynamic testing is a series of tests typically reserved for unusual cases and primarily measures urine flow to test for obstruction as well as evaluating urge sensation.
    • Urinalysis screens for the presence of bacteria and may rule out other similar conditions such as a UTI.
    • Cystoscopy examines the inside of the bladder by placing a long thin tube with a magnifying glass up the urethra.

    Incontinence In Alzheimer’s Disease

    Overactive Bladder

    People in the later stages of Alzheimers disease often have problems with urinary incontinence. This can be a result of not realizing they need to urinate, forgetting to go to the bathroom, or not being able to find the toilet. These tips may help:

    • Avoid drinks like caffeinated coffee, tea, and sodas, which may increase urination. But dont limit water.
    • Keep hallways clear and the bathroom clutter-free, with a light on at all times.
    • Provide regular bathroom breaks.
    • Use underwear that is easy to get on and off, and absorbent briefs or underwear for trips away from home.

    Visit Alzheimers Disease: Common Medical Problems for more tips.

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    A Urinary Tract Infection

    Most women have at least one urinary tract infection at some point in their lives. UTIs happen when bacteria or something else infects parts of your urinary system, which includes your bladder, urethra and kidneys. Besides frequent urination, signs of a UTI include fever, a burning feeling when you pee, discolored urine and constantly feeling like you need to pee . You may also feel bladder pressure or discomfort in your back or around your pelvis.

    Overactive Bladder And Urge Urinary Incontinence In The Workplace

    Any discussion of the effects of OAB and urge urinary incontinence in younger women has to consider the effects of these disorders in the workplace. Incontinence in working-age women has genuine economic consequences. Fultz and colleagues27 conducted a mail survey of women born in 1947 or earlier to assess their time use and activity patterns, including time spent at work. Incontinent women reported significantly fewer hours working for pay than did continent women. The median number of hours

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    Overactive Bladder Causes Treatments And Home Remedies

    Written byDr. Victor MarchionePublished onApril 30, 2016

    Overactive bladder, or OAB, affects about 15 percent of the North American population. People who have OAB find themselves using the bathroom eight or more times a day and can even have urge incontinence involuntary loss of urine. Although it may appear that the older we get, the odds of us developing OAB increase, it really is not age-related. OAB occurs when contractions of the detrusor muscle within the wall of the bladder occur involuntarily. This, in turn, leads to more frequent trips to the bathroom.

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    Is There Any Available Treatment For Overactive Bladder

    Overactive Bladder Prevalence in Women in the United States

    There are several available treatment options. If the cause of your overactive bladder because of excessive weight, the best way to treat it is to lose weight. However, if your overactive bladder isnt the cause of excessive weight, the next step is for you to begin to train at your bladder and pelvic floor.

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    Do Not Let Your Life Be Disturbed Stop Worrying About Overactive Bladder

    6 minute read

    Urinary abnormalities such as frequent urination and feeling a sudden urge to urinate might be frequently overlooked. In fact, these symptoms potentially indicate overactive bladder or OAB. Overactive bladder is a chronic medical condition which has tremendous impacts on the quality of life in both men and women. Overactive bladder affects performance of daily activities and social function such as work, traveling, physical exercise, sleep and sexual function. If this condition is left untreated, it leads to impaired quality of life accompanied by emotional distress and depression.

    Sexual Differences In Incidence

    In the NOBLE study, the prevalence of OAB was similar in women and men . However, the prevalence of incontinence associated with OAB differed. Among women, 9.3% reported having OAB with incontinence 7.6% reported having OAB without incontinence. In contrast, more men reported having OAB without incontinence than with incontinence . In women, the prevalence of OAB with urgency urinary incontinence increased with increasing body mass index , whereas in men, no difference was found.

    Milsom et al, in a population-based survey of 16,776 men and women aged 40 years or older from the general population in Europe, found the overall prevalence of OAB symptoms to be 16.6%. The main outcome measures included the prevalence of urinary frequency , urinary urgency, and urgency incontinence.

    Frequency was the most common symptom , followed by urgency and urgency incontinence . The prevalence of OAB increased with age, and rates in men and women were similar. Symptoms of urinary urgency and frequency were similar between both sexes, but urgency incontinence was more prevalent in women than in men.

    OAB in men is often related to obstruction therefore, it may be important to differentiate between obstruction and irritative symptoms before the initiation of treatment.

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    What Do We Mean By Small Bladder

    Firstly, lets clear up the confusion between having a small bladder and an overactive bladder. Anatomically, its highly unlikely anyone has a small bladder. Our internal organs dont tend to differ from one person to the next.

    However, it is possible to have a functionally small bladder, which means your bladder, for any number of reasons, cant hold a lot of urine. Bladder muscles and/or the bladder sphincter muscles become overactive and as a result there is a constant need to void.

    Thats why when some people say they have a small bladder, what theyre really suggesting is they have an overactive bladder.

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