When To Contact A Medical Professional
- You have fever, back or side pain, vomiting, or shaking chills
- You have increased thirst or appetite, fatigue, or sudden weight loss
Also call your provider if:
- You have urinary frequency or urgency, but you are not pregnant and you are not drinking large amounts of fluid.
- You have incontinence or you have changed your lifestyle because of your symptoms.
- You have bloody or cloudy urine.
What Behavioral Changes Can I Make To Help With Overactive Bladder
There are many techniques and changes to your typical behavior that you can try to help with an overactive bladder. These can include:
Keeping a log: During a typical day, write down your fluid intake, the number of times you urinate, the number of accidents and when they occur. Make a note about what happened when the accident happened, like when you:
- Were unable to reach the bathroom in time.
Monitoring your diet: Eliminate or decrease foods or beverages that may worsen your bladder symptoms. These could include:
- Spicy and acidic foods and drinks.
- Foods and drinks that contain artificial sweeteners.
Maintaining bowel regularity: Constipation can place added pressure on the bladder and have a negative effect on your bladder function. By keeping healthy bowel habits, you may be able to avoid constipation and help to lessen bladder symptoms. The following are some suggestions for maintaining bowel regularity:
- Increase your fiber intake by eating foods like beans, pasta, oatmeal, bran cereal, whole wheat bread, and fresh fruit and vegetables.
- Every morning, take 2 tablespoons of this mixture: 1 cup apple sauce, 1 cup unprocessed wheat bran, and ¾ cup prune juice.
- Exercise regularly to maintain regular bowel movements.
Maintaining a healthy weight: Being overweight can add pressure on your bladder, which may contribute to bladder control problems. If you are overweight, weight loss can reduce the pressure on your bladder.
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Frequent Urge To Urinate Frequent Urination And Pressure Or Fullness
- Medical Author: Dan Brennan, MD
Last Editorial Review: 6/15/2020
Your symptoms can be present in a wide variety of medical ailments, including a urinary tract infection, or chronic conditions such as irritable bowel or diabetes. Keep track of your symptoms and if you are concerned, please contact your doctor.
While the list below can be considered as a guide to educate yourself about these conditions, this is not a substitute for a diagnosis from a health care provider. There are many other medical conditions that also can be associated with your symptoms and signs. Here are a number of those from MedicineNet:
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Can Eating Certain Foods Or Drinks Make My Bladder Pain Symptoms Worse
Maybe. Some people report that their symptoms start or get worse after eating certain foods or drinks, such as:16
- Citrus fruits, such as oranges
- Drinks with caffeine, such as coffee or soda
Keep a food diary to track your symptoms after eating certain foods or drinks. You can also stop eating foods or drinks one at a time for at least one week to see if your symptoms go away. If not, stop eating other trigger foods or drinks one at a time for one week to see which ones may be causing some of your symptoms.
How Is The Diagnosis Made
The doctor must make sure that other diseases are not causing the symptoms. Similar symptoms may be caused by:
- a bladder infection or urinary tract infection
- radiation therapy to the pelvic area
- systemic diseases such as diabetes
- drugs and chemicals that may affect the bladder.
To make the diagnosis, your doctor usually begins with a general examination, including a pelvic exam and urinalysis. The urine is usually normal, with no signs of bacterial infection. For a definite diagnosis of IC, a cystoscopic examination is usually necessary. In this procedure, the patient is put under general anesthesia, the bladder is distended with water and the doctor uses a telescopic device to look inside the bladder. The doctor may also take a biopsy from your bladder to help exclude other conditions.
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When To See A Doctor
Sometimes the pressure in the lower abdomen and frequent urination arent signs of concern. This is particularly the case when the symptoms are mild.
But, its always important to keep in mind they indicate the presence of a potentially serious health problem.
Ideally, men and women who experience these symptoms should see a doctor if they dont resolve within 24 hours.
Dont ignore them or wait for these symptoms to go away on their own. This is particularly the case if these symptoms are accompanied by chest pain, blood in stool or urine, persistent vomiting, and shortness of breath.
Other symptoms that require seeing a doctor, in addition to lower abdomen pressure and frequent urination, include fever, excessive thirst, loss of appetite, discharge from the penis/vagina, and foul smell of urine.
Pregnant women with severe pain and pressure in the lower abdomen should seek emergency care.
When To See A Healthcare Provider
See a healthcare provider whenever frequent urination is affecting your quality of life. The causes need specific treatment, so getting a diagnosis is the first step.
If you have frequent urination and any of the following symptoms, you should contact a healthcare provider immediately:
- Symptoms that are interfering with your daily life
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What Questions Should I Ask A Healthcare Provider
- How do you know that I have an overactive bladder?
- Whats the cause of my overactive bladder?
- Whats a normal number of times to pee each day?
- How much should I drink each day?
- What fluids should I drink?
- What fluids should I avoid drinking?
- What foods should I eat?
- What foods should I avoid eating?
- What treatments do you recommend?
- Are there any side effects to your recommended treatment?
- What medications do you recommend?
- Are there any side effects to your recommended medications?
- Are there any other lifestyle changes I can make?
- Can you recommend a support group for people with overactive bladder?
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Overactive bladder is a common condition that causes changes in your bathroom habits, which can be embarrassing. Many people struggle to talk to a healthcare provider about their symptoms. However, providers can help answer any of your questions without judgment. They can determine the cause of your overactive bladder and work with you to develop the best treatment plan. If you have symptoms of overactive bladder, talk to a healthcare provider so you can regain control of your bathroom habits and improve your quality of life.
Things You Can Do To Help Bps
Things that may help improve your symptoms include:
- reducing stress try exercise, warm baths and mindfulness-based meditation techniques
- making sure you are hydrated regularly throughout the day
- keeping a food diary if you notice certain foods or drinks make symptoms worse, avoid them, but ask for medical advice first
- stopping smoking the chemicals in cigarettes can irritate your bladder
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Should I Limit The Amount Of Fluids I Drink
No. Many people with bladder pain syndrome think they should drink less to relieve pain and reduce the number of times they go to the bathroom. But you need fluids, especially water, for good health. Getting enough fluids helps keep your kidneys and bladder healthy, prevent urinary tract infections, and prevent constipation, which may make your symptoms worse.9
What Will Your Doctor Do
To find out the cause of frequent urination, your healthcare provider will probably carry out a physical exam and ask you questions about things that can cause you to urinate more frequently. For example, common causes of frequent urination include drinking more water or other beverages than usual, drinking alcoholic and caffeinated beverages, and taking certain types of medications . Your healthcare provider may also take a urine sample to perform a laboratory test called urinalysis to check for signs that you may have an infection that is causing the frequent urination.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Ic
People with interstitial cystitis have repeat discomfort, pressure, tenderness or pain in the bladder, lower abdomen, and pelvic area. Symptoms vary from person to person, may be mild or severe, and can even change in each person as time goes on.
Symptoms may include a combination of these symptoms:
What Causes Frequent Urination In Women
Factors like age, habits, medical conditions and certain life circumstances can all cause you to spend too much time in the bathroom. Sometimes frequent urination can be normal and temporary for example, if youre pregnant. In other cases, its a symptom of another health condition and may require a treatment plan with your doctor. Here are 12 common causes for frequent urination in women:
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Can Digestive Problems Cause Urinary Problems
IBS and Bladder Symptoms Many of the same factors that cause IBS, such as stress and infection, are thought to have a role in the co-occurrence of urinary issues. People with IBS frequently have bladder symptoms such as frequent urination. In fact, research shows that people with IBS are about twice as likely as those without IBS to also have bladder problems.
Symptoms of IBS may include diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, vomiting, and fatigue. These symptoms can also show up in your urine. Urine that is dark colored, smelly, or cloudy may be a sign of irritable bowel syndrome. Also, feeling like you need to go even though you have not passed much water for hours could be another symptom. If you have these symptoms, talk with your doctor so you do not suffer from undiagnosed gastrointestinal or urinary conditions.
Urinary incontinence is the inability to control urine output after the brain has signaled that fullness has been reached. There are two main types of urinary incontinence: stress incontinence and overflow incontinence.
Stress incontinence is caused by weakened muscles in the pelvic floor. These muscles support the bladder and keep it closed when under pressure. As we get older, these muscles tend to weaken, which can lead to stress incontinence.
Key Points About Interstitial Cystitis
Interstitial cystitis is an inflamed or irritated bladder wall.
The cause of IC is unknown and it does not get better with antibiotics.
There is no best way to diagnose IC. A variety of tests may be needed. Urine tests will be done and imaging tests may be used to look at the different parts of the urinary tract and make sure everything is normal. Tissue samples may be removed from the bladder and examined under a microscope to see if cancer or other abnormal cells are present.
Treatments are aimed at easing symptoms. A variety of procedures, medicines, and lifestyle changes may be advised.
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Fibroids Can Cause Urinary Incontinence
Another issue that fibroids can create is incontinence which is the leakage of urine that cannot be controlled. This can be triggered by the sudden contraction of the abdominal muscles caused by laughing, sneezing, or coughing. Large fibroids pressing on the bladder can cause enough pressure to create chronic urinary incontinence.
A study of women who were diagnosed with fibroids reported that 60% of the women experienced frequent urination during the day and 47% of the participants suffered frequent urination that disturbed their sleep because of fibroids pressing on the bladder. Additionally, 36% of the women reported urinary incontinence and 35% said they experienced difficulty fully emptying their bladder.
Occasionally, when there is a very large fibroid , it can exert pressure and obstruct the ureter which transports urine to the bladder from the kidneys. This blockage is called hydronephrosis and can damage the function of the kidney.
Causes Of Frequent Urination
Sometimes frequent urination and painful urination go together. In women, painful urination is most often a symptom of a urinary tract infection . UTIs often include an urgent need to urinate, uncomfortable, painful or burning sense when urinating, fever, and a painful or uncomfortable abdomen.
A variety of other problems can cause frequent urination, including:
Rarely, bladder cancer, bladder dysfunction and radiation therapy or other cancer treatment can cause issues with frequent urination.
Causes Of Excessive Or Frequent Urination
Some of the causes of increased urine volume differ from those of too-frequent urination. However, because many people who produce excessive amounts of urine also need to urinate frequently, these two symptoms are often considered together.
The most common causes of urinary frequency are
and often urine culture Urinalysis and Urine Culture Urinalysis, the testing of urine, may be necessary in the evaluation of kidney and urinary tract disorders and can also help evaluate bodywide disorders such as diabetes or liver problems. A read more on most people. The need for other testing depends on what doctors find during the history and physical examination and 3 quarts of urine a day. Excessive urination can refer read more ). If doctors are not sure whether the person is actually producing more urine than normal, they may collect and measure the amount of urine produced over 24 hours. If people actually have polyuria, doctors measure the blood glucose level. If diabetes mellitus is not the cause of polyuria and no other cause, such as excess intravenous fluids, is clearly responsible, other testing is necessary. The levels of electrolytes and concentration of certain salts are measured in the blood, urine, or both, often after the person is deprived of water for a time and after the person is given antidiuretic hormone.
What is frequent urination?
The key to treating frequent urination is addressing the underlying cause.
Common risk factors for a UTI include:
Drinking Too Many Fluids
When youre continually hydrating, your body gets rid of what its not using, which naturally results in peeing more often. Your hydration needs will differ depending on your activity level and environment. But if youre peeing frequently, you could simply be drinking more liquids than you need.
Especially if youre having trouble peeing too often during the night, limiting how much you drink before bed can help.
How Does Irritable Bowel Syndrome Affect The Digestive System
Irritable bowel syndrome is a prevalent condition affecting the large intestine. Cramping, stomach discomfort, bloating, gas, diarrhea, constipation, or both are signs and symptoms. IBS is a chronic ailment that requires long-term management. It is diagnosed by looking at its clinical features along with the results of testing your stool for fat, blood, and other substances.
The two main types of IBS are constipation-predominant IBS and diarrhea-predominant IBS. With these diagnoses, you can then also specifically identify the type of irritable bowel syndrome you have. Constipation-predominant IBS is more common in women, while diarrhea-predominant IBS affects men more often than not.
Both types of IBS involve recurrent abdominal pain and changes to the frequency of stools. This can lead to problems with digestion as well as anxiety and depression if not treated properly. The only way to confirm an IBS diagnosis is through examination of your gut tissue and/or feces. This would reveal any underlying causes for your symptoms.
Treatment for IBS varies depending on what type of IBS you have. There are many different options available, such as dietary changes, medications, exercise, and self-help techniques. Your doctor will help you determine the best course of action based on your situation.
How Is Interstitial Cystitis Diagnosed
No single test can diagnose IC. And symptoms of IC are a lot like those of other urinary disorders. For these reasons, a variety of tests may be needed to rule out other problems. Your healthcare provider will start by reviewing your medical history and doing a physical exam. Other tests may include:
Urinalysis. Lab testing of urine to look for certain cells and chemicals. This includes red and white blood cells, germs, or too much protein.
Urine culture and cytology. Collecting and checking urine for white blood cells and bacteria. Also, if present, what kind of bacteria there are in the urine.
Cystoscopy. A thin, flexible tube and viewing device, is put in through the urethra to examine the bladder and other parts of the urinary tract. This checks for structural changes or blockages.
Bladder wall biopsy. A test in which tissue samples are removed from the bladder and checked under a microscope to see if cancer or other abnormal cells are present.
Lab exam of prostate secretions . This is done to look for inflammation and/or infection of the prostate.
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What Causes Overactive Bladder
An overactive bladder can be caused by several things, or even a combination of causes. Some possible causes can include:
- Weak pelvic muscles: Pregnancy and childbirth can cause your pelvic muscles to stretch and weaken. This can cause the bladder to sag out of its normal position. All of these factors can cause leakage.
- Nerve damage: Sometimes signals are sent to the brain and bladder to empty at the wrong time. Trauma and diseases can cause this to happen. These can include:
- Pelvic or back surgery.
Often, there may be no specific explanation for why this is occurring.
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