Mistake #: Not Drinking Enough Water
Many urinary complaints are related to poor hydration. Generally speaking, if your urine is clear or very light, that’s a sign you are drinking the right amount of water. If your urine is dark yellow or amber, that’s usually a sign of dehydration.
Odor, an “off” color, and the sense of burning while voiding are other signs that might indicate you are not properly hydrated. Not drinking enough water can contribute to UTIs and kidney stones. Concentrated urine can irritate the lining of the bladder, making it more sensitive. It is also more likely to form kidney or bladder stones.
Many patients ask if drinking alternative fluids will suffice, but many beverages contain high sugar concentrations or caffeine, which can have other health effects, says Dr. Brito, noting these might make overactive bladder symptoms worse. Water is the safest option to maintain hydration and keep your kidneys and bladder healthy.
There are some conditions that can make your urine appear more concentrated even if you are well-hydrated, such as liver problems or hematuria. So, if you are drinking enough water but have dark-colored urine, odor, or burning, its worth a trip to a urologist, who can evaluate your symptoms more closely.
“The ability to urinate freely and without difficulty is taken for granted by most people,” says Dr. Brito. So, next time you have to go, follow the above advice for better urinary health.
Other Ways To Prevent Some Utis Coming Back
If you keep getting a bladder infection , there is some evidence it may be helpful to take:
- D-mannose a sugar you can buy as a powder or tablets to take every day
- cranberry products available as juice, tablets or capsules to take every day
Speak to your doctor before taking any of these during pregnancy.
Be aware that D-mannose and cranberry products can contain a lot of sugar.
If you’re taking warfarin, you should avoid cranberry products.
Page last reviewed: 22 March 2022 Next review due: 22 March 2025
Signs And Symptoms Of Urinary Tract Infections
UTI symptoms can vary, and it’s possible for someone who has a urinary tract infection to experience no symptoms. But for many people, UTI symptoms are uncomfortable and painful. Besides a strong, persistent urge to urinate, common symptoms include:
When a urinary tract infection moves to the kidneys, symptoms such as fever, shaking, chills, and pain in the upper back, side, or groin may occur.
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Avoid Bladder Irritating Foods When You Have A Uti
Certain foods are known bladder irritants citrus or very acidic foods, artificial sweeteners, caffeine, alcohol these can all irritate the bladder, leading to bladder leaks. And, if you currently have a UTI, they may affect you even more. Try to watch out for these common bladder irritants to prevent further irritation to your bladder and UTI.
Ways To Relieve Painful Or Burning Sensations
Any of the above remedies usually needs a companion remedy in order to help relieve any abdominal pain, burning, and discomfort. None will work alone to totally get rid of your symptoms.
To help with the burning, you can also use any over-the-counter products However, many doctors will prescribe Pyridium along with antibiotics. If your doctor does not order it, you may want to ask for a prescription for it, especially if your health insurance covers it. Always ask for free samples of any medications your doctor orders for you.
Then, for your next UTI, ask your doctor for a three day supply of Pyridium and take as prescribedusually, one every 6 hours, just for the first two days.
Important Note About Medication
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What Are The Symptoms Of A Bladder Infection Vs A Uti
Symptoms can offer clues about whether youve got a bladder infection specifically or a UTI somewhere else in your system. Regardless of which type you have, youre likely to have some or all of the most common UTI symptoms, which MedlinePlus says includes:
- Pain or burning when you urinate
- Fever, tiredness, or shakiness
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How Are Utis Treated
Treatments for UTIs often depend on the severity of the infection. Doctors often divide UTIs into simple and complicated infections.
Bladder infections usually fall into the simple category. Doctors can usually treat them with antibiotics over the course of three to five days. Common antibiotics used to treat bladder infections include trimethoprim, ciprofloxacin, and amoxicillin-clavulanate potassium.
If you have an infection, you should always take all of your antibiotics, even if you feel better. This keeps the infection from coming back.
Complicated UTIs are harder to treat. Kidney infections usually fall into this category. If you have a complicated UTI, you may require IV antibiotics and have to take antibiotics for a week or more.
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How Is Urinary Retention Diagnosed
Your doctor will order a number of tests to diagnose your condition.
History of Complaints and Physical Examination
A physician will suspect urinary retention by your symptoms and will attempt to confirm the diagnosis with a physical examination of the lower abdomen. The physician may be able to feel the distended bladder by lightly tapping on your lower belly. Tapping or striking for diagnostic purposes is called percussing.
A urine sample will be examined for signs of infection, which may be a cause or a result of urinary retention.
A bladder scan uses a portable ultrasound device that can determine how much urine is in your bladder. You will be asked to urinate, and then your doctor or nurse will use the bladder scan to determine the post-void residual . The word residual refers to the amount of urine left in the bladder after urination. If you typically have a PVR of 100 milliliters or more, you are considered to have chronic urinary retention.
Your doctor may use a cystoscope to see inside your bladder and urethra. The cystoscope has lenses like a telescope or microscope. These lenses let the doctor focus on the inner surfaces of the urinary tract.
X Ray and Computerized Tomography Scan
What To Do If You Keep Getting Utis
âItâs also important to consult your doctor if youâre getting UTIs frequently which is about three or more times per year,â Dr. Kannady recommends.
Recurrent UTIs are fairly common, and theyâre also often effectively controlled via lifestyle changes. In some cases, though, your doctor may recommend that you see a urologist for further evaluation.
âFrequent UTIs are sometimes the result of an underlying health issue, such as kidney stones or abnormalities in your kidneys, bladder, or urethra,â Dr. Kannady adds. âA urologist can rule out or diagnose and treat issues such as these, as well as provide further guidance on how to prevent UTI reoccurrence.â
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How To Prevent A Uti Naturally
Learn how to prevent a UTI naturally with these 5 Physiotherapy bladder management tips. These simple techniques are outlined in this UTI prevention video to reduce your risk of repeat bladder infection and the need for repeat antibiotic medication.
These bladder management tips are suitable for adult women and men who suffer from repeat UTI and seek natural solutions for prevention.
For Those Who Experience Frequent Utis Managing Risk Factors May Help With Prevention
In some people, urinary tract infections come back again and again. Women, especially, are likely to have recurrent UTIs. While recurrences usually develop within three months of the original infection, having more than two within six months is technically considered a recurrence.
Besides precautions and at-home strategies to help prevent UTIs, sometimes antibiotics are used as a preventive measure for those with frequent UTI recurrences.
Managing risk factors by maintaining good hygiene, such as wiping from front to back for women and avoiding spermicides can lower your likelihood of repeat UTIs.
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How Are Utis Diagnosed
Only a health care provider can treat urinary tract infections. The first thing a doctor will do is confirm that a person has a UTI by taking a clean-catch urine specimen. At the doctors office, youll be asked to clean your genital area with disposable wipes and then pee into a sterile cup.
The sample may be used for a urinalysis or a urine culture . Knowing what bacteria are causing the infection can help your doctor choose the best treatment.
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What Are The Causes Of Kidney Infections
Normally, bacteria are flushed out by the flow of urine. However, several problems can increase the risk of a kidney infection. These problems can include:
- Structural abnormalities blocking urine flow.
- An enlarged prostate gland compressing the urethra.
- Backflow of urine from the bladder to the kidneys.
- If your immune system is affected .
- Pregnancy, during which time the enlarging uterus can squeeze the ureters and reduce the flow of urine, allowing the bacteria to migrate to the kidneys.
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Home Remedies For Utis
Looking for home remedies to treat your UTI? Youve come to the right place! Read below to learn about urinary tract infection home remedies and get rid of that burning urine feeling for good!
NAFC recently conducted a survey that asked people how they were dealing with urological conditions during the pandemic. A surprising finding was that many of you reported an increase in urinary tract infections. While we dont know why more frequent UTIs are happening stress, a decrease in personal grooming, or poor diet choices may all be culprits we do realize that urinary tract infections can be annoying, painful, and can cause an increase in incontinence or bladder leaks.
While antibiotics are the fastest and most recommended way to treat urinary tract infections, they sometimes dont work. You may also be wary of taking an antibiotic due to certain risks that accompany that treatment. Luckily, there are some great home remedies for urine infections you can try to treat the condition.
The Benefits Of Chlorophyll
Chlorophyll is a great way to care for your bladder and improve your overall health. You can find chlorophyll supplements in natural remedy stores or pharmacies in capsule form.
This natural compound improves the bodys metabolic function and strengthens the immune system. Besides that, its also wonderful for helping to detoxify the blood and give us energy. This health enhancer is worth taking at least five consecutive days each month.
Taking care of your bladder is basic, easy, and theres no reason why you couldnt start today!
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Treatment For Kidney Infections And Utis
The treatment for a UTI or kidney infection is similar, with an antibiotic typically prescribed to kill the bacteria causing the infection. Once on an antibiotic, symptoms typically clear up within 1-2 days.
It is crucial to complete the entire course of antibiotics, as this ensures the infection is fully treated. Even if symptoms have gone away, stopping the antibiotics early can cause complications later.
In cases of severe kidney infections, hospital treatment may be needed, and this can include intravenous antibiotics and fluids.
Pregnant women who contract a UTI can also be treated with antibiotics, and treating UTIs in pregnant women is especially important because an infection increases the risk of premature labor and can lead to a kidney infection.
If someone suffers from chronic kidney infections because of the shape of their urinary tract, a doctor may suggest surgery to correct it.
Uti After Prolapse Surgery
UTI is the most common post operative problem after prolapse surgery.1
Incomplete bladder emptying is one of the major risks for getting a UTI after prolapse surgery.2
Incomplete bladder emptying and UTI early following prolapse surgery can be caused by a range of factors including:
- Internal swelling
Some women need to use a catheter temporarily after prolapse surgery until sufficient postoperative healing allows them to empty their bladder without assistance.
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Which Infections Are Worse
NIDDK . A kidney infection is usually caused by a bladder or urethra infection where the bacteria multiply and travel upward toward the kidneys.
Kidney infections can be extremely serious and painful, sometimes leading to hospitalization to receive intravenous antibiotics. If left untreated, kidney infections due to UTIs can cause infections in the bloodstream. This can be life-threatening.
Urinate Completely To Avoid Urinary Tract Infections
Women are especially prone to urinary tract infections, which can also involve the bladder. One way to reduce your risk is to make sure that you urinate completely, says Gopal Badlani, MD, of the Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and a specialist in bladder issues. If you tighten your muscles to stop urinating too soon, the urine that didnt quite escape will head back to your bladder, which can bring bacteria into your system.
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Bladder Emptying Problems With A Prolapse
Women with bladder prolapse often have bladder emptying problems. This can occur when the urine pockets into the prolapsed tissue rather than emptying normally.
Sometimes a large rectocele can cause a kink in the urethra making it difficult to completely empty the bladder.
Pelvic prolapse can cause bladder emptying problems including:
- Slow bladder emptying
- Incomplete bladder emptying where the bladder doesnt fully empty
Women with pelvic floor problems who retain more than 30 mls or 1oz of urine in the bladder have increased risk of UTI.3
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What Causes A Kidney Infection
The bacteria or viruses that cause kidney infections usually come from another part of your urinary tract, such as your bladder, ureters or urethra and spread to your kidneys. Less commonly, the bacteria or viruses come from an infection elsewhere in your body.
Kidney infection can also happen if the flow of urine through your urinary tract is blocked. This can happen due to:
- An enlarged prostate
- A problem with the shape of your urinary tract that makes it harder for urine to pass through
A kidney infection is not contagiousyou cannot catch one from another person or spread a kidney infection if you have one.
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Take An Otc Pain Reliever
Over-the-counter pain medications can temporarily relieve pain caused by a UTI. Use caution here, and always speak with a doctor first, as some UTIs can turn into kidney infections. In these cases, patients should avoid taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , which could make the infection worse.
Treating Urinary Tract Infections
Your recommended treatment plan by your GP will depend on whether your infection is in the upper or lower urinary tract.
Both types of urinary tract infection can usually be treated at home using a course of antibiotics.
If an upper UTI is more serious or there is increased risk of complications, you may need hospital treatment.
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Kidney Infection Vs Urinary Tract Infection
It hits you out of nowhere. A sudden and powerful urge to go that has you making a fast beeline for the bathroom. Except when you get there, its not the relief you were expecting. Just intermittent drips that are painful to pass.
Urinary Tract Infections are pretty hard to miss. But knowing which type of UTI you have isnt always so clear. Because your urinary tract kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra is seamlessly connected, it can be hard to pinpoint the source of your problem. Is it your kidneys or your bladder thats making bathroom time such a burden?
UTIs Vs. Kidney Infections
As the name suggests, a urinary tract infection is an infection in one or more areas of your urinary system. UTIs occur when unwanted bacteria enters into your urinary tract and begin to multiply. They are most common in the lower urinary tract: the bladder and the urethra .
Kidney infections are actually a type of UTI. They typically occur when a lower UTI is left untreated, allowing the bacteria to spread upward and infect the kidneys. Kidney infections are the most serious type of UTI and can cause serious complications without fast and proper treatment.
Other common causes of lower UTIs include:
- Sexual activity
- The use of spermicides, douches, or diaphragms
UTI symptoms can appear differently based on the location of your infection. A UTI in your lower urinary tract can cause:
- Lower back pain, sometimes severe
- Nausea and vomiting
What Can Cause Trouble With Emptying Your Bladder
Chronic urinary retention can be caused by a wide variety of factors. They all boil down to either a blockage or an obstruction , or the bladder not being strong enough to allow all the urine to be voided.
The causes of urinary retention include:
- Urinary tract infection.
- Other infections, including sexually transmitted diseases.
- In men, an enlarged prostate which is very common with advanced age, especially after 80.
- Pelvic organ prolapse, when the uterus, bladder, bowel, or other internal organs move from their intended place.
- Urinary tract stones.
- Physical blockages like urethral strictures.
- An underactive bladder, in which the bladder muscles are the problem, is associated with conditions that include Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, and pelvic injuries , among other conditions.
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