Monday, July 8, 2024

Why Do Bladder Infections Happen

Must Read

Related Conditions And Causes Of Uti

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Signs & Symptoms (& Why They Occur)

There are a number of health conditions that share some symptoms with urinary tract infections, including:

The following conditions may make you more susceptible to developing a UTI and increase the severity of symptoms:

Type 2 diabetes

And having a UTI can increase a man’s risk for benign prostatic hyperplasia .

Why Do Utis Go Back In Spite Of Remedy

There are a few half-dozen oral antibiotics that deal with UTIs. From time to time a physician will prescribe one drug, then transfer to any other after a urine tradition identifies which micro organism is at paintings. Adjusting the medicine can take time, and recurrent infections might happen within the intervening time.

From time to time an individual begins to really feel higher and comes to a decision to stops taking the antibiotic opposite to the physicians directions and any other an infection quickly follows. Its by no means a good suggestion to forestall taking antibiotics sooner than your dosage is whole.

However even individuals who take drugs because the physician prescribes might get recurrent infections, Dr. Vasavada says.

In the event youre a more youthful girl whos sexually lively, your physician might prescribe an antibiotic to take sooner than and after sexual job. For post-menopausal ladies, a vaginal estrogen cream might assist cut back infections.

If infections persist, your physician might take a look at for different well being issues within the kidney, bladder or different portions of the urinary machine.

Ways To Avoid Urinary Tract Infections

  • Stay hydrated. Drink plenty of water, which increases urination, thereby flushing out bladder bacteria. How much should you drink? Enough to keep your urine looking clear.

  • Wipe properly. Women should wipe from front to back after using the toilet. Wiping from back to front may increase the risk of getting UTIs.

  • Use topical estrogen creams. These creams may help postmenopausal women who have vaginal dryness and struggle with recurrent urinary tract infections.

  • Dont rely on cranberry juice. The evidence about whether it helps prevent UTIs is mixed. And the juice has lots of sugar and calories.

Recommended Reading: Laser Treatment For Overactive Bladder

Recommended Reading: Aggressive Bladder Cancer Survival Rate

What Can You Do If You Keep Getting Utis

If you keep getting UTIs, you must talk to your doctor. After talking with you, your doctor will either recommend treatments for recurring urinary infections or send you to a special doctor called a urologist. A urologist focuses on diseases and problems of the entire urinary system, so he may be able to better pinpoint what is causing your infections and how to treat and prevent them.In addition to the tips mentioned above, you can also take some other simple steps to help prevent UTIs, such as:

  • Drink plenty of water.

What Helped Me The Most:

Why Does Kidney Failure Occur?
  • Understanding the role of mast cell activation and histamine in interstitial cystitis. I suspect this largely originates from chronic infections of histamine-producing bacteria.
  • While the pain was bad, it gave me crazy motivation to get better. The small gains I saw over months and years, fueled my passion for nutrition and natural healing. All the pain I experienced in my twenties is one of the reasons this blog exists in the first place I survived and lived to tell about it! Now I can eat anything I want without any interstitial cystitis restrictions . If I ever do get bladder irritation, which is usually only a few times per year which is usually from a mix of eating food with too many additives, I recover quickly from it .

    Dont Miss: Womens Bladder Control Underwear

    You May Like: Va Bladder Cancer Decision Granted

    What Are The Symptoms Of A Uti

    One of the most common symptoms of a UTI is a frequent and urgent need to pee. You might feel like you need to pee all the time, even if you just went. Other UTI symptoms include:

    • pain or burning when you pee

    • bad-smelling or cloudy urine

    • blood or pus in your urine

    • soreness, pressure, or cramps in your lower belly, back, or sides

    If the infection goes to your kidneys, your UTI symptoms may also include:

    • pain in your mid-back

    What Conditions Are Related To Recurrent Utis

    Recurrent UTIs sometimes happen along with other conditions, such as:

    • vesicoureteral reflux , which is found in 30%50% of kids diagnosed with a UTI. In this congenital condition, pee flows backward from the bladder to the ureters. Ureters are thin, tube-like structures that carry pee from the kidney to the bladder. Sometimes the pee backs up to the kidneys. If its infected with bacteria, it can lead to pyelonephritis.
    • hydronephrosis, which is an enlargement of one or both kidneys due to backup or blockage of urine flow. Its usually caused by severe VUR or a blocked ureter. Some kids with hydronephrosis might need to take daily low doses of antibiotics to prevent UTIs until the condition producing hydronephrosis gets better or is fixed through surgery.

    But not all cases of recurrent UTIs can be traced back to these body structure-related problems. For example, dysfunctional voiding when a child doesnt relax the muscles properly while peeing is a common cause of UTIs. Not peeing often enough also can also increase a childs risk for recurrent infections. Both dysfunctional voiding and infrequent urination can be associated with constipation.

    Rarely, unrelated conditions that harm the bodys natural defenses, such as diseases of the immune system, also can lead to recurrent UTIs. Use of a nonsterile urinary catheter can introduce bacteria into the urinary tract and also cause an infection.

    Read Also: Bladder Control Problems At Night

    Whats The Difference Between Urinalysis And A Urine Culture

    A urine culture involves growing bacteria from a urine sample in a lab to diagnose urinary tract infections and other infections. Urine cultures are not part of routine urinalysis tests. Like a urinalysis, a urine culture sample must be obtained by the clean catch method or by inserting a catheter through the urethra into the bladder.

    If your urinalysis results indicate a UTI is likely, your healthcare provider may order a urine culture for a laboratory to run off the urine sample you gave for the original urinalysis. A urine culture can determine the type of bacterium that caused the UTI.

    Urinalysis can include several different tests, measurements and assessments of aspects of your urine.

    Questions To Ask Your Doctor

    Urinary Tract Infection – Overview (signs and symptoms, pathophysiology, causes and treatment)
    • Do I need any tests, such as urinalysis?
    • What is the likely cause of my urinary tract infection ?
    • Do I need medicine? How should I take it?
    • What are the possible side effects of the medicine?
    • When should I expect relief from my symptoms?
    • What symptoms would indicate that my infection is getting worse? What should I do if I experience these symptoms?
    • I get UTIs a lot. What can I do to prevent them?
    • Do I need preventive antibiotics? If so, should I be concerned about antibiotic resistance?
    • My child gets UTIs a lot. Could an anatomical problem be causing his or her UTIs?

    You May Like: How Are Bladder Infections Caused

    Urinary Tract Infections During Pregnancy: Symptoms Treatment And Common Questions

    In addition, as the uterus grows throughout pregnancy, it can put pressure on the bladder, making it more difficult to empty completely.

    Pregnancy can also make a UTI more difficult to treat, which can have serious consequences, including pyelonephritis preterm labor low birth weight and .

    A urinalysis and a urine culture are routinely performed at an initial prenatal visit to screen for UTIs, but if you’re pregnant and suspect you may have an infection, seek medical attention quickly.

    Your Diet Is High In Bladder

    Some people experience bladder sensitivity. If youre one of them, your bladder may become inflamed due to the foods you eat and beverages you drink. This inflammation increases the risk of infection-causing bacteria growth in the urinary tract. Foods and beverages that can trigger bladder sensitivity include:

    Recommended Reading: How Long For Bladder Infection To Go Away

    How Can Parents Help

    At home, these things can help prevent recurrent UTIs in kids:

    Drinking Fluids Encourage kids to drink 810 glasses of water and other fluids each day. Cranberry juice and cranberry extract are often suggested because they may prevent E. coli from attaching to the walls of the bladder. Always ask your doctor, though, if your child should drink cranberry juice or cranberry extract, because they can affect some medicines.

    Good Bathroom Habits Peeing often and preventing constipation can help to prevent recurrent infections.

    No Bubble Baths Kids should avoid bubble baths and perfumed soaps because they can irritate the urethra.

    Frequent Diaper Changes Kids in diapers should be changed often. If poop stays in the genital area for a long time, it can lead to bacteria moving up the urethra and into the bladder.

    Proper Wiping Girls should wipe from front to back after using the toilet to reduce exposure of the urethra to UTI-causing bacteria in poop.

    Cotton Underwear Breathable cotton underwear is less likely to encourage bacterial growth near the urethra than nylon or other fabrics.

    Regular Bathroom Visits Some kids may not like to use the school bathroom or may become so engrossed in a project that they delay peeing. Kids with UTIs should pee at least every 3 to 4 hours to help flush bacteria from the urinary tract.

    Role Of Urine Dipstick Testing

    ãKidney infection causesã?ã?®ãã¹ãã¢ã¤ã㢠25 é?¸ï½Pinterest ã?®ã?ã?ã?ã?

    Dipstick testing of urine is often used as a fast method for ruling out UTI as the cause of symptoms. This test detects the presence of leucocyte esterase and nitrites . However, Gram-positive bacteria and other organisms such as Enterococci and Pseudomonas species account for larger proportion of UTI in older adults and these microorganisms do not reduce urinary nitrates to nitrites. This may mean that urine dipstick nitrite test will not test positive for these organisms.

    Results from a study conducted by Juthani-Mehta et al. in nursing home residents suggests that a dipstick test result that is negative for both leukocyte esterase and nitrite can effectively exclude the diagnosis of UTI. This study, however, observed a positive predictive value of only 45% suggesting that dipstick test is not useful for identifying patients who meet laboratory criteria for UTI. Another study conducted amongst nursing home residents with asymptomatic bacteriuria also observed a very high negative predictive value of urine dipstick testing.

    Cortes-Penfield et al. provide a great analogy of urine dipstick testing interpretation. They note that the clinical utility of the urinalysis for diagnosing UTI is similar to that of the D-dimer for the diagnosis of a pulmonary embolism a negative result is of great value for ruling out embolism in patients with all but the highest pre-test probabilities of disease, while a positive result is not sufficient to establish the diagnosis.

    You May Like: What Can Help With Bladder Leakage

    Cranberry Juice And Tablets

    Cranberry juice and tablets have been shown to reduce RUTIs as they contain a compound called tannin, or proanthocyanidin, which reduces E. coli vaginal colonisation.65,66 Although earlier, smaller studies have shown that consuming cranberry juice or tablets can prevent RUTIs, an updated Cochrane review showed that evidence for its benefit in preventing UTIs is small therefore, cranberry juice cannot be recommended any longer for UTI prevention.21,6769

    What Is The Prognosis For A Person With A Urinary Tract Infection

    Urinary tract infections typically respond very well to treatment. A UTI can be uncomfortable before you start treatment, but once your healthcare provider identifies the type of bacteria and prescribes the right antibiotic medication, your symptoms should improve quickly. Its important to keep taking your medication for the entire amount of time your healthcare provider prescribed. If you have frequent UTIs or if your symptoms arent improving, your provider may test to see if its an antibiotic-resistant infection. These are more complicated infections to treat and may require intravenous antibiotics or alternative treatments.

    Don’t Miss: Bladder Pain And Smelly Urine

    Urinary Tract Infections In Babies And Young Children

    Babies and children are at risk of UTIs. These infections always need to be investigated as they may indicate a serious underlying condition, such as urinary reflux. Reflux is caused by a bladder valve problem allowing urine to flow back into the kidneys from the bladder. Reflux can cause the urine to stay inside the body increasing the risk of infection. It may lead to kidney scarring, which in turn leads to high blood pressure and sometimes kidney problems.

    How Do Utis Affect Pregnancy

    UTIs and You: How do they happen and how to get rid of a UTI?

    Changes in hormone levels during pregnancy raise your risk for UTIs. UTIs during pregnancy are more likely to spread to the kidneys.

    If you’re pregnant and have symptoms of a UTI, see your doctor or nurse right away. Your doctor will give you an antibiotic that is safe to take during pregnancy.

    If left untreated, UTIs could lead to kidney infections and problems during pregnancy, including:

    • Premature birth
    • Low birth weight

    Also Check: Does Pumpkin Seed Oil Help Overactive Bladder

    Should My Partner Be Tested For Uti

    Ive since learned that it is indeed possible for bacteria to be passed back and forth between partners during sex. If you think about it, that makes perfect sense this is exactly how STIs occur, so why not other organisms?

    Its entirely possible for males to carry bacteria without experiencing symptoms, so they wouldnt necessarily know they were contributing to your own symptoms. Same sex partners can of course pass organisms back and forth too thats one area that is truly equal.

    UTIs after sex prevention tip 2: Consider whether your partner should also be tested.

    Strangely, my boyfriends housemate also began to experience recurrent UTIs. That got me thinking about the environment in their share house, or their drinking water or possibly my boyfriends fidelity! It seemed like way too much of a coincidence for this to be happening to both of us at the same time.

    Learn more about UTI and sex and getting your partner tested in our expert video series.

    Recommended Reading: Can Being Constipated Affect Your Bladder

    Organs Of The Urinary Tract

    The urinary tract consists of the kidneys, ureters , bladder, and urethra. These organs may be injured by blunt force or by penetrating force . Injuries may also occur unintentionally during surgery.

    UTIs are usually classified as upper or lower according to where they occur along the urinary tract, although it is sometimes difficult or impossible for doctors to make such a determination:

    Some doctors also consider infections of the urethra and prostate to be lower UTIs. In paired organs , infection can occur in one or both organs. UTIs can occur in children Urinary Tract Infection in Children A urinary tract infection is a bacterial infection of the urinary bladder , the kidneys , or both. Urinary tract infections are caused by bacteria. Infants and younger… read more as well as in adults.

    You May Like: How Long To Take Antibiotics For Bladder Infection

    Why Do Some Women Have Recurring Cystitis

    In most cases, there is no apparent reason why cystitis returns. There is usually no problem with your bladder or defence system that can be identified. It is possible there may be a slight alteration in the ability of the body to resist bacteria getting into the bladder and causing infection. A slight variation in the bodys defence may tip the balance in favour of bacteria to cause infection.

    For some women, one of the following may contribute:

    Urinary Tract Infections In Men

    Urinary Tract Infections in Women: Why they occur and how to treat them ...

    Men can get UTIs, particularly if they have trouble with urine flow. Older men who experience prostatitis are at a higher risk. If the bladder is not emptying properly, the build up ofurine makes it more difficult to cure the infection.

    A small number of young men may get a UTI. In males, this is usually the result of a sexually transmitted disease.

    Also Check: Overactive Bladder Over The Counter

    Prevention Of Urinary Tract Infection

    There are several steps you can take to reduce your risk of getting a UTI:

    • Drink plenty of water and other liquids to help flush out bacteria.
    • Urinate frequently, or about every two to three hours.
    • For women: Wipe from front to back after urinating or having a bowel movement.
    • Urinate before and soon after having sexual intercourse.
    • Avoid synthetic underwear, tight pants, and lingering in wet gym clothes or a bathing suit. Though none of this can cause a UTI, these habits can increase the spread of bacteria.
    • Avoid vaginal deodorants, douches, powders, and other potentially irritating feminine products.
    • Use a method of birth control other than a diaphragm, spermicide, or unlubricated condoms.

    Can Urinary Tract Infections Be Prevented

    These steps may help reduce the chance of getting UTIs:

    • Drink plenty of water every day.
    • Drink cranberry juice. Large amounts of vitamin C limit the growth of some bacteria by acidifying the urine. Vitamin C supplements have the same effect.
    • Urinate when you feel the need. Do not wait.
    • Take showers instead of tub baths.
    • Clean the genital area before and after sex, and urinate shortly after sex.
    • Women should not use feminine hygiene sprays or scented douches.
    • Cotton underwear and loose fitting clothes help keep the area around the urethra dry. Tight clothes and nylon underwear trap moisture. This can help bacteria grow.
    • Repeated bouts of urinary tract infections can be treated with small doses of regular antibiotics.

    Please consult your health care provider with any questions or concerns you may have about UTIs.

    Don’t Miss: When To See A Doctor For Bladder Infection

    What Can I Expect During A Urinalysis

    In most cases, youll perform a urinalysis at your healthcare providers office or at a laboratory using the clean catch method, which is intended to help prevent contamination of your urine sample with cells from your genitals. You or your healthcare provider can also collect a urine sample using a catheter.

    For the clean catch method, your provider will give you a specimen cup, sterile wipes and specific instructions for collecting your urine sample. Your provider will tell you what to do with your urine sample after youve collected it. Its important to wash your hands with soap and water before you collect the sample.

    Collecting a clean catch urine sample if you have labia

    If you have labia, use the following steps to get a clean catch urine sample:

    • Start by sitting on the toilet with your legs spread apart.
    • Using two fingers, spread your labia open. Then, use one sterile wipe to clean the inner folds of your labia, wiping from front to back.
    • Use another sterile wipe to clean over your urethra, the opening where urine flows out of your body.
    • Urinate a small amount into the toilet.
    • Stop the flow of urine, and hold the specimen cup a few inches away from your urethra.
    • Urinate into the cup, filling it about half full or however full your provider instructed you to.
    • Finish urinating into the toilet.

    • Urinate a small amount into the toilet.
    • Fill your specimen cup about half full or however full your provider instructed you to.
    • Finish urinating into the toilet.

    More articles

    Popular Articles