How To Prevent Kidney Stones Utis And Kidney Infections
Preventing UTIs and kidney infections follow similar steps because they are both caused by bacteria. Some best practices to follow include3:
- Stay hydrated
- Go the bathroom when you feel the need to urinate
- Change out of sweaty or wet clothing as soon as possible
- Wipe front to back after using the restroom
- Urinating after sex
While some people are naturally more at risk for these infections, staying well hydrated and on top of personal hygiene can help you prevent these painful infections.
Because kidney stones are formed based on the chemicals in your urine, versus bacteria, prevention will look different from UTI and kidney infections. Your diet can contribute to kidney stones, so be aware that the following may increase your increase for certain kidney stones4:
- Red meat, organ meats and shellfish
- Sugar-sweetened food and drinks, especially those with high-fructose corn syrup
What Are The Common Causes
These stones can be the result of:
- Family history: you are more likely to get these stones if someone else in your family has dealt with them
- Personal history: if youve had kidney stones before, it increases the risk of getting them in the future
- Dehydration: resulting from not drinking enough water, excessive sweat, or a dry climate
- Obesity: being overweight is linked with higher risk of kidney stones
- Diets: if youre eating lots of salt, protein and sugar, youre raising your risk of these stones
- Medications: vitamin C, dietary supplements, excessive use of laxatives, and some drugs for migraines and depression can raise your chances of this condition
- Medical conditions: inflammatory bowel disease and chronic diarrhea can affect the way you absorb calcium and water, increasing your risk
These risk factors may lead too little liquid and too much waste. As a result, rather than passing waste substances in your urine, minerals and salts, waste materials you normally pass when you use the bathroom, may clump together and form crystals.
Prevention Of Future Stones
Once your health care provider finds out why you are forming stones, he or she will give you tips on how to prevent them. This may include changing your diet and taking certain medications. There is no “one-size-fits-all” diet for preventing kidney stones. Everyone is different. Your diet may not be causing your stones to form. But there are dietary changes that you can make to stop stones from continuing to form.
Drink enough fluids each day.
If you are not producing enough urine, your health care provider will recommend you drink at least 3 liters of liquid each day. This equals about 3 quarts . This is a great way to lower your risk of forming new stones. Remember to drink more to replace fluids lost when you sweat from exercise or in hot weather. All fluids count toward your fluid intake. But it’s best to drink mostly no-calorie or low-calorie drinks. This may mean limiting sugar-sweetened or alcoholic drinks.
Knowing how much you drink during the day can help you understand how much you need to drink to produce 2.5 liters of urine. Use a household measuring cup to measure how much liquid you drink for a day or two. Drink from bottles or cans with the fluid ounces listed on the label. Keep a log, and add up the ounces at the end of the day or 24-hour period. Use this total to be sure you are reaching your daily target urine amount of at least 85 ounces of urine daily.
Reduce the amount of salt in your diet.
Eat the recommended amount of calcium.
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What Is Kidney Infection
A kidney infection is caused by an irritation of the kidney, which causes whats known as pyelonephritis. The pyelonephritis bacteria can pass from person to person through urine which could lead to serious complications if left untreated.
Kidney infections also occur when there is a blockage in the urinary tract due to a stone or tumor. Its common for this to occur in women who are pregnant or have recently delivered. The symptoms of a kidney infection are usually quite different from those of a bladder infection and include fever, chills, abdominal pain, and blood in the urine.
Kidney infections can be caused by bacteria or viruses. Antibiotics that have been proven to work for kidney infections include ampicillin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, and aztreonam. Symptoms of a kidney infection include nausea and vomiting. Other symptoms may include increased thirst or urination as well as decreased appetite or weight loss.
Difference Between Kidney Stone And Uti Diagnosis
There are several different tests to help properly diagnose kidney stones, including blood tests to reveal calcium oxalate or uric acid, urine testing, imaging tests, and analysis of any stones that have passed.
Diagnosing UTIs consists of analyzing urine samples, growing urinary tract bacteria in a lab, creating images of the urinary tract if an abnormality is believed to be the cause of UTIs, and using a scope to see inside of the bladder, especially if UTIs are recurring.
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Passing A Kidney Stone
Small kidney stones may pass on their own without treatment. A doctor may recommend drinking more fluids to help flush the stone out of the system.
In some cases, the doctor may prescribe the medication Tamsulosin. This drug relaxes the ureter, making it easier for stones to pass. Some people may also require over-the-counter or prescription pain relief medication.
According to the AUA, a person should wait no longer than 6 weeks to pass a small kidney stone. They should seek medical attention sooner if they experience worsening pain or an infection.
In some cases, a doctor may recommend surgery to place a ureteral stent to allow urine to bypass the stone, with or without removing the stone at the same time. According to the Urology Care Foundation, doctors usually reserve surgery for stones that may have caused or lead to infection or stones that do not pass and block urine flow from the kidney.
Symptoms Of Kidney Stones
Small kidney stones may go undetected and be passed out painlessly in the urine. But it’s fairly common for a stone to block part of the urinary system, such as the:
- ureter the tube connecting the kidney to the bladder
- urethra the tube urine passes through on its way out of the body
A blockage can cause severe pain in the abdomen or groin and sometimes causes a urinary tract infection .
Read more about the symptoms of kidney stones.
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Utis Vs Kidney Infections: How To Tell The Difference
It starts with a sudden urge to go to the bathroom. Whether at work, school or running errands, you have to drop what youre doing and find a restroom now. But once you can finally relieve yourself, you cant go. Or, if you do go, it feels painful and uncomfortable.
If this has happened to you, it might have been a urinary tract infection or kidney infection.
Many people ignore signs of a bladder infection and wait it out until symptoms improve, says Dr. Ross Watson, a board-certified family practitioner at Beaufort Memorial Primary Care. But if you seek medical help, we can often resolve painful symptoms quickly.
Heres how to tell if you have a UTI or kidney infection and what you can do to start feeling better.
Do Kidney Stones Cause Utis
With similar symptoms in conditions, and the likelihood of suffering both at the same time, the question arises as to whether or not kidney stones cause UTIs. The answer is, yes, kidney stones can definitely cause someone to get a UTI, since they can represent a physical blockage that makes it more difficult to empty the bladder.
However, someone who has a UTI may also be causing the body to produce a kidney stone. When a patient gets a urinary tract infection, there is often excess urine sitting stagnant in the bladder, and it could even be in the kidneys, due to the swelling caused by the infection. This means that there is likely sediment buildup in both the kidneys and the bladder that is not being properly flushed out, and this can crystallize into kidney stones.
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Relief Without A Prescription
An over-the-counter drug called phenazopyridine can help ease your pain, burning, and irritation. It also controls your need to pee frequently and urgently.
But theres a catch. It only works on your symptoms. It doesnt cure your infection. You still need to see your doctor to make sure you get treatment to fight the bacteria thats causing your UTI.
Also, one common side effect: It turns your pee dark red or orange while you take it.
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Can I Prevent A Urinary Tract Infection
You can usually prevent a urinary tract infection with lifestyle changes. These tips can include:
In some post-menopausal women, a healthcare provider may suggest an estrogen-containing vaginal cream. This may reduce the risk of developing a UTI by changing the pH of the vagina. Talk to your healthcare provider if you have recurrent UTIs and have already gone through menopause.
Over-the-counter supplements are also available for UTIs. These are sometimes recommended for people who have frequent UTIs as another way to prevent them. Talk to your healthcare provider before starting any supplements and ask if these could be a good choice for you.
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Types Of Urinary Tract Conditions
A urinary tract infection refers to an infection in any area of the urinary tract. Conditions that can occur in the urinary tract or with the potential to lead to complicated infections include:
- Urethritis: An inflammation of the urethra, usually caused by an infection for example, a sexually transmitted disease such as chlamydia
- Cystitis: An infection in the bladder that has often moved up from the urethra, also one of the most common UTIs
- Nephritis: Any type of kidney inflammation
- Pyelonephritis: An infection in one or both kidneys
Treating And Preventing Kidney Stones
Most kidney stones are small enough to be passed in your urine, and it may be possible to treat the symptoms at home with medication.
Larger stones may need to be broken up using ultrasound or laser energy. Occasionally, keyhole surgery may be needed to remove very large kidney stones directly.
Read more about treating kidney stones.
It’s estimated that up to half of all people who have had kidney stones will experience them again within the following five years.
To avoid getting kidney stones, make sure you drink plenty of water every day so you don’t become dehydrated. It’s very important to keep your urine diluted to prevent waste products forming into kidney stones.
Read more about preventing kidney stones.
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When To See Your Doctor
See your doctor right away if you have signs of a urinary tract infection. A bladder infection is generally not a medical emergency but some people have a higher risk for complications. This includes pregnant women, the elderly, and men, as well as people with diabetes, kidney problems, or a weakened immune system.
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How Are Urinary Tract Infections Treated
You will need to treat a urinary tract infection. Antibiotics are medicines that kill bacteria and fight an infection. Antibiotics are typically used to treat urinary tract infections. Your healthcare provider will pick a drug that best treats the particular bacteria thats causing your infection. Some commonly used antibiotics can include:
- Quinolones .
Its very important that you follow your healthcare providers directions for taking the medicine. Dont stop taking the antibiotic because your symptoms go away and you start feeling better. If the infection is not treated completely with the full course of antibiotics, it can return.
If you have a history of frequent urinary tract infections, you may be given a prescription for antibiotics that you would take at the first onset of symptoms. Other patients may be given antibiotics to take every day, every other day, or after sexual intercourse to prevent the infection. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best treatment option for you if you have a history of frequent UTIs.
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Treatment For Kidney And Bladder Stones
It may be possible to pass small stones without surgical intervention. This will depend on several factors, including pain, whether the flow of urine is blocked and your overall kidney health.
When a stone is too big to pass or puts you at risk for adverse health effects, treatment is necessary. Advancements in surgical technology mean that stones are usually treated with minimally invasive procedures that result in a shorter hospital stay and faster recovery time.
At your consultation, you and your surgeon will discuss the different approaches for kidney or bladder stone removal, which, depending on your specific diagnosis, may include the following:
- Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy . An external device that resembles an X-ray machine delivers concentrated shock waves to break stones into smaller pieces that can be passed more easily.
- Ureteroscopy. A small telescope called a ureteroscope is inserted through the urethra and bladder to reach the kidney stone in the ureter, where it is either caught in a basket or fragmented with a laser.
- Percutaneous nephrolithotomy . The surgeon makes one small incision across the middle back and uses a thin tube to access, break up and remove the stone.
Key Points About Urinary Tract Infections
- Urinary tract infections are a common health problem that affects millions of people each year. These infections can affect any part of the urinary tract.
- Most UTIs are caused by E. coli bacteria, which normally live in the colon.
- The most common symptoms of UTIs include changes in urination such as frequency, pain, or burning urine looks dark, cloudy, or red and smells bad back or side pain nausea/vomiting and fever.
- Antibiotics are used to treat UTIs. Other treatments may include pain relievers, and drinking plenty of water to help wash bacteria out of the urinary tract.
- Other things that can be done may help reduce the likelihood of developing UTIs.
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Causes Of Utis Vs Causes Of Kidney Infection
Your urinary tract is normally well equipped to prevent infections. The regular passage of urine helps to flush pathogens out of the urinary tract.
When bacteria make their way into your urinary tract and begin to multiply, UTIs occur. This can lead to symptoms. These bacteria have often come from your gastrointestinal tract and spread from your anus into your urinary tract.
Women are more likely to develop UTIs than men. This is because the female urethra is shorter than the male urethra and closer to the anus. Bacteria have a shorter distance to travel in order to establish an infection.
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How Do Kidney Stones Form
Normally, your urine removes waste from your body including small crystals such as calcium, uric acid and oxalate that can be easily diluted and pass through your urinary system. However, when you produce more of these minerals than your urine can manage, the minerals can form kidney stones by sticking together in larger groups. This results in one of four different types of stones: calcium, struvite, uric acid and cystine.
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Difference Between Bladder And Kidney Infections
Kidney infections and bladder infections are both considered urinary tract infections. Although they share similar symptoms, there are differences to be aware of between the two. The signs and symptoms of a kidney infection vary greatly from person to person and normally develop within a day or as fast as a few hours.
Understanding the difference between a bladder and kidney infection can ensure you take the right steps towards healing and speed up doctor consultation sessions.
The difference between feline kidney disease vs urinary tract infection is a critical one. Understanding the two and how to treat them can be essential in maintaining your catâs good health. The better informed you are, the better the chance that youâll be able to prevent your cat from experiencing serious illness and even permanent damage.
Since both conditions involve the renal system and urine production, it is easy to confuse the two but they are very different and can carry very different consequences. By far, kidney disease is the more serious and dangerous of the two as it can affect the function of your catâs entire body.
Pyelonephritis And Caox Nephropathy Potentiate Each Other
Whereas 16S rRNA gene sequencing and EQUC consistently detected the presence of bacteria in the limited number of urinary stones that we analyzed, it is not known whether the association between bacteria and USD is causal, disease modifying or merely coincidental. To further evaluate the association between USD and bacteria, we compared the renal bacterial burden and CaOx deposit number per cross section in mice with CaOx nephropathy and pyelonephritis by transurethral inoculation of uropathogenic E. coli induced alone and in combination . The combination of CaOx and experimental pylenonephritis resulted in a 130-fold higher bacterial burden than experimental alone . Conversely, the CaOx deposit number normalized to mean cross section area was 2.7-fold higher when both CaOx and UPEC were present compared to CaOx nephropathy alone .
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Care For Pregnant Women
The hormonal and anatomical changes of pregnancy mean that being pregnant increases the risk for both urinary tract infections and yeast infections. Not only this but pregnant people and their unborn babies may experience more health complications with even simple infections. UTIs and yeast infections during pregnancy can lead to a higher risk of preeclampsia, premature labor, and low birth weight.
Pregnant women who think they have a UTI or a yeast infection should see their healthcare provider without delay, as these infections should be treated right away to prevent serious complications to both the mother and the child. Your healthcare provider can also help you pick the safest treatments, since some antibiotics and antifungals are not suitable for pregnant women.
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