Tuesday, April 16, 2024

Bladder Infection Or Kidney Stone

Must Read

Can Uti Tests Detect Kidney Stones

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) & Kidney Stones | Dr. Amit, Dr. Swadesh & Dr. Sudeep

Yes, both involve analyzing a sample of urine. The urine analysis test that can detect the presence of organisms causing a urinary tract infection can also be used to detect the presence of blood or minerals and acid salts.

Also, imaging tests tell the health care provider if there are abnormalities in the urinary tract, such as a kidney stone, how big the stone is, and where it is located.

What Are The Common Causes Of Urinary Tract Infection

Treatment for kidney infections can vary depending on the cause and severity of an infection. Infections in the urinary tract most commonly occur when bacteria travel through the urethra to the bladder to use urine as food for growth and multiplication. Excess levels of bacteria can lead to infections that, when they migrate to the kidneys, are known as kidney infections.

The most common cause of an infection in the urinary tract is from the bacteria Escherichia coli, also commonly referred to as E.coli. They are found in our colon and feces.

Improper wiping or toilet backsplash that accidentally causes the bacteria from the anus to contact the genitals is one of the most common ways to spread E. coli into the urinary tract. Bacteria transfer can also occur during sex irritation of the urethra from frequent sexual intercourse can increase womenâs likelihood to develop cystitis. Men or women who take part in unprotected anal sex are also more likely to develop urinary tract infections.

Certain sexually transmitted infections, including chlamydia, herpes, gonorrhea, and mycoplasma, can also lead to an infection that spreads to the kidneys. Holding your urine for six hours or more can give time for bacteria that enter the bladder to overgrow without being flushed out, increasing the risk of infection.

Other people at risk due to a condition that prevents proper voiding of urine from the body include those with:

What Is The Difference Between A Bladder Infection And A Kidney Infection

Kidney and bladder infections are both considered urinary tract infections. Although they share similar symptoms, there are differences between the two. A kidney infectionâs signs and symptoms vary significantly from person to person and normally develop within a day or as fast as a few hours.

Understanding the difference between a bladder and kidney infection can ensure you take the proper steps towards healing and speeding up doctor consultation sessions.

Read Also: Bcg Chemo For Bladder Cancer

Seek Treatment Right Away

It is very important to get medical treatment for a kidney infection as soon as possibledo not wait for it to go away on its own. Kidney infections that are not treated soon enough can cause permanent kidney damage or can spread to other parts of your body and cause an even more serious infection, such as an infection in your blood , which can be fatal.

If you have pain, talk to your doctor about taking over-the-counter pain medicines. You can also use a heating pad to help with pain. Also, be sure to drink plenty of water.

When Will I Begin To Feel Better

Signs That May Suggest You Have Kidney Stones or Bladder Stones

Once you start treatment, you should start to feel better in a few days.

Can I have sex while being treated for a kidney infection?After you have started treatment and your symptoms have gone away, it is usually safe to have sex. Remember to urinate after sex to avoid getting more bacteria in your urinary tract.

Read Also: How To Strengthen Your Bladder Female

What Treatments Are Available

Because of the intense pain often caused by kidney stones, many people need pain relief. Many describe it as the worst pain theyve ever felt.

If you have a kidney stone, you will be encouraged to drink a lot of water if you dont have a medical condition that limits the amount you may have. The extra fluid is to help wash the stone through your urinary system.

If the stone doesnt pass within a reasonable amount of time, your doctor may recommend extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy . Shock waves are sent through to the stone to break them down into smaller pieces that can be passed. Sometimes, surgery may be needed.

The stone should be removed because of the high risk of infection, which could in turn lead to sepsis.

How Long Does Back Pain Last With A Uti

Minor back pain may accompany UTIs. Once antibiotics are started, you should feel better within 12 to 24 hours.

However, untreated UTIs can cause severe infection and complications. Constant, dull, or severe pain can signify a kidney infection. Unlike muscular pain, this pain will be persistent and unrelieved by any alleviating factors.

UTI back pain will last until you begin antibiotic treatment for your UTI.

A UTI that has spread to the kidneys is a serious infection that will typically not go away on its own. Its extremely dangerous for an infection of this nature to go untreated.

If you are experiencing back pain from a UTI seek medical attention immediately, youll likely need antibiotics.

UTIs typically cause lower abdominal pain and not back pain. Lower abdominal pain can last 2-3 days with a UTI and longer for untreated UTIs.

You May Like: How Do I Get Rid Of A Bladder Infection

Recommended Reading: Pressure On Bladder When Lying Down

What Causes A Kidney Infection

Kidney infections are caused by bacteria or viruses.

Scientists believe that most kidney infections start as a bladder infection that moves upstream to infect one or both of your kidneys. Most often, the infection is caused by bacteria that normally live in your bowel. The urinary tract has several ways to prevent infection from moving up the urinary tract. For example, urination most often flushes out bacteria before it reaches the bladder. Sometimes your body cant fight the bacteria and the bacteria cause a UTI. If you dont get medical treatment to stop the infection, the bacteria may infect your kidneys.

In some cases, your blood can carry bacteria or viruses from another part of your body to your kidneys.

Kidney Stones Require Prompt Medical Care

Urinary/Kidney Stones – Overview (signs and symptoms, risk factors, pathophysiology, treatment)

Symptomatic kidney stones require medical care, regardless of the type or number of symptoms you have and regardless of the severity of your symptoms. Left untreated, even a single stone can cause kidney damage. If you have a history of kidney stones, it could be a sign of an underlying problem. As a top urologist in New York City, Dr. Michael Rotman is skilled in diagnosing and treating kidney stones so men and women can prevent serious complications and enjoy better health. If you’re having kidney stone symptoms or if you’ve had multiple kidney stones in the past, book an appointment online today.

You Might Also Enjoy…

Recommended Reading: Wellmate Pressure Tank Bladder Replacement

Additional Ui Design And Readability Adjustments

  • Font adjustments users, can increase and decrease its size, change its family , adjust the spacing, alignment, line height, and more.
  • Color adjustments users can select various color contrast profiles such as light, dark, inverted, and monochrome. Additionally, users can swap color schemes of titles, texts, and backgrounds, with over 7 different coloring options.
  • Animations epileptic users can stop all running animations with the click of a button. Animations controlled by the interface include videos, GIFs, and CSS flashing transitions.
  • Content highlighting users can choose to emphasize important elements such as links and titles. They can also choose to highlight focused or hovered elements only.
  • Audio muting users with hearing devices may experience headaches or other issues due to automatic audio playing. This option lets users mute the entire website instantly.
  • Cognitive disorders we utilize a search engine that is linked to Wikipedia and Wiktionary, allowing people with cognitive disorders to decipher meanings of phrases, initials, slang, and others.
  • Additional functions we provide users the option to change cursor color and size, use a printing mode, enable a virtual keyboard, and many other functions.
  • Pressure Or Pain In The Lower Back

    In some cases, a stone may become stuck in the ureter. The ureter is the tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder. A blockage here causes urine to back up in the kidney, resulting in pressure and pain sensations in the lower back. These symptoms may occur on the left or right side, depending on which kidney is affected.

    According to the University of Chicago, pain or pressure are usually the first signs of a kidney stone. In some cases, the symptoms may be very subtle and build up slowly. In other cases, they may come on suddenly, with no early warning signs. This pain can be severe and may lead to nausea or vomiting, or both. People often experience sharp, stabbing pain, and common measures such as rest or lying down do not relieve it.

    Recommended Reading: Herbal Remedies For Bladder Problems

    You Can Get A Uti From Having Sex

    There is a clear link between UTIs and sex. For many people, having sex causes UTIs to occur over and over again. Data shows that UTI symptoms most often begin about 2 days after having sexual intercourse.

    Sex can cause a UTI. This is because the friction involved in sexual activity pushes bacteria toward the urethra. Anything that allows or encourages bacteria to enter the urinary tract increases the risk of UTI.

    UTIs should be treated to keep them from getting worse. This usually requires a prescription for antibiotics. Since going to see your healthcare provider every time you have sex isnt a reasonable option for many people, its helpful to think ahead. There are things you can do to prevent a UTI before it starts.

    How Are Urinary Tract Infections Treated

    Understanding Kidney Stone

    Your health care provider will figure out the best treatment based on:

    • How old you are

    Treatment for UTIs may include:

    • Antibiotics
    • Other medications to ease pain
    • Heat to ease pain

    You may also need to make lifestyle changes such as:

    • Drinking plenty of water to help wash bacteria out of the urinary tract
    • Avoiding coffee, alcohol, and spicy foods
    • Quitting smoking

    Read Also: All Symptoms Of Bladder Infection

    Who Gets Kidney Stones

    As with UTIs, anyone can develop one or more kidney stones. However, some are more predisposed to kidney stones than others. Some of the risk factors for kidney stones are:

    • History. If the patient or their family has a history of kidney stones, the patient is more likely to develop kidney stones again or as well.
    • Dehydration. The concentration of sediment in urine is much higher when someone is dehydrated, making it much more likely that kidney stones will form.
    • Diet. Those people who are on a high protein diet or consume large amounts of salt or sugar are more apt to have kidney stones, since this can increase the amount of calcium in the kidneys.
    • Digestiveproblems or gastric surgery. Inflammatory bowel disease , gastric bypass surgery, and chronic diarrhea all compromise the bodys ability to absorb both calcium and water, both of which will lead to a higher possibility of kidney stones.
    • Obesity. Science has linked high body mass index to an increase in risk for kidney stones.

    When To See A Doctor

    A person should talk to their doctor if they experience symptoms of a UTI, such as pain, fever, and frequent urination. The doctor will conduct tests to help determine whether the symptoms are those of a UTI or a kidney stone. In either case, a person may require treatment.

    Additionally, if abdominal or back pain is so severe that it requires pain medication, or if a person experiences unrelenting nausea or vomiting alongside pain, they should seek medical care.

    In order to diagnose a kidney stone, a doctor may order an imaging test, such as an ultrasound or CT scan. These tests can also indicate the size and location of the stone.

    A urinalysis will determine if infection or blood is present in the urine, and a doctor will carry out a blood test to check for more severe signs of infection.

    Read Also: Is It Normal To Lose Bladder Control When You Faint

    Symptoms Of A Kidney Stone

    Small stones move into the bladder and out of the body with minimal symptoms.

    Larger stones, though, can become lodged in the ureter, block urine flow and cause sharp pain in your back, side, lower abdomen or groin, and blood in your urine. Symptoms may also include burning urination, nausea, and fever. Fever could indicate a serious infection, a reason to call to your doctor immediately.

    The location of your pain signals the location of your kidney stone:

    What Can Happen If A Uti Is Not Treated

    What causes kidney stones? – Arash Shadman

    If treated right away, a UTI is not likely to damage your urinary tract. But if your UTI is not treated, the infection can spread to the kidneys and other parts of your body. The most common symptoms of kidney infection are fever and pain in the back where the kidneys are located. Antibiotics can also treat kidney infections.

    Sometimes the infection can get in the bloodstream. This is rare but life-threatening.

    Recommended Reading: How Do You Calm An Overactive Bladder

    How Is Kidney Infection Diagnosed

    Kidney infection may be diagnosed by a physician by performing a complete physical examination and taking a detailed medical history. The evaluation includes checking the vital signs , assessing for signs of dehydration, and checking for tenderness on the mid and lower back. In young, female patients a pelvic exam may also be necessary to evaluate for pelvic infection . A pregnancy test may also be performed.

    A urinalysis test is essential for the diagnosis of kidney infection. The urine sample must be properly collected. The urethra needs to be wiped clean properly before the sample is collected in order to avoid contamination of urine by the bacteria on the skin around the urethra. The initial stream of urine is preferably voided in the toilet before collecting urine in the provided container. This is called the mid-stream, clean-catch urine. After an appropriate amount of urine is collected in the container, the remaining urine may also be voided in the toilet.

    A urinalysis suggestive of an infection in the urine in general, is highly suggestive and supportive of the diagnosis of kidney infection or urinary tract infection. A urine sample without evidence of urine infection makes kidney infection unlikely and another diagnosis may be considered.

    Can I Prevent Bladder Stones

    It may not be possible to prevent bladder stones, but you can lower your risk by drinking plenty of water. Water dilutes minerals in your urine, so theyre less likely to clump together and form stones. Ask your healthcare provider how much water you should drink every day.

    Talk to your provider if youre a man over age 50, especially if you have an enlarged prostate. Your provider may recommend specific techniques or medications to help you empty your bladder.

    For patients with certain types of stones, modifying your diet or using specific medications based on the stone type, may help reduce future stones.

    Read Also: Not Able To Control Bladder

    Diagnosis Of Kidney Stones

    When you have kidney stone symptoms, as described above, see your health care provider. Shell check your medical history, give you a physical examination, and order imaging tests, as needed.

    Your doctor may ask you to drink extra fluid to help flush out the stone. By straining your urine, you may be able to save a piece of the stone. This will enable your doctor to determine the type of stone, what may be causing the condition, and how to reduce your risk of recurring stones.

    If your stone doesnt flush out, your doctor may order a high-resolution CT scan from the kidneys to the bladder or a KUB X-ray to determine the size and location of the stone.

    Another test used for some patients is the intravenous pyelogram , an X-ray of the urinary tract taken after injecting dye.

    Can You Have A Uti And Kidney Stones At The Same Time

    PCNL Surgery For Kidney Stone Removal

    Yes, you can have both an infection and a kidney stone in a few cases. However, there is the chicken or the egg dilemma in medical research.

    It is a known fact that kidney stones that cause blockage can lead to urinary tract infections. Also, recent studies show that bacteria play a role in forming kidney stones such as struvite stones.

    Read Also: Can Bladder Infections Clear Up On Their Own

    What Is A Kidney Infection Is It The Same As A Urinary Tract Infection

    The main components of the urinary tract system are the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Any part of the urinary system may become infected and this is generally referred to as a urinary tract infection . When a kidney becomes infected, the condition is medically referred to as pyelonephritis. Thus, kidney infection is only one of several types of infections encompassed by the term UTI. The spectrum of UTIs includes:

    How Are Kidney Stones Treated

    Kidney stones are treated based on several factors including the severity of pain, the location of the stone, and the presence of infection. Most stones less than 5 mm in diameter are easily passed on their own while those that are larger than 10 mm require further treatment. Most patients can be treated at home while others require admission to the hospital. If a stone is too large to pass on its own, is extremely painful, or is obstructing, a surgical procedure or another procedural attempt to dislodge/break up the stone may be indicated. These procedures are performed by urologists who are surgeons of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder.

    Most stones do not require an invasive procedure. You can pass a small stone by:

    • Drinking as much as 2-3 liters of water a day to flush your kidneys
    • Medication for pain and nausea
    • Intravenous fluids
    • Medical therapy to relax the muscles of the ureter

    Stones that are too large or cause severe symptoms need more extensive therapy such as:

    • Shock wave lithotripsy to break down stones
    • Scopes to remove stones
    • Surgery

    Although a urologist may be seen for acute kidney stone needs, a nephrologist should be seen for long term management.

    Read Also: How Is Bladder Cancer Staged

    More articles

    Popular Articles