Sunday, July 7, 2024

Overactive Bladder In Young Adults

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How Can I Reduce My Risk Of Developing Overactive Bladder

Taming An Overactive Bladder

Lifestyle adjustments can help reduce your risk of developing an overactive bladder. These may include:

  • Maintaining a weight thats healthy for you.
  • Drinking caffeine and alcohol in moderation.
  • Drinking the proper amount of fluids each day. Too many fluids can worsen your symptoms, while not drinking enough can irritate your bladder lining and increase the severity of your urges.
  • Exercising regularly.
  • Performing Kegels or other pelvic floor exercises.
  • Managing conditions that may cause OAB, such as diabetes or UTIs.

Who Does Overactive Bladder Affect

Overactive bladder is most common in people 65 and older. Women may have OAB at a younger age, usually around 45.

How common is overactive bladder?

Overactive bladder is common. It affects up to 33 million adults in the U.S., including as many as 30% of men and 40% of women. However, that number may be higher because many people may feel embarrassed and wont get help.

How does overactive bladder affect my body?

Overactive bladder symptoms can cause stress and affect your quality of life.

How Do I Control Urges When Resetting My Bladder

Controlling your urges is a key step in resetting your bladder. The following strategies may help:

  • Stop what youre doing and stay put. Stand quietly or sit down, if possible. Remain as still as possible. When youre still, its easier to control your urges.
  • Squeeze your pelvic floor muscles quickly several times . Dont fully relax in between Kegels.
  • Relax the rest of your body. Take several deep breaths to help you let go of any tension.
  • Concentrate on suppressing your urge to pee.
  • Wait until the urge goes away.
  • Walk to the bathroom at a normal pace. Dont rush. Continue squeezing your pelvic floor muscles quickly while you walk.

Patience is important. Retraining your bladder usually takes at least six to eight weeks to see results. Talk to a healthcare provider if you have any questions or arent happy with your progress. They may prescribe medications for you to take while youre resetting your bladder to help you achieve the best outcome.

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How Do I Do Kegel Exercises

To do Kegels:

  • Lie down. It may be easier to learn how to do Kegels correctly while lying down. You dont have to lie down once you learn to do Kegels correctly.
  • Squeeze the muscles in your genital area as if you were trying to stop the flow of urine or passing gas. Try not to squeeze the muscles in your belly or legs at the same time. Try to squeeze only the pelvic muscles. Be extra careful not to tighten your stomach, legs, or buttocks .
  • Relax.Squeeze the muscles again and hold for 3 seconds. Then relax for 3 seconds. Work up to 3 sets of 10 each day.
  • Practice Kegels anywhere. When your muscles get stronger, try doing Kegels while sitting or standing. You can do these exercises at any time, such as while sitting at your desk or in the car, waiting in line, or doing the dishes. Dont do Kegel exercises at the same time you are urinating. This can weaken your pelvic floor muscles over time.10
  • If you are uncomfortable or uncertain about doing Kegel exercises on your own, a doctor or nurse can also teach you how to do Kegels. A pelvic floor physical therapist or other specialist may also be available in your area to help teach you how to strengthen these muscles.

    What Causes Overactive Bladder In Children

    Essential Oils for Overactive Bladder Syndrome &  How to Use

    Children with overactive bladders have a need to urinate more often than usual because their bladder muscles have uncontrollable spasms. The muscles surrounding the urethra — the tube from the bladder that urine passes through — can be affected. These muscles are meant to prevent urine from leaving the body, but they may be “overridden” if the bladder undergoes a strong contraction.

    Urinary tract infections can cause a need to urinate as the urinary tract becomes inflamed and uncomfortable. Certain neurological conditions may cause these symptoms.

    Another cause of overactive bladder is a condition called pollakiuria, or frequent daytime urination syndrome. Children who have pollakiuria urinate frequently. In some cases, they may urinate every five to 10 minutes or urinate between 10 and 30 times a day. This condition is most common among children aged 3 to 8 and is present only during waking hours. There are no other symptoms present. Doctors believe that pollakiuria is related to stress. Usually, the condition goes away after two to three weeks without requiring treatment.

    Other causes of overactive bladder in children include:

    • consumption of caffeine, which increases urine output and can cause spasms in the bladder muscle
    • consumption of ingredients that a child may be allergic to
    • events that cause anxiety
    • refraining from completely emptying the bladder when on the toilet
    • obstructive slep apnea

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    Research And Statistics: How Many People Have Overactive Bladder

    Estimates as high as 30 percent of men and 40 percent of women will develop symptoms of overactive bladder at some point in their life, according to the American Urological Association.

    In addition, almost one-half of all women will leak urine at some point, and as many as one in three older men leaks urine, according to the according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

    Its important to note that these numbers may underestimate the extent of overactive bladder, since many people are reluctant to report their symptoms due to embarrassment or lack of knowledge that treatments are available.

    How Is Urinary Incontinence Treated

    There are number of options for treating urinary incontinence, some of which may be used in combination. If constipation is thought to be causing the urinary incontinence, the doctors may suggest reviewing what foods the child is eating and their toileting habits. They may also suggest managing the childs fluid intake for a while to see if this improves the incontinence. Medicines can be prescribed to reduce the sensitivity of the bladder or reduce the amount of urine produced by the body. Some medicines are best only given in short bursts to cover a special occasion as they can have side effects.

    There are a number of behavioural interventions to help with urinary incontinence. These include bladder retraining, pelvic floor exercises and biofeedback training.

    A fairly new form of treatment for urinary incontinence is tibial nerve stimulation, which involves passing a low electrical charge through a nerve in the ankle, which then relaxes the nerves controlling the muscles around the bladder.

    In rare circumstances, surgery might be suggested to improve urinary incontinence. This could include injections into the sphincter to strengthen or relax it. Major surgery, for instance, if a childs bladder capacity is too small, an operation called a bladder augmentation might be suggested.

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    What Are The Causes Of Overactive Bladder

    In many cases, the cause of OAB is not easily identifiable. OAB symptoms are more common as one gets older, but should not be considered an untreatable consequence of aging. Also, OAB can occur in young women as well. Some women will experience OAB after childbirth or pelvic surgery. Certain neurological conditions can cause OAB symptoms including multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, and spinal cord injury.

    Bladder Has Two Distinct Roles

    New treatment to help patients with overactive bladder
  • Storage of urine: The storage of urine differentiates adults from infants and allows us to be social without the constant leakage of urine. Under control of the brain the bladder muscle is inhibited from contracting and the urethra is contracted to aid in storage of urine.
  • Voiding phase : As the bladder fills to capacity increasing messages are sent to the brain to void . When comfortable to void the bladder contracts and the urethra relaxes to allow voiding. Women pass urine much faster then men, at a rate of 30-50 mls a second.
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    What Causes An Overactive Bladder

    The exact cause of an overactive bladder is a mystery. However, several factors are known to contribute to the involuntary contraction of the bladder muscle, improper bladder function, and other symptoms associated with an overactive bladder.

    Some nervous system abnormalities that can cause an overactive bladder include:

    • Spinal cord injury

    Other causes of overactive bladder can include:

    • Nerve damage or trauma caused by surgery or certain therapies
    • Trauma to the pelvis or abdomen
    • Urinary Tract Infection
    • Bladder cancer/tumours
    • Enlarged prostate

    There are also several risk factors that can increase the chances of an overactive bladder. These include:

    • Age the risk of overactive bladder increases as you age
    • Gender women tend to be more susceptible than men because menstruation, pregnancy and menopause all lead to a rise in oestrogen levels and weaker pelvic floor muscles. For men, an enlarged prostate or damage from prostate surgery can cause an overactive bladder.
    • Obesity increased weight puts additional pressure on the bladder.
    • Diabetes can affect the nerves that control bladder function.
    • Pregnancy causes excess pressure on the bladder.
    • Spinal injury damage to the spinal cord can disrupt signals sent to the bladder, causing involuntary contract of bladder muscles.

    From Leaking Urine To Sudden Urges To Go: An Ob

    You dont have to suffer in silence there are many treatment options available.

    Whether its a few drops of leaking urine or a complete emptying of the bladder, incontinence is a bladder control issue that women are twice as likely to have as men. And by the time a womanhas made an appointment to talk about what shes dealing with, she has had enough.

    Incontinence can be embarrassing, super annoying, and costly. But you dont have to suffer in silence there are many treatment options available.

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    What Questions Should I Ask A Healthcare Provider

    • How do you know that I have an overactive bladder?
    • Whats the cause of my overactive bladder?
    • Whats a normal number of times to pee each day?
    • How much should I drink each day?
    • What fluids should I drink?
    • What fluids should I avoid drinking?
    • What foods should I eat?
    • What foods should I avoid eating?
    • What treatments do you recommend?
    • Are there any side effects to your recommended treatment?
    • What medications do you recommend?
    • Are there any side effects to your recommended medications?
    • Are there any other lifestyle changes I can make?
    • Can you recommend a support group for people with overactive bladder?

    A note from Cleveland Clinic

    Overactive bladder is a common condition that causes changes in your bathroom habits, which can be embarrassing. Many people struggle to talk to a healthcare provider about their symptoms. However, providers can help answer any of your questions without judgment. They can determine the cause of your overactive bladder and work with you to develop the best treatment plan. If you have symptoms of overactive bladder, talk to a healthcare provider so you can regain control of your bathroom habits and improve your quality of life.

    What Steps Can I Take At Home To Treat Urinary Incontinence

    Incontinencia Urinaria Fotografías e imágenes de stock

    Your doctor or nurse may suggest some things you can do at home to help treat urinary incontinence. Some people do not think that such simple actions can treat urinary incontinence. But for many women, these steps make urinary incontinence go away entirely, or help leak less urine. These steps may include:

    You can also buy pads or protective underwear while you take other steps to treat urinary incontinence. These are sold in many stores that also sell feminine hygiene products like tampons and pads.

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    How Is Overactive Bladder Diagnosed

    A healthcare provider can diagnose overactive bladder by reviewing your symptoms and conducting a physical examination of the organs around your pelvis and rectum. They may ask you questions such as:

    • What are your symptoms?
    • How long have you had these symptoms?
    • Do you have a family history of overactive bladder?
    • What over-the-counter and prescription drugs do you take?
    • What kinds of fluids do you drink during the day?
    • What time of day do you drink certain fluids?
    • What do you eat during the day?

    They may also refer you to a urologist. A urologist is a doctor who specializes in diseases and conditions that affect your urinary tract and reproductive system.

    The Overactive Bladder Diet

    Over 33 million Americans live with overactive bladder, a condition where the hallmark symptoms are an urgent and frequent need to empty your bladder even if youve just done so.

    And, many people with overactive bladder also experience bladder leaks, or incontinence, when theyre not able to make it to a bathroom in time.

    Overactive bladder is more common in older adults, but it can occur in anyone men, women, young or old. People with overactive bladder may find the condition frustrating, and it may even lead to a reduced quality of life, since many are afraid of having an accident in public if a bathroom cannot be located in time. Many people with OAB have reported distancing themselves from family and friends, and avoid doing things they once loved.

    Luckily, there are a number of treatment options for people with OAB, but a key to relieving overactive bladder symptoms may just be hiding in your kitchen. Your diet actually plays a huge role in your bladder health. Eating the right foods can help calm an overactive bladder, and eating the wrong foods may just make your symptoms worse.

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    Overactive Bladder In Women

    Women are more likely to report symptoms of OAB to their doctor. In fact, at least 40 percent of American women experience symptoms of overactive bladder. Many more may not report the experiences to their doctor at all.

    Overactive bladder consists of a series of symptoms that cause you to need to urinate more frequently. These symptoms include

    • feeling a sudden need to urinate
    • not being able to control urination
    • urinating at least two times every night
    • urinating at least eight times every day

    Its not clear what causes overactive bladder, but OAB becomes more common in women after menopause. That may be the result of estrogen deficiency. However, overactive bladder can occur at any age.

    Overactive bladder is a common childhood condition, but not every accident or soiled bed is the result of OAB. Children frequently grow out of overactive bladder symptoms, but treatment can help prevent frequent urination or complications.

    Symptoms of OAB in children include:

    • an urgent or frequent need to urinate
    • accidents or leaking urine
    • urinating more than eight times in a day
    • not feeling as if theyve emptied their bladder despite urinating

    Symptoms of OAB become less common as children get older. With age, kids learn to properly control their bladder and recognize signals that they need to urinate. If symptoms of overactive bladder dont seem to be resolving or are getting worse, talk with your childs doctor.

    Causes of OAB in children include:

    • urinary tract infection

    Try Pelvic Floor Therapy

    Medical Consultation with Dr. Jennifer Jose

    Pelvic floor therapy is a type of specialized physical therapy that strengthens the muscles that support your bladder and bowels. This can be very effective in treating urinary incontinence caused by an overactive bladder.

    During pelvic floor therapy, a physical therapist may lead you through exercises that target your pelvic floor, use mild electrical stimulation to help you have more awareness of your pelvic floor muscles, and use other specialized techniques. If youre interested in pelvic floor therapy, talk with a doctor about getting a referral.

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    Sexual Differences In Incidence

    In the NOBLE study, the prevalence of OAB was similar in women and men . However, the prevalence of incontinence associated with OAB differed. Among women, 9.3% reported having OAB with incontinence 7.6% reported having OAB without incontinence. In contrast, more men reported having OAB without incontinence than with incontinence . In women, the prevalence of OAB with urgency urinary incontinence increased with increasing body mass index , whereas in men, no difference was found.

    Milsom et al, in a population-based survey of 16,776 men and women aged 40 years or older from the general population in Europe, found the overall prevalence of OAB symptoms to be 16.6%. The main outcome measures included the prevalence of urinary frequency , urinary urgency, and urgency incontinence.

    Frequency was the most common symptom , followed by urgency and urgency incontinence . The prevalence of OAB increased with age, and rates in men and women were similar. Symptoms of urinary urgency and frequency were similar between both sexes, but urgency incontinence was more prevalent in women than in men.

    OAB in men is often related to obstruction therefore, it may be important to differentiate between obstruction and irritative symptoms before the initiation of treatment.

    How Is Incontinence Evaluated

    The first step toward relief is to see a doctor who has experience treating incontinence to learn what type you have. A urologist specializes in the urinary tract, and some urologists further specialize in the female urinary tract. Gynecologists and obstetricians specialize in the female reproductive tract and childbirth. A urogynecologist focuses on urinary and associated pelvic problems in women. Family practitioners and internists see patients for all kinds of health conditions. Any of these doctors may be able to help you. In addition, some nurses and other health care providers often provide rehabilitation services and teach behavioral therapies such as fluid management and pelvic floor strengthening.

    To diagnose the problem, your doctor will first ask about symptoms and medical history. Your pattern of voiding and urine leakage may suggest the type of incontinence you have. Thus, many specialists begin with having you fill out a bladder diary over several days. These diaries can reveal obvious factors that can help define the problem â including straining and discomfort, fluid intake, use of drugs, recent surgery, and illness. Often you can begin treatment at the first medical visit.

    If your diary and medical history do not define the problem, they will at least suggest which tests you need.

    Behavioral Remedies: Bladder Retraining and Kegel Exercises

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