The Real Costs Of Treating Cat Injuries And Disease
Understand what may cause urinary problems in cats. This can help you better understand how to reduce the risk of your cat developing problems with their urinary tract. Some of the common causes of urinary tract problems in cats include: 1. Stones or crystals. Debris may accumulate within the cat’s urethra or their bladder Male cats are not able to pass stones/urine crystals due to the anatomy of their urethra and having a blockage could result in him dying in as little as 24hrs. The cost of the life saving care to remove the initial obstruction and the next surgery to remove the bladder stones is projected to be expensive and I unfortunately do not have the. At a glance. About: A liver shunt is an abnormal connection between the portal vein and the liver which allows blood to shunt around the liver. As the liver is responsible for detoxifying the blood and processing nutrients, cats with a liver shunt will build up in the blood, which leads to hepatic encephalopathy as well as stunted growth due to a lack of stored energy compounds Conditions. We are experienced in providing veterinary care for a number of clinical dog and cat conditions. Learn more about the causes, symptoms to be aware of, and how to treat them. If you’re worried about your pet’s health, book a free consultation to have a chat with one of our experienced vets or nurses to discuss their condition
Causes Of Bladder Stones In Cats
There are several types of stones that may form in a cats bladder, and these may form for a variety of reasons.
While there are at least four types of bladder stones a cat could develop, a majority of cases are caused by only two types. One is called magnesium ammonium phosphate, or struvite. The other is called calcium oxalate. They can both have different causes.
What Is A Perineal Urethrostomy And When Are They Performed
A perineal urethrostomy is a surgical procedure that widens the opening of the urethra and it is performed on both cats and dogs.
In male cats, the urethral canal becomes narrow and can be prone to blockages from mucous plugs, stones or sediment in the urine. Your veterinarian may recommend the surgery if your cat becomes frequently blocked, which is a very dangerous situation and deadly if left untreated, or if the blockage has caused a lot of trauma to the urethra.
In male dogs, the urethra may become blocked with stones or has received trauma .
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Flea Treatment For Cats And Dogs
Not many people realise quite how serious a problem fleas can be for your beloved pet. The most obvious problem is skin irritation and this can be quite severe, particularly in pets that are allergic to flea bites. As always prevention is better than cure. In most cases by the time you see fleas on your animals you may already have a flea infestation in your house.
To prevent a build up of fleas in the environment it is essential that the flea treatment kills ALL adult fleas on the animal quickly before they have time to lay eggs. It is important to treat all animals in the household at the same time to break the flea life cycle. With heavy burdens it will probably be necessary to treat the environment as well. The ideal flea treatment should also have long lasting action, be easy to apply and be non-toxic to both animals and humans.
There are a wide range of flea treatments available such as pour ons, tablets, collars, sprays, shampoos and powders. Some of these items which are not purchased through a Veterinary Clinic may contain toxic properties of organpophosphates or permethrin.
At Matamata Veterinary Services we stock safe and effective quality products. The names and features of these products are:
Pack Size: Singles
Treats: Fleas Only
Age: Dogs 8 weeks of age and over 1.5 Kg Cats 8 weeks of age and over 0.6 Kg
Additional: Not tested in pregnant, lactating and breeding bitches
Bladder Stones In Cats
Bladder stones, also known as uroliths, are stony collections of minerals, crystals, and organic material that collect in the bladder. People can get them, but so can your cat. They happen as a result of some kind of inflammation or disease. These rocks can remain small in cats, or they might grow to be several millimeters in diameter or larger. Stones can rub against the walls of the bladder, causing inflammation and pain.
Bladder stones can also block the urethra and make it difficult or even impossible for your cat to urinate. Depending on the minerals that make up the stone, its shape and size will vary. The two most common types of bladder stone are struvite and calcium oxalate stones.
What Should I Do If I Suspect That My Cat Has A Urethral Obstruction
As I started out with and highlighted in the first post of this series A cat that cannot pee is a cat thats going to die, unless appropriate veterinary medical care is obtained immediately. Urethral obstruction is a very severe, very acute, very critical medical emergency.
This is an important enough point to highlight here again, and it nicely answers the first question here in this blog post too. If you think your cat has a urethral obstruction, or if there is any question of it, you should bring them immediately for veterinary evaluation.This is not a condition to trifle with, and it is certainly not one to wait until your vets office opens in the morning or after the weekend doing so will certainly result in greater treatment and hospitalization costs, and this is the best-case scenario. The more likely result of such delay will be a dead cat and one that has died a painful and unpleasant death.Along those same lines, it’s important to understand that there are no safe and effective first aid steps that you can, or should, perform at home for a blocked cat. Aside from the fact that it isnt likely to be effective if you try to express their bladder yourself there is also a good chance that you may actually cause it to rupture.
Are Prescription Diets Always Necessary In Cats With A History Of Bladder Stones
I have 4 yr old cat with a history of bladder stones. When she was two she was rushed into emergency surgery because her uterus was so swollen it was pressing on her other organs and at the same time she had bladder stones very badly so much they they were coming out and she had over a dozen actually embedded in the walls of her bladder which they had to call in a specialist to treat. Its been two years and shes been on a prescription diet since then and shes been healthy and fine ever since with no incidents but now my vet and others in town are only able to get in the dry urinary prescription food and say they wont be carrying the wet anymore, and ive heard from other people that theyve had success with raw diets or only wet food diets. Im wondering if thats true? Im willing to keep paying for the prescription food but the price difference for a pet store bought urinary care royal canin bag of cat food is 32$. And the same size of prescription food is 65$. For just over a month supply of dry food. So if theres other options id like to try them. But i also understand my cats situation with bladder stones might be more severe than most. Anybody have any advice they can give?
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Diagnosing Bladder Stones In Cats
There are two methods of diagnosing bladder stones in cats. First, if the stone is big enough, your vet may be able to feel it by pressing on your cats abdomen. Most smaller stones must be diagnosed through ultrasounds or radiographs. These methods also help determine the cause of the stones. Your vet may start by performing a urinalysis, which can point to the likelihood of stones or help determine the likely type of stone.
Can Bladder Stones Be Prevented
Prevention is possible in many cases. There are at least four types of bladder stones in cats, each based on what they are made up of. If bladder stones are removed surgically or if small ones pass in the urine, they should be analyzed for their chemical composition. This allows your veterinarian to determine if a special diet or medication is appropriate. Regular checks of urine samples, or ultrasound examination of the bladder are helpful in all cases to detect early return of the problem and allow adjustments in diet or treatment.
|Contributors: Malcolm Weir, DVM, MSc, MPH Ernest Ward, DVM|
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How To Prevent Bladder Stones
The most reliable way to prevent bladder stones is by feeding your cat a prescription diet.
The most reliable method to prevent bladder stones in cats is to keep a kitty on a prescription diet specific for that purpose. These diets are typically lower in magnesium and phosphorus, and are designed to keep the urine pH neutral. Both calcium oxalate and struvite stones can be prevented with a prescription diet.
For a prescription diet to work, it has to be eaten exclusively. With a couple exceptions, these diets are well-balanced and can also be fed to other cats in the home long term.
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In situations where a prescription diet may not be affordable, or a picky eater at home defeats the purpose, the goal would be to at least increase the moisture of food and water intake to keep the urine more dilute.
This can be achieved by increasing the percentage of wet food in the diet, adding water to dry food, and encouraging more water intake with multiple water bowls and running water sources, like a kitty water fountain. Unfortunately, these methods alone are not as successful, and recurrence of stones can occur.
Much less commonly, an underlying disorder may also be present that needs to be treated to prevent stones from forming. An example would include idiopathic hypercalcemia in cats contributing to calcium oxalate stone formation.
Increasing Your Pets Safety During Veterinary Surgery
Keeping your pet safe involves several important steps before, during, and after their procedure.
- First, we need to examine your pet and do bloodwork to assess organ function. This helps us know if your pet has an underlying illness or is healthy and ready for veterinary surgery. We also use our findings to determine proper anesthesia and monitoring protocols.
- For optimal pain control, we premedicate our patients with the appropriate medication. We also place an IV catheter for fluid support and other medications that may need to be given during the surgery.
- A trained technician assists the veterinarian during surgery to monitor your pets vitals and keep them stable throughout.
- Following the surgery, your pet is kept in a dedicated recovery area to awaken from anesthesia. They are closely monitored during this time to make sure they awaken safely.
Helping your pet recover at home is also important to us. Before you take your pet home with you, we will provide clear, printed instructions for you to follow. If your pet has any problems during their recovery at home, dont hesitate to call us at or bring them in for a checkup. Keeping your pet healthy and pain-free is always our main concern.
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Dentistry For Cats And Dogs
Plaque and tartar accumulation are a common finding in our pets and can quickly cause gum infection, tooth root disease pain and infection in the blood stream, heart and kidneys. We believe pets deserve the best in dental care, so provide the best dental services we can.
All of our dental patients are under a full general anaesthetic with intubation to protect their airways from the moisture of the dental procedure. They are placed on a warming pad with warm blankets over their bodies and have monitoring equipment to include pulse oximetry , respiratory and blood pressure where needed.
Intravenous fluids are administered using an automated drip pump to ensure accurate fluid administration.
Teeth are charted before and after the dental and photos can be taken to show owners the difference the dental procedure can make.
Pain relief is given in the form of oral nerve blocks, opioids, and post-op non-steroidal anti-inflammatories. Antibiotics are given when necessary.
We have a high speed iM3 GS deluxe LED dental cart with an iM3 scaler, which allows our vets to give the safest and most effective dental care available.
After the dental procedure we are able to have a detailed consultation with you to help maintain your pets oral health to minimise the need for dental procedures in the future.
Vet Treatment Prices & Offers Animal Trust Not For
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Are Bladder Stones Common In Cats
As with most things, everything is relative. Bladder stones in cats tend to be less common than in dogs, but most vets will still see a couple cases a year in cats.
Bladder stones are only the second most common cause of feline lower urinary tract disease in a cat contributing to less than ¼ of occurrences. Idiopathic cystitis, or inflammation of the bladder of unknown cause, accounts for about of FLUTD cases.
Likewise, a majority of urinary blockages are caused by a plug made of sandy mineral grit and mucus combined with urinary tract inflammation, and less commonly by actual stones.
Why Do Cats Pee Out Of The Litter Box
The state or quality of the litter in the box is often the cause of out-of-box urination. A litter box that is not cleaned regularly, especially in a multi cat household, can turn a cat off from visiting his litter box. He may instead choose a more pleasant place to go, such as on the living room carpet.
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Cat Urinary Blockage Surgery Costs And Treatments
If you have a cat, you know how difficult it can be to know if something is wrong with them. Cats are great at hiding any sort of pain. They can even go for days with something being wrong without ever giving you a clue. Unfortunately, usually when cats start to act out of sorts, they have become very sick.
When we talk about a blockage in a cat, we are usually referring either to a urinary blockage or an intestinal blockage. Both of these scenarios are life-threatening situations. Both of them are also quite expensive to treat. We will discuss urinary blockage below and give you an idea of approximate costs as well.
Nutrition For Cats And Dogs
As with humans, nutrition is the basis of good health in animals. Overweight or underweight animals can have serious health problems later in life.
- Adult dogs should be on a maintenance adult food as per their breed size
- No supplementation is needed as they are getting a balanced diet
- Mature dogs should be on mature food as per their breed size
- Special diets are available for pets who experience joint pain, which is common in older animals.
Never feed cooked bones to your dog as they can splinter and cause blockages resulting in vomiting and constipation. You also need to be aware that raw chicken can contain salmonella and may also cause gastric problems with your dog.
Biscuits as a predominant diet are usually easier to deal with. Wet food is made up of 80% water and tends to stick to their teeth and can cause tooth decay. Dry biscuits are better for their teeth and cleaner for their owner to deal with. Pets on dry food need regular access to fresh clean water
Cats and Kittens
Please note that de-sexed animals may need 25% less food than non-desexed animals. This is because de-sexed animals are more prone to putting on weight.
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Average Cost Of Urinary Tract Treatment
Simple urinary tract infections can be treated with one or two visits to the veterinarian. This will cost $200 to $500, depending on how extensive the diagnostics and treatments are.
On the other hand, urinary blockages need emergency attention and surgery. Types of urinary crystals in the bladder may also need surgery.
For feline urethral obstruction and feline uroliths costs include diagnostics, medical treatment, and surgery. You can expect to pay $800 to $2,200. The price mainly varies based on the severity and urgency of the case.
- Symptoms and Examination
Inappropriate urination, crying in the litter box, frequent urination, and blood in the urine are all symptoms of urinary issues in cats. Most cases of inappropriate urination in cats begin as a urinary tract infection.
Therefore, they should be quickly investigated by your veterinarian. An exam of this nature will cost $50 to $100.
If your cat is ever unable to urinate, this is an emergency. Even waiting overnight can result in kidney damage and death. If an emergency clinic is needed, the exam cost is $100 to $300 depending on your location.
When urinary issues are suspected, your veterinarian will do a urinalysis. This test will look for any crystal formation and bacteria in the urine as well as kidney issues.
If crystal formation is suspected or a urinary blockage has occurred, an x-ray will also be recommended. An x-ray costs $120 to $250.
Ultrasound that costs roughly $300 would also be a possibility.