How Is Bladder Pain Syndrome Diagnosed
There is no one test to tell whether you have bladder pain syndrome. Your doctor or nurse will do a physical exam to look at your lower abdomen and lower back and ask you questions about your symptoms. Your doctor may give you tests to rule out other health problems, such as urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted infections , bladder cancer, or kidney stones.
Some tests your doctor may do include:
Interstitial Cystitis/painful Bladder Syndrome
Interstitial cystitis, also referred to as bladder pain syndrome, is a chronic condition that causes painful urinary symptoms. It affects mostly women, according to the . The cause of the condition is currently unknown, but certain factors may trigger symptoms, such as infections, physical or emotional stress, diet, bladder injury, or certain medications.
Symptoms of interstitial cystitis
The symptoms can range from mild to severe and vary from person to person. Symptoms can include:
- urinalysis to check for infection
- cystoscopy to view the lining of your bladder
- urinary function tests
- potassium sensitivity test
Your doctor may also perform other tests to help rule out cancer as the cause of your symptoms, such as a biopsy, which is usually performed during cystoscopy or urine cytology to check for cancer cells in your urine.
Treatments for interstitial cystitis
There is no one specific treatment for interstitial cystitis. Your doctor will recommend treatments for your individual symptoms, which may include:
How Is It Diagnosed
To diagnose bladder pain syndrome , your doctor may do a test called cystoscopy that uses a thin, lighted tube to see the inside of your bladder. He or she may also do a urine test to rule out other problems, such as a urinary tract infection
Treatment may include:
Your doctor may have you use a bladder diary to record how often you urinate and about how much urine is released.
Also Check: Does Bladder Cancer Show Up In Blood Tests
How Should This Medicine Be Used
Phenazopyridine comes as a tablet or capsule to take by mouth. It usually is taken three times a day after meals. Do not chew or crush the tablets as it may cause your teeth to become stained swallow them whole with a full glass of water. You may stop taking this drug when pain and discomfort completely disappear. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take phenazopyridine exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.
What Is Bladder Pain
Bladder pain is a common condition, primarily in women, that can be attributed to a few different factors. These can include a urinary tract infection, Bladder stones, Crohns Disease or even bladder cancer.
But by far the most common cause of bladder pain is a condition known as Interstitial Cystitis , or as it is sometimes referred to, Painful Bladder Syndrome . It occurs when your bladder becomes inflamed or irritated and is likely to be at its most painful with a full bladder.
Until recently, Painful Bladder Syndrome had been hard to diagnose. For that reason, the number of people suffering the condition have been unclear, although estimates suggest it could be more than 60,000 Australians . PBS can also, to a lesser extent, affect men and children.
Read Also: First Signs Of Bladder Infection
Drink Plenty Of Water
Drinking water and other non-carbonated, low-sugar fluids helps dilute your urine and flushes bacteria from your bladder.
Proper hydration can also prevent further bacteria growth.
Studies show that increasing your overall water intake can decrease your risk of recurrent UTIs.
On average, its suggested that women get at least 11.5 cups and men 15.5 cups of water per day, but that number varies from person to person, and about 20 percent of that water will likely come from food.
Your goal should be to see clear or light yellow urine, and to urinate at least every four hours.
When To See A Healthcare Provider
Conversations about urinary symptoms can be uncomfortable, but if youre experiencing symptoms consistent with a UTI, its best to seek medical advice. Your provider can order tests if needed, discuss treatment options, and help you understand the cause of your infection, as well as providing strategies to prevent recurrences.
The sooner you seek help, the sooner those painful symptoms will be goneand you can go back to getting a good nights sleep.
Read Also: Bladder Mesh Lawsuit Settlement Amounts
Other Ways To Help Manage A Uti:
- Drinking plenty of water may help to dilute your urine and help flush out bacteria that causes UTIs.
- Avoid coffee, alcohol and soft drinks that contain citrus juices and caffeine. They can irritate your bladder and aggravate your need to urinate. No thanks.
- Place a heating pad over your abdomen to help ease pressure and discomfort.
- Once your UTI is treated, maintain a healthy urinary tract with AZO CranberryÂ®, in the form of your choice: caplets, softgels or gummies.*
You May Like: Difference Between Bladder And Urinary Tract Infection
Infection In The Bladder Can Cause Pain While Urinating And Abdominal Cramping Here Are Some Effective Natural Remedies To Treat The Infection And Ease Bladder Pain
Written by Longjam Dineshwori | Updated : September 18, 2020 9:38 AM IST
The urinary bladder, or simply bladder, is a hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine from the kidneys before disposal through the urethra. Did you that a human bladder can hold between 300 and 500 ml of urine before the urge to empty occurs? But donât make it a habit to hold your pee in regularly. Over time, it can weaken the bladder muscles and lead to problems such as incontinence, urinary tract infections as well as increase your risk of kidney disease. Holding in pee for too long can expose your body to potentially harmful bacteria that can multiply and lead to bladder infections.
Infection in the bladder can cause pain while urinating and abdominal cramping as well as a sudden urge to urinate. Bladder pain may also result from interstitial cystitis and bladder cancer. Therefore, it is always a good idea to see a doctor, who will help identify the actual cause of your bladder pain. If it is caused by a bladder infection, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics for a few days to treat the infection and pain relievers to ease abdominal cramps. At the same time, you can also try some natural remedies to flush bacteria out of your urinary tract. Here are some effective home remedies to treat the infection and ease bladder pain:
Also Check: How Many Radiation Treatments For Bladder Cancer
Top 23 Best Natural Home Remedies For Bladder Infection Pain & Other Symptoms
Water plays an important part in the natural activity of our kidney. If your kidney acts normally, your bladder will be easy to take out all the urine. Therefore, if you do not provide enough water for your body, you will not have enough water for the usual activities of your body. According to the advice of many doctors, it is good for you to drink at least one and a half liter of water a day. One study also found that drinking plenty of water helps to reduce the risk of frequent UTIs in those who are prone to getting them. You could drink not only pure water but also the juice from various kinds of fruits, although do watch high sugar content. It is also better for you to avoid harmful drinks such as alcohol, coffee, or soft drinks. These types of drinks contain a large number of carbohydrates, and diuretic compounds that stress the kidney.
2. Lemon Juice
Lemon juice may be another effective remedy in the list of top 23 best home remedies for bladder infection presented here. Lemon juice is a rich source of vitamin C, which is very helpful in treating bladder infection and making you healthy. Citrate, an alkaline compound of this fruit may be effective in treating UTIs and prevents the risk of kidney stones.
Also Check: How Do I Know I Have A Bladder Infection
Key Points About Interstitial Cystitis
Interstitial cystitis is an inflamed or irritated bladder wall.
The cause of IC is unknown and it does not get better with antibiotics.
There is no best way to diagnose IC. A variety of tests may be needed. Urine tests will be done and imaging tests may be used to look at the different parts of the urinary tract and make sure everything is normal. Tissue samples may be removed from the bladder and examined under a microscope to see if cancer or other abnormal cells are present.
Treatments are aimed at easing symptoms. A variety of procedures, medicines, and lifestyle changes may be advised.
You May Like: How To Help Dog With Bladder Infection
Make Friends With Non
Acidic foods are usually bladder irritants. So when going through the produce section, keep an eye out for fruits and veggies that have a low acid content. Pears are a tasty fruit that arent acidic either. Plus, pears are a great source of fiber, which is great for the pelvic floor. Some other non-acidic fruits to keep an eye out for include watermelon and blueberries.
How Do Doctors Treat Ic
Researchers have not found one treatment for interstitial cystitis that works for everyone. Doctors aim current treatments at relieving symptoms in each person on an individual basis.
A health care professional will work with you to find a treatment plan that meets your needs. Your plan may include
- lifestyle changes
- bladder procedures
Some treatments may work better for you than others. You also may need to use a combination of these treatments to relieve your symptoms.
A health care professional may ask you to fill out a form, called a symptom scale, with questions about how you feel. The symptom scale may allow a health care professional to better understand how you are responding to treatment.
You may have to try several different treatments before you find one that works for you. Your symptoms may disappear with treatment, a change in what you eat, or without a clear reason. Even when your symptoms go away, they may return after days, weeks, months, or even years. Researchers do not know why. With time, you and your doctor should be able to find a treatment that gives you some relief and helps you cope with IC.
Don’t Miss: Medicine For Bladder Control At Night
Symptoms Of Interstitial Cystitis
The symptoms associated with painful bladder, or interstitial cystitis syndrome include:
- Frequency day and night
- Urgency the need to urinate straight away, in some cases followed by pain, pressure or spasms
It is most important that you go to see your GP first because PB/IC is a diagnosis of symptoms plus exclusion of other serious possibilities such as cancer.
Your GP may refer you to a Urologist who may perform tests such as urodynamics or cystoscopy. A cystoscopy uses a cystoscope, which is a long tube that can be inserted into the urethra. It has a camera attached to the end so that an image can be shown on a monitor. It can take time to obtain a correct diagnosis as symptoms of PB/IC can be similar to other conditions for example, Overactive Bladder or Bacterial Cystitis.
Bladder Pain In Women And Men
Bladder pain is more common in women. This is likely due to the fact that the two most common causes of bladder pain urinary tract infections and interstitial cystitis more often affect women than men. It may be also due to the fact that the bladder comes into direct contact with a womans reproductive organs, which may cause irritation and aggravate symptoms.
Recommended Reading: Long Term Side Effects Of Bcg Treatment For Bladder Cancer
Bladder Training For Ic
Interstitial Cystitis: A Severe Form Of Bladder Pain Syndrome
More than three million American women live with pelvic pain related to interstitial cystitis, a condition in which the bladder wall becomes irritated and inflamed, according to the NIDDK. Interstitial cystitis is a severe form of bladder pain syndrome, Siddiqui says.
Bladder discomfort from interstitial cystitis may range from tenderness to severe pain, according to the institute. Another clue that interstitial cystitis is the culprit: Menstruation tends to worsen bladder pain.
Interstitial cystitis is not caused by a urinary tract infection, although the symptoms may worsen if you have interstitial cystitis and get a UTI. While the cause is not understood, according to the NIDDK, certain events or factors seem to trigger flares in symptoms. These include stress, changes in diet, allergies, and taking certain drugs, among other things.
Treatment options for interstitial cystitis include distending the bladder, taking oral medication, physical therapy, and using electrical nerve stimulation to alleviate pain, but there is no known cure. In severe cases, where other treatments havent worked, sometimes surgery is an option.
Don’t Miss: How Do You Fix A Weak Bladder
Practice With Kegel Exercises
Kegels are specialized movements we do to strengthen the pelvic floor. It consists basically of holding your urine in the middle of your urinary stream to locate the pelvic muscles in your mind.
Once you find them, contract them repeatedly for a few minutes while sitting, standing, or laying down. This will give you more control over your voiding functions, and symptoms may start to improve after a while.
How To Cure Bladder Pain
This article was co-authored by Luba Lee, FNP-BC, MS. Luba Lee, FNP-BC is a board certified Family Nurse Practitioner and educator in Tennessee with over a decade of clinical experience. Luba has certifications in Pediatric Advanced Life Support , Emergency Medicine, Advanced Cardiac Life Support , Team Building, and Critical Care Nursing. She received her Master of Science in Nursing from the University of Tennessee in 2006.There are 20 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed 5,067 times.
Its normal to feel some discomfort or pressure in your bladder sometimes. However, if this pain doesnt go away, then there might be an underlying cause for it. You might have a urinary tract infection , bladder infection, or a condition called interstitial cystitis . If you are feeling bladder pain or a frequent urge to urinate, then dont panic. There are plenty of medical and home treatments to relieve your symptoms. With the right steps, youll feel much better and be able to get on with your life.
You May Like: Can A Bladder Infection Make You Dizzy
How To Relieve Uti Pain At Night
If youve ever had a urinary tract infection , you know they can cause incredible pain and discomfort.
The symptoms of a UTI can result in disturbed, restless nights with burning sensations, frequent urges to urinate, and sometimes abdominal or flank pain and cramping.
While UTI treatment requires a course of prescription antibiotics, there are also home remedies and over-the-counter treatments that can help relieve pain so you can sleep.
In this article, Ill go over a few of these remedies, the common symptoms of UTIs, ways to prevent future infections, and discuss when its time to speak with a healthcare provider about your symptoms.
What Are The Symptoms
The pain from BPS can be mild to severe but almost always goes away right after you urinate. Other symptoms of BPS include:
- Urinating often during the day and night.
- Feeling pressure, discomfort, and a persistent urge to urinate.
- Having pain in your lower belly or pelvis.
People with BPS may go days or weeks with no symptoms.
Read Also: How To Relieve Bladder Inflammation
What Should I Know About Storage And Disposal Of This Medication
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture .
Unneeded medications should be disposed of in special ways to ensure that pets, children, and other people cannot consume them. However, you should not flush this medication down the toilet. Instead, the best way to dispose of your medication is through a medicine take-back program. Talk to your pharmacist or contact your local garbage/recycling department to learn about take-back programs in your community. See the FDA’s Safe Disposal of Medicines website for more information if you do not have access to a take-back program.
It is important to keep all medication out of sight and reach of children as many containers are not child-resistant and young children can open them easily. To protect young children from poisoning, always lock safety caps and immediately place the medication in a safe location â one that is up and away and out of their sight and reach.